Royal Moroccan Navy

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Royal Moroccan Navy (English)
القوات البحرية الملكية المغربية (Arabic)
Adwas Ageldan n Yilel (Berber)
Marine royale (French)
Moroccan Navy Force.png
Moroccan Royal Navy Seal
Active 1960 (Modern)- 11th century (historic)
Country  Morocco
Allegiance Kingdom of Morocco
Branch Navy
Type Navy
Size 7,800 personnel (includes 1,500 Marines)
Part of Administration of Defence إدارة الدفاع
Headquarters Rabat-Salé
Anniversaries April 1st (foundation)
Equipment 121 vessels 17 aircraft
Commanders
Inspector General of the Navy Rear-Admiral Mostapha El Alami
Commander-in-Chief King Mohammed VI
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Morocco.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Morocco.svg
Aircraft flown
Helicopter AS565 Panther

The Royal Navy of Morocco (Arabic: القوات البحرية الملكية المغربية‎, Berber: Adwas Ageldan n Yilel, French: Marine royale) is a branch of the military of Morocco responsible for conducting naval operations. The Royal Moroccan Navy is administratively managed by the Administration of Defence, which is (de facto) commanded by King Mohammed VI, the commander-in-chief of the Moroccan Armed Forces.

Mission

The Royal Moroccan Navy is part of the Moroccan Armed Forces. Its mission includes the protection of Moroccan territory and sovereignty, as well as the control of Morocco's 81,000-square-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone. Given Morocco's significant coastline (2,952 km) and strategic position overseeing the Strait of Gibraltar, it (along with Spain and the United Kingdom) is deeply involved in the security of this important international waterway.

History

The history of the modern Royal Moroccan Navy began in 1960 with its foundation by King Mohammed V. The first admiral of the modern Moroccan Navy was Vice Admiral Mohammed Triki, who held the position as the Commander in Chief of the Royal Moroccan Navy for 14 years from 1991 to 2005, and devoted 46 years of services to the Moroccan Navy. Vice Admiral Triki was awarded these decorations: (from Morocco) Legion of the Order of Commander, Knight of the Order of the Throne by his majesty King Hassan II; (from France) Legion of Honor by President Jacques Chirac; (from USA) Legion of Merit by President Bill Clinton; and (from Spain) Legion of Merit. Although the modern Royal Navy was structured following independence, the Moroccan naval military traces its roots back to the 11th century, with the rise of the Almoravid dynasty, and its ambition for naval hegemony in the Mediterranean Sea. Admiral Abdullah Ben Meimoun is credited for being the first commander of the Almoravid dynasty organized naval forces. With the Almohad dynasty taking over most of northern Africa, together with Al-Andalus, the Almohad dynasty navy soon became the "first fleet of the Mediterranean".[1] At its peak, the Almohad navy's military reputation was well known, inciting Ayyubid dynasty Egypt and Saladin to seek its help in preventing Crusades expeditions. The 16th century had the starting decline of the Moroccan state and consequently the navy that served it. The capture of major coastal cities and locations by Spain and Portugal much affected Morocco's naval capabilities. Later on, under pressure from a coalition of European powers, Sultan Slimane dismantled the last remanents of the Moroccan Navy.

Bases

The main bases of the Royal Moroccan Navy are located in:

Equipment

Warships

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Frigates (3)
FREMM FREMM Mohammed VI - Lorient 2013-05.JPG 701 Mohammed VI 2014 ASW version[2]
Floréal US Navy 050405-N-3557N-112 The Moroccan Navy Floreal-class frigates, Muhammed V (FFGHM 611) and Hassan II (FFGHM 612) conduct maneuvers with the ships assigned to the USS Kearsarge (LHD 3) Expeditionary Strike Group.jpg 611 Mohammed V 2002
612 Hassan II 2003
Corvettes (4)
Descubierta Descubierta class Lieutenant Colonel Errahmani 501 Lieutenant-Colonel Errahmani 1983 Updated in 2014[3]
Sigma Kri-diponegoro-1600-1200.jpg 613 Tarik Ben Ziyad 2011 Sigma 10513 version
614 Sultan Moulay Ismail 2012 Sigma 9813 version
615 Allal Ben Abdellah 2012 Sigma 9813 Version
Missile boats (4)
Lazaga 307 Commandant Azouggarh, 2010.jpg 304 El Khattabi 1981
305 Commandant Boutouba 1981
306 Commandant El Harty 1982
307 Commandant Azouggarh 1982
Patrol boats (18)
OPV-70 341 Bir Anzaran 341 Bir Anzaran 2011 4 under construction
OPV-64 322 Raïs Al Mounastiri. 318 Raïs Bargach 1995
319 Raïs Britel 1996
320 Raïs Charkaoui 1996
321 Raïs Maaninou 1997
322 Raïs Al Mounastiri 1997
Osprey 55 20080702-Faliron P-19 HS Navmachos.jpg 308 El Lahiq 1987
309 El Tawfiq 1988
316 El Hamiss 1990
317 El Karib 1990
Cormoran Cormoran Class.jpg 310 Lieutenant De Vaisseau Rabhi 1988
311 Errachiq 1988
312 El Akid 1989
313 El Maher 1989
314 El Majid 1989
315 El Bachir 1989
PR-72 PR-72 class.jpg 302 Okba 1976
303 Triki 1977
Damen Interceptor 1503 Interceptor 1503.jpg 1-5 TBD 2016 5 under construction for Coast Guard Duties, capable of 60 knots (110 km/h; 69 mph)

Amphibious and auxiliary vessels

Class Photo No. Ship Year
commissioned
Note
Amphibious ships
BATRAL 404 Abou Abdallah El Ayachi.JPG 402 Daoud Ben Aicha 1977
403 Ahmed Es Sakali 1977
404 Abou Abdallah El Ayachi 1978
Support ships
Hydrographic and oceanographic boat B2m .jpg 804 Ibn Battuta 2018 Used to chart the underwater coastal area[4]
Ad Dakhla CLS Daoud Ben Aicha.jpg 408 Daoud Ben Aicha 1997 coastal logistics ship
Hydrographic research boat H-01 H-01 2011 Used to chart the underwater coastal area.
Damen Stan Tug 2208 Al-Mounkid .jpg A2 Al Mounkid 2015 Coastal & harbour tug[5]
BBP 803 BBP Submariner training ship
Marrakech transport ship ro-ro xxx ro-ro Transport ship ro-ro
50 m landing craft tank LCT50M.jpg 409 Sidi Ifni landing craft tank[6]

Inshore patrol vessels

  • P-32
    • El Wacil ( 203 )
    • El Jail ( 204 )
    • El Mikdam ( 205 )
    • El Khafir ( 206 )
    • El Haris ( 207 )
    • Essahir ( 208 )
    • Erraid ( 209 )
    • Erraced ( 210 )
    • El Kaced ( 211 )
    • Essaid ( 212 )
  • VCSM/RPB 20 (107-116)
  • Rodman-101 (130-139)
  • Arcor-46 (D01-D18) In Service with Moroccan Customs
  • 15 Arcor-53 In Service with Moroccan Gendarmerie
  • 2 Griffon 500TD hovercraft In service with Moroccan Gendarmerie
  • 10 Rodman-55
  • 10 Arcor-17
      • No boats of this class have been built yet. Russia has offered the sub for sale to India, but in 2005, India ordered Scorpène-class submarines instead. On 4 July 2013, Rosoboronexport announced they will offer the Amur 1650 to the Moroccan Navy if they announce a tender for new submarines.[5]

Aircraft

Aircraft Photo Origin Mission In Service Note
Maritime Patrol Aircraft
Britten-Norman Defender ZH002 Britten-Norman Defender AL.2.jpg  United Kingdom Maritime patrol aircraft 14 Operated by the Royal Moroccan Air Force
Beech King Air 350ER Beechcraft B300 King Air 350 A32-426.jpg  United States Maritime patrol aircraft 2 Ordered by the Royal Moroccan Air Force
Helicopters
Eurocopter AS565 MA Moroccan HH-65A Dolphin helicopter. dropping a search and rescue swimmer.jpg  France Naval Military utility 3 Operated by the Royal Moroccan Navy
Bell 412EP ASW MA N301FD.jpg  United States Naval Military utility 2 Ordered two by the Royal Moroccan Navy

Notable sailors

Abdelkader Perez, Admiral and an ambassador to England in 1723.
  • Abdellah Ben Aïcha, admiral of Salé, ambassador to king Louis XIV of France in 1689.
  • Abdelkader Perez, ambassador to England in 1723 and again in 1737.
  • Abdellah Ben Soleïman, commander of the Almohad fleet under sultan [Abd al-Mu'min]
  • Abdellah Ben Taâ Allah, commander of the Almohad fleet under Muhammad an-Nasir and governor of Majorca
  • Corsair Triki of Salé, 17th century.
  • Vice Admiral Mohammed Triki of Safi, Commander in Chief of the Royal Moroccan Navy from July 1991 to June 2005.

Gallery

See also

References

  • Baker III, A. D. (1998). Combat Fleets of the World 1998-1999. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-111-4. 
  1. ^ André, Charles-André (1994). Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord. Paris: Payot. p. 866. ISBN 978-2-228-88789-2. 
  2. ^ "DCNS delivers multimission frigate Mohammed VI to Royal Moroccan Navy". January 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
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