Russian Republic

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Russian Republic
Российская Республика
Rossiyskaya Respublika
Гимн свободной России
"Hymn of Free Russia"
The Russian Provisional Government in 1917. With the exception of some western areas lost to the German Empire, its territory was essentially the same as that of the preceding Russian Empire after the sale of Alaska to the United States in 1867.
Capital Saint Petersburg
Languages Russian
Government Provisional government
 •  15 March 1917 Georgy Lvov
 •  21 July 1917 Alexander Kerensky
Legislature Council of the Russian Republic
Historical era World War I
 •  February Revolution 15 March 1917
 •  Republic proclaimed 14 September 1917
 •  October Revolution 7 November 1917
Currency Ruble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian Empire
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russian Democratic Federative Republic
Kingdom of Finland (1918)
Today part of

The Russian Republic (Russian: Российская республика, tr. Rossiyskaya respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə]) was a short-lived state that controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire between its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) in a decree signed by Alexander Kerensky as Minister-President and Alexander Zarudny as Minister of Justice.[1]

Less than six weeks later, the Republic was overtaken by the October Revolution beginning on 25 October 1917 (7 November, N.S.) and the establishment of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR).[2]

Officially, the Republic's government was the Provisional Government, although de facto control of the country and its armed forces was divided between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet.

The term Russian Republic is sometimes used erroneously for the period between the abdication of the Emperor Nicholas II on 2 March 1917 (15 March, N.S) and the declaration of the Republic in September. However, during that period the future status of the monarchy remained to be resolved.

Principal institutions

See also


  1. ^ The Russian Republic Proclaimed at, accessed 12 June 2017
  2. ^ "Russia". World Statesmen. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 

External links

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