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Charles de Gaulle Airport

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Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport

Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle

Roissy Airport
Paris Aéroport logo.svg
Aeroport de Roissy.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Groupe ADP
Serves Paris, France
Location 25 km (16 mi) NE of Paris
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 119 m / 392 ft
Coordinates 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778Coordinates: 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778
Website aeroportsdeparis.fr
Map
CDG is located in Île-de-France (region)
CDG
CDG
Location in Île-de-France
CDG is located in Europe
CDG
CDG
CDG (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 4,215 13,829 Asphalt
08R/26L 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
09L/27R 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
09R/27L 4,200 13,780 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 69,471,442 Increase 5.4%
Aircraft movements 475,654 Increase 0.6%
  • Source: AIP France[1]
  • Passenger Traffic & Aircraft Movements[2]

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle, IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe. It is named after Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970), leader of the Free French Forces during the Second World War, founder of the French Fifth Republic and President of France from 1959 to 1969. Charles de Gaulle Airport is located within portions of several communes 25 km (16 mi)[1] to the northeast of Paris. Charles de Gaulle Airport serves as the principal hub for Air France and other legacy carriers (from Star Alliance, Oneworld and SkyTeam), as well as a focus city for low-cost carriers easyJet, Vueling, and Norwegian Air Shuttle. The Airport is operated by Groupe ADP under the brand Paris Aéroport.

In 2017, the airport handled 69,471,442 passengers and 475,654 aircraft movements,[3] thus making it the world's tenth-busiest airport, and Europe's second-busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in terms of passenger numbers. In terms of cargo traffic, the airport is the twelfth-busiest in the world and the second-busiest in Europe (after Frankfurt Airport), handling 2,150,950 metric tonnes of cargo in 2012.[3] Marc Houalla has been the director of the airport since 12 February 2018.

Location

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport covers 32.38 square kilometres (12.50 sq mi) of land. The airport area, including terminals and runways, spans over three départements and six communes:

The choice of constructing an international aviation hub outside of central Paris was made due to a limited prospect of potential relocations or expropriations and the possibility of further expanding the airport in the future.

Management of the airport lies solely on the authority of Groupe ADP, which also manages Orly (south of Paris), Le Bourget (to the immediate southwest of Charles de Gaulle Airport, now used for general aviation and Paris Air Shows), several smaller airfields in the suburbs of Paris, and other airports directly or indirectly worldwide.

History

Development

The planning and construction phase of what was known then as Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris North Airport)[5] began in 1966. On 8 March 1974 the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, opened. Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-floors-high circular building surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates allowing sunlight to enter through apertures. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who was also in charge of the extensions during the following decades.

Following the introduction of the brand Paris Aéroport to all its Parisian airports, Groupe ADP also announced major changes for the Charles de Gaulle Airport: Terminals of the Satellite 1 will be merged, as well as terminals 2B and 2D. A new luggage automated sorting system and conveyor under Terminal 2E Hall L was installed to speed luggage delivery time for airlines operating Paris-Charles de Gaulle's hub. The CDG Express, the direct express rail link from Paris to Charles de Gaulle Airport, is planned for completion by 2023.[6]

Corporate identity

The Frutiger typeface was commissioned for use in the airport and implemented on signs throughout the building in 1975. Initially called Roissy, it was renamed after its designer Adrian Frutiger.

Until 2005, every PA announcement made at Terminal 1 was preceded by a distinctive chime, nicknamed "Indicatif Roissy" and composed by Bernard Parmegiani in 1971. The chime can be heard in the Roman Polanski film Frantic. The chime was officially replaced by the "Indicatif ADP" chime.

On 14 April 2016, the Groupe ADP rolled out the Connect 2020 corporate strategy and the commercial brand Paris Aéroport was applied to all Parisian airports, including Le Bourget airport.[7]

Terminals

Airport Diagram
Aerial view of Terminal 1
Aerial view of Terminal 2A and 2B

Charles de Gaulle Airport has three terminals: Terminal 1 is the oldest and situated opposite to Terminal 3; Terminal 2 is located at another side with 7 sub-terminal buildings (2A to 2G). Terminal 2 was originally built exclusively for Air France;[5] since then it has been expanded significantly and now also hosts other airlines. Terminals 2A to 2F are interconnected by elevated walkways and situated next to each other. Terminal 2G is a satellite building connected by shuttle bus.[5]

Terminal 3 (formerly known as "Terminal 9") hosts charter and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL light-rail shuttle connects Terminal 2 to Terminals 1/3 and their parking lots. Refer to Ground Transportation below for inter-terminal transfers and transport to central Paris.

