Romanization of Belarusian

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Romanization or Latinization of Belarusian is any system for transliterating written Belarusian from Cyrillic to the Latin.

Some of the standard systems for romanizing Belarusian:

See also: Belarusian Latin alphabet.

Comparative table of some standard romanisations of the Belarusian letters
Cyrillic Scholarly[2] ALA-LC British[3] BGN/PCGN[4] ISO 9 National 2000[5] National 2007[5]
А а a a a a a a a
Б б b b b b b b b
В в v v v v v v v
Г г h h h h g h h
Ґ ґ[6] g g g g
Д д d d d d d d d
Дж дж dz͡h dzh dzh
Дз дз dz dz dz dz dz dz dz
Е е e e e ye e je, ie je, ie
Ё ё ë i͡o ë yo ë jo, io jo, io
Ж ж ž z͡h zh zh ž ž ž
З з z z z z z z z
І і i i i i ì i i
Й й j ĭ ĭ y j j j
К к k k k k k k k
Л л l l l l l l l
М м m m m m m m m
Н н n n n n n n n
О о o o o o o o o
П п p p p p p p p
Р р r r r r r r r
С с s s s s s s s
Т т t t t t t t t
Тс тс t-s t·s
У у u u u u u u u
Ў ў ŭ (w) ŭ w w ǔ ú ǔ
Ф ф f f f f f f f
Х х x (ch) kh kh kh h ch ch
Ц ц c ts ts ts c c c
Ч ч č ch ch ch č č č
Ш ш š sh sh sh š š š
- ”, " ′′ - -
Ы ы y y ȳ y y y y
Ь ь ’, ' combining acute
Э э è ė é e è e e
Ю ю ju i͡u yu yu û ju, iu ju, iu
Я я ja i͡a ya ya â ja, ia ja, ia
Historical letters
И и ī
Щ щ shch
Ъ ъ ”, "
Ѣ ѣ ě ê
  1. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/9th-uncsgn-docs/e-conf-98-crp-21.pdf
  2. ^ Parentheses ( ) denote older variants.
  3. ^ Diacritics may be omitted when back-transliteration is not required
  4. ^ "Romanization Systems Currently Approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) and the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use (PCGN)". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  5. ^ a b For е, ё, ю, я, the digraphs je, jo, ju, ja are used word-initially, and after a vowel, apostrophe (’), separating ь, or ў.
  6. ^ The letter Ge (Ґ ґ) has never been the part of the standard Belarusian alphabet.

Examples

Transliteration of some common words
Cyrillic Беларусь Лукашэнка Магілёў сям’я
Łacinka Biełaruś Łukašenka Mahiloŭ siamja
BGN/PCGN Byelarus′ Lukashenka Mahilyow syamʹʹya
Scholarly Belarus′ Lukašènka Mahilëŭ sjamja
ALA-LC Belarus′ Lukashėnka Mahili͡oŭ si͡ami͡a
British Belarus’ Lukashénka Mahilëw syam”ya
ISO 9 Belarus′ Lukašènka Magìlëǔ sâm’â
National 2000 Bielarus’ Lukašenka Mahilioú siamja
National 2007 Bielaruś Lukašenka Mahilioŭ siamja

See also

References

  • British Standard 2979 : 1958, London: British Standards Institution.
  • United Nations Statistics Division, Geographical Names
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