Rose & Crown Bar bombing

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Rose & Crown Bar bombing
Part of the Troubles
Rose crown1.jpg
Bombing aftermath outside the Rose & Crown bar
Location Ormeau Road, Belfast,
Northern Ireland
Date 2 May 1974
22:00 (GMT)
Target Irish Catholics,
Irish Nationalists
Attack type
Time bomb
Weapons gelignite bomb
Deaths 6
Non-fatal injuries
18
Perpetrator Ulster Volunteer Force

The Rose & Crown Bar bombing was a bomb attack against a Catholic owned pub in Belfast which was carried out by the loyalist paramilitary group the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) just less than two weeks before the start of the Ulster Workers' Council strike of May 1974 which brought down the Sunningdale power sharing agreement and just 15 day before the UVF Dublin and Monaghan bombings which killed 34 people and injured 300 people, the highest casualty rate in a single day during The Troubles.

Background

Loyalists and Unionist from nearly all political and social backgrounds reacted with anger to the Sunningdale agreement in particular the part that offered the Dublin government a say in how Northern Ireland would be governed. Many young Loyalists joined the Loyalist paramilitary groups like the UVF and Ulster Defence Association (UDA). In the weeks leading up to May 1974 the Loyalist paramilitaries had intensified their campaign. On 9 February the UDA shot dead two Catholic civilians in a bar in Belfast [1] Two days later on 11 February two more Catholics were killed by the UDA/UFF.[2] On 19 February the UVF killed two more civilians in a bomb attack on a pub in Armagh.[3] On 29 March the UVF bombed Conways bar in Belfast killing two more Catholic civilians.[4] On 21 April the UVF shot dead a Sinn Féin member in Fermanagh.[5]

The Bombing

At around 22:00 pm the UVF threw a cylinder bomb laden with 200lb of high explosives through the front door of the Catholic-owned Rose & Crown bar on the Lower Ormeau Road. The bomb exploded immediately once inside. The explosion brought the front of the entrance crashing down making it impossible for people to escape. Five Catholics were killed outright with one more dying from his wounds a day or two later. Some of the injuries were horrific. Eyewitnesses described scenes of men missing legs or arms and one man blown in half. A 75-year-old man lost a leg and another man his arm. One of the victims, a 17-year-old boy, was walking past the bar when the bomb went off; the blast was so powerful that it blew both his legs off and killed him instantly.[6]

Aftermath

A white sedan seen near the building was later found abandoned in a Protestant area half a mile away.

Two teenagers were eventually arrested and jailed for the bombings.[7]

Loyalist paramilitaries killed a total of 51 one people the majority of whom were killed in the Dublin and Monaghan bombings 17 May and injured about 400 in the month of May 1974 alone making May 1974 the worst month out of the whole conflict for Loyalist paramilitary attacks.[8][9]

In 2014 for the 40th anniversary of the bombing a monument near the bomb site was dedicated to the victims of the UVF atrocity.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=9&month=02&year=1974
  2. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=11&month=02&year=1974
  3. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=19&month=02&year=1974
  4. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=29&month=03&year=1974
  5. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1974.html
  6. ^ http://www.itnsource.com/shotlist//RTV/1974/05/03/BGY509100090/?s=rescuers
  7. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/monument-to-mark-uvf-atrocity-at-rose-and-crown-bar-on-belfasts-ormeau-road-30236470.html
  8. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch74.htm#May
  9. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1974.html
  10. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/monument-to-mark-uvf-atrocity-at-rose-and-crown-bar-on-belfasts-ormeau-road-30236470.html

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