Terminal 1

The first terminal, designed by Paul Andreu, was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular terminal building which houses key functions such as check-in counters and baggage claim conveyors. Seven satellites with boarding gates are connected to the central building by underground walkways.

The central building, with a large skylight in its centre, dedicates each floor to a single function. The first floor is reserved for technical operations and not accessible to the public. The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train platforms (for Terminal 2 and trains to central Paris) and check-in counters from a recent renovation. The majority of check-in counters, however, are located on the third floor, which also has access to taxi stands, bus stops and special pick-up vehicles. Departing passengers with valid boarding passes can reach the fourth floor, which houses duty-free stores and border control posts, for the boarding gates. The fifth floor contains baggage claim conveyors for arriving passengers. All four upper floors have assigned areas for parking and airline offices.

Passages between the third, fourth and fifth floors are provided by a tangle of escalators arranged through the centre of the building. These escalators are suspended over the central court. Each escalator is covered with a transparent tube to shelter from all weather conditions. These escalators were often used in film shootings (e.g. The Last Gang of Ariel Zeitoun). The Alan Parsons Project album I Robot features these escalators on its cover.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is spread across seven sub-terminals: 2A to 2G. Terminals 2A to 2F are connected by inter-terminal walkways, but Terminal 2G is a satellite building 800 m (0.5 mi) away. Terminal 2G can only be accessed by shuttle bus from Terminals 1, 2A to 2F and 3. The CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train, Paris RER Regional-Express and high-speed TGV rail station, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV, is located within the Terminal 2 complex and between 2C and 2E (on one side) or 2D and 2F (on the opposite side).

Terminal 2F was used for the filming of the music video for the U2 song "Beautiful Day". The band also had their picture taken inside Terminal 2F for the album artwork of their 2000 album "All That You Can't Leave Behind".

Collapse of Terminal 2E

Collapsed Terminal 2E, June 2004
Terminal 2

On 23 May 2004, shortly after the inauguration of terminal 2E, a portion of it collapsed near Gate E50, killing four people.[8] Two of the dead were reported to be Chinese citizens and another a Czech. The nationality of the fourth person is unknown. Three other people were injured in the collapse. Terminal 2E had been inaugurated in 2003 after some delays in construction and was designed by Paul Andreu. Administrative and judicial enquiries were started. Andreu also designed Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport, which collapsed while under construction on 28 September 2004.

Before this accident, ADP had been planning for an initial public offering in 2005 with the new terminal as a major attraction for investors. The partial collapse and indefinite closing of the terminal just before the beginning of summer seriously hurt the airport's business plan.

In February 2005, the results from the administrative inquiry were published. The experts pointed out that there was no single fault, but rather a number of causes for the collapse, in a design that had little margin for safety. The inquiry found the concrete vaulted roof was not resilient enough and had been pierced by metallic pillars and some openings weakened the structure. Sources close to the inquiry also disclosed that the whole building chain had worked as close to the limits as possible, so as to reduce costs. Paul Andreu denounced the building companies for having not correctly prepared the reinforced concrete.

On 17 March 2005, ADP decided to tear down and rebuild the whole part of Terminal 2E (the "jetty") of which a section had collapsed, at a cost of approximately €100 million.[9] The reconstruction replaced the innovative concrete tube style of the jetty with a more traditional steel and glass structure. During reconstruction, two temporary departure lounges were constructed in the vicinity of the terminal that replicated the capacity of 2E before the collapse. The terminal reopened completely on 30 March 2008.

Terminal 2G

Terminal 2, display screen
Air France aircraft on stands at Terminal 2F at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

Terminal 2G, dedicated to regional Air France and HOP! flights and its affiliates, opened in 2008. This terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus. Terminal 2G is used for passengers flying in the Schengen Area (and thus has no passport control) and handles Air France regional and European traffic and provides small-capacity planes (up to 150 passengers) with a faster turnaround time than is currently possible by enabling them to park close to the new terminal building and boarding passengers primarily by bus, or walking. A bus line called "navette orange" connects the terminal 2G inside the security check area with terminals 2E and 2F. Passengers transferring to other terminals need to continue their trip with other bus shuttles within the security check area if they do not need to get their bags.

Terminal 2E Hall L (Satellite 3)

The completion of 750 m (2,460 ft) long Satellite 3 (or S3) to the immediate east of Terminals 2E and 2F provides further jetways for large-capacity airliners, specifically the Airbus A380. Check-in and baggage handling are provided by the existing infrastructure in Terminals 2E and 2F. Satellite 3 was opened in part on 27 June 2007 and fully operational in September 2007. It corresponds now to gates L of terminal 2E.

Terminal 2E Hall M (Satellite 4)

The satellite S4, adjacent to the S3 and part of terminal 2E, officially opened on 28 June 2012. It corresponds now to gates M of terminal 2E. Dedicated to long-haul flights, it has the ability to handle 16 aircraft at the same time, with an expected capacity of 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening has led to the relocation of all SkyTeam airlines to terminals 2E (for international carriers), 2F (for Schengen European carriers) and 2G.

Future

Air France has moved all of its operations previously located at 2C to 2E. In October 2012, 2F closed its international operations and became completely Schengen, allowing for all Air France flights currently operating in 2D to relocate to terminal 2F. Further, in April 2013, Terminal 2B closed for a complete renovation (all airlines relocated to 2D) and will receive upgrades including the addition of a second floor completely dedicated to arrivals. Once 2B is completed, 2D will close and receive similar upgrades, including the addition of a new floor. Low-cost carrier easyJet has shown its interest in being the sole carrier at 2B.[10] To facilitate connections, a new boarding area between 2A and 2C was opened in March 2012. It allows for all security and passport control to be handled in a single area, allows for many new shopping opportunities as well as new airline lounges, and eases transfer restrictions between 2A and 2C.

According to La Tribune newspaper a new Terminal 4 is likely to be built around 2025, when Charles de Gaulle Airport's maximum capacity of 80 millions will be reached. This new Terminal 4, when constructed, will be able to accommodate 30–40 million passengers per year and will most likely be built north of Terminal 2E.[11]

Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is located 1 km (0.62 mi) away from Terminal 1. It consists of one single building for arrivals and departures. The walking distance between Terminals 1 and 3 is 3 km (1.9 mi) long, however, the rail station (named as "CDG Airport Terminal 1") for RER and CDGVAL trains are only at a distance of 300 m (980 ft). Terminal 3 has no boarding gates constructed and all passengers are ferried via boarding buses to the aircraft stands.

Roissypôle

Roissypôle is a complex consisting of office buildings, shopping areas, hotels, and a bus coach and RER B station within Charles de Gaulle Airport. The complex includes the head office of Air France,[12] Continental Square,[13] the Hilton Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport,[14] and le Dôme building. Le Dôme includes the head office of Air France Consulting, an Air France subsidiary.[15] Continental Square has the head office of XL Airways France,[16] the head office of Air France subsidiary Servair[17] and the Air France Vaccinations Centre.[18]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Corfu, Kalamata, Heraklion, Rhodes, Samos, Thessaloniki
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Aigle Azur Algiers
Seasonal: Bamako, Sétif,[19] Tlemcen[19]
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Biskra, Chlef, Constantine, Oran
Seasonal: El Oued
Air Arabia Maroc Fez, Tangier, Marrakesh
Air Astana Astana
Air Austral Saint–Denis de la Réunion
Seasonal: Dzaoudzi
Air Canada[20] Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Vancouver
Air Cairo[21] Hurghada, Luxor
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Shanghai–Pudong
Air Corsica Seasonal: Bastia
Air Europa Málaga, Valencia
Air France[22] Aberdeen, Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Athens, Atlanta, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bengaluru, Bangui, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade (begins 31 March 2019),[23] Biarritz, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Brazzaville, Bremen, Brest, Bucharest–Henri Coandă, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago–O'Hare, Clermont-Ferrand, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cork, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Delhi, Detroit, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Florence, Frankfurt, Freetown–Lungi, Geneva, Genoa, Gothenburg, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Hanover, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Johannesburg–Tambo, Kiev–Boryspil, Kinshasa–N'djili, Lagos, Libreville, Lima, Lisbon, Ljubljana, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Lorient, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid (ends 30 March 2019), Manchester (ends 30 March 2019), Malabo, Marseille, Marrakesh, Mauritius, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Montpellier, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nairobi–Kenyatta, N'Djamena, Nantes, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Nuremberg, Oran, Osaka–Kansai, Ouagadougou, Palma de Mallorca, Panama City, Papeete, Pau, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Prague, Punta Cana, Rabat, Rennes, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Santiago, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tbilisi (begins 31 March 2019),[24][25] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulon, Toulouse, Tunis, Turin, Vancouver, Venice–Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Wrocław, Yaoundé, Wuhan, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Agadir, Bari, Cagliari, Dallas/Fort Worth (resumes 31 March 2019),[26] Dubrovnik, Ibiza, Malé, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Perpignan, Sofia, St. Maarten
Seasonal charter: Fort-de-France
Air India Delhi
Air Madagascar Antananarivo
Air Malta Malta
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Nostrum Santander
Air Senegal Dakar–Diass (begins 1 February 2019)[27]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Tahiti Nui Los Angeles, Papeete[28]
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau, Québec City,[29] Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Vancouver
Air Saint-Pierre Seasonal: Saint-Pierre
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines France[30] Algiers, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Calvi, Chlef, Oujda
Seasonal charter: Aswan (begins 2 February 2019),[31] Eilat–Ovda,[31] Kittilä,[31] Luxor,[31] Rhodes,[31] Rovaniemi[31]
AtlasGlobal Istanbul–Atatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Azores Airlines Seasonal: Ponta Delgada
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest–Henri Coandă,[32] Turin
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Corendon Airlines Antalya
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split, Zadar
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines[33] Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
easyJet[34] Barcelona, Belfast–International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel, Biarritz, Bristol, Budapest, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Faro, Glasgow–International, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, London–Stansted (begins 31 March 2019),[35] Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Pau (begins 4 February 2019),[36] Porto, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Toulouse, Venice–Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia, Bilbao, Corfu, Figari, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Split, Tenerife–South
EgyptAir Cairo
Seasonal: Luxor
El Al[37] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Hamburg
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
Seasonal: Kittilä[38]
Flybe Birmingham, Cardiff, Doncaster Sheffield, Edinburgh, Exeter, Manchester, Southampton
flybmi Bristol
FlyOne Seasonal: Chișinău[39]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Dalaman
Germania Pristina
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Gulf Air Bahrain
Hainan Airlines Chongqing (begins 19 December 2018),[40] Shenzhen (begins 21 December 2018),[41] Xi'an
Iberia Seasonal: Vigo
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[42]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
Seasonal: Tokyo–Narita[43]
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford
Jet Airways Chennai,[44] Mumbai
Joon[45] Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Budapest, Cairo, Cape Town, Fortaleza, Istanbul–Atatürk, Lisbon, Madrid (begins 31 March 2019), Manchester (begins 31 March 2019), Mumbai, Naples, Oslo–Gardermoen, Porto, Quito (begins 14 May 2019),[46] Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Mahé,[47] St. Maarten[48]
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
Level Vienna[49]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg City
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Seasonal: Tivat
Nordica Seasonal: Tallinn
Norwegian Air Shuttle[50] Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Oakland, Orlando, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Denver
Oman Air Muscat
Onur Air Istanbul–Atatürk
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore
Pegasus Airlines Ankara (begins 17 December 2018)[51]
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SmartWings[52] Seasonal: Heraklion, Ostrava, Prague, Rhodes, Tenerife–South
Sun D'Or Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
SunExpress Ankara,[53] Antalya, