Roseanna Cunningham

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Roseanna Cunningham
MSP
Cabinet Secretary for the Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform, Roseanna Cunningham.png
Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform
Assumed office
18 May 2016
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
Preceded by Aileen McLeod
Cabinet Secretary for Fair Work, Skills and Training
In office
21 November 2014 – 18 May 2016
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
Preceded by Angela Constance
Succeeded by Office abolished
Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs
In office
25 May 2011 – 21 November 2014
First Minister Alex Salmond
Preceded by Fergus Ewing
Succeeded by Paul Wheelhouse
Depute Leader of the
Scottish National Party
In office
26 September 2000 – 3 September 2004
Leader John Swinney
Preceded by John Swinney
Succeeded by Nicola Sturgeon
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Perthshire South and Kinross-shire
Perth (1999-2011)
Assumed office
6 May 1999
Preceded by Constituency established
Majority 1,422
Member of Parliament
for Perth
Perth and Kinross (1995–1997)
In office
25 May 1995 – 7 June 2001
Preceded by Nicholas Fairbairn
Succeeded by Annabelle Ewing
Personal details
Born (1951-07-27) 27 July 1951 (age 67)
Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality Scottish
Political party Scottish National Party
Alma mater University of Western Australia
Profession Solicitor, Advocate
Website Official website

Roseanna Cunningham (born 27 July 1951, in Glasgow) is a Scottish politician who is the Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform. She was the Cabinet Secretary for Fair Work, Skills and Training 2014−2016 and is the Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of the Scottish Parliament for Perthshire South and Kinross-shire, having previously represented Perth 1999−2011. She was an MP for Perth and Kinross 1995–1997, then for Perth 1997–2001.

Early life

Cunningham was born in Glasgow and spent her early years living in East Lothian and Edinburgh. In 1960, she emigrated with her family to Perth in Australia, and completed her schooling at John Curtin High School in Fremantle. She became interested in politics while still a teenager and joined the SNP in 1969 as an overseas member. Cunningham graduated from the University of Western Australia in 1976 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in politics, before returning to Scotland.

She worked as a researcher at SNP headquarters from 1977 to 1979 and was a member of the left-wing 79 Group inside the SNP during the early 1980s, but avoided expulsion as she was not a member of its steering committee (future SNP leader Alex Salmond by contrast who served on the 79 Group committee was expelled, whilst Margo MacDonald resigned from the party in protest before she could be expelled).

Cunningham returned to university in 1980, graduating from the University of Edinburgh in 1982 with a Bachelor of Laws degree, followed by a Diploma in Legal Practice from the University of Aberdeen in 1983. She worked as a solicitor for Dumbarton District Council and Glasgow District Council. After a brief period in private practice, she became an advocate in 1990.

Political career

In the 1992 general election Cunningham stood in the Perth and Kinross constituency, only losing by around 2,000 votes.[1]

In 1995, she gained the seat in the Perth and Kinross by-election succeeding the recently deceased Conservative MP, Sir Nicholas Fairbairn. She had initially been left off the SNP's candidate shortlist over her brief relationship in the 1970s with Donald Bain, then husband of SNP MP Margaret Ewing, on the grounds that the issue could prove an embarrassment to the party. Cunningham said the affair had begun after the couple had separated.[2] She was put back in contention following an intervention by the then party leader Alex Salmond, and after Ewing made clear she had no objection to Cunningham's candidature. In the 1997 election, she stood for the Perth constituency and was elected.

In 1999 she became the MSP for Perth and continues to represent the area in the Scottish Parliament to this day. In 2000, she was elected the SNP Senior Vice-Convener (depute leader). Also in that year, she helped establish the Scottish Left Review publication. She stood down as an MP in 2001, to concentrate on the Scottish Parliament.

John Swinney announced his resignation as leader of the SNP on 22 June 2004, and on the same day Cunningham announced that she would be a candidate in the subsequent election for the party leadership. In the early stages of the campaign she appeared to be the clear front-runner, but the entirely unexpected decision of the former leader Alex Salmond to enter the race just before nominations closed changed everything, and Cunningham ultimately finished a distant second.

In December 2006, she led an unsuccessful attempt to prevent same-sex couples gaining the right to adopt children,[3] despite having previously been named ScotsGay Parliamentarian of the Year in 1998.[4] When legislation to introduce same-sex marriage in Scotland was passed by the Scottish Parliament in February 2014, she had voted against the bill.[5]

In the first reshuffle of the SNP Government in February 2009, Cunningham was appointed as Minister for the Environment.[6] In December 2010, she also took on portfolio responsibility for climate change, becoming Minister for the Environment and Climate Change. After the 2011 election, which saw a SNP landslide, she was appointed Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs with special responsibility for tackling sectarianism.

In Nicola Sturgeon's first reshuffle in November 2014, she was promoted to Cabinet as Cabinet Secretary for Fair Work, Skills and Training.

References

  1. ^ Johnson, Maureen (3 April 1995). "Nationalist movement gains strength on moors and glens. An Independent Scotland?". The Glasgow Herald. p. 2. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  2. ^ Arlidge, John (1 March 1995). "SNP candidate's past haunts her". The Independent. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  3. ^ "MSPs vote for same-sex adoption". BBC News. 7 December 2006.
  4. ^ ScotsGay Magazine - Issue 25
  5. ^ "Scotland's same-sex marriage bill: How MSPs voted". 4 February 2014.
  6. ^ Cunningham relishing new challenge, Scottish Government, 12 February 2009

External links

  • Official website
  • MSP biography pages at Scottish Parliament website
  • SNP website
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Roseanna Cunningham
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Nicholas Fairbairn
Member of Parliament for Perth and Kinross
19951997
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Perth
19972001
Succeeded by
Annabelle Ewing
Scottish Parliament
Preceded by
Constituency established
Member of the Scottish Parliament for Perth
19992011
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Constituency established
Member of the Scottish Parliament for
Perthshire South and Kinross-shire

2011–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Russell
Minister for Environment and Climate Change
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Paul Wheelhouse
Preceded by
Fergus Ewing
as Minister for Community Safety
Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Paul Wheelhouse
Preceded by
Angela Constance
as Cabinet Secretary for Training, Youth and Women's Employment
Cabinet Secretary for Fair Work, Skills and Training
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Preceded by
Aileen McLeod
Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform
2016–present
Succeeded by
incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Swinney
Depute Leader of the Scottish National Party
2000–2004
Succeeded by
Nicola Sturgeon
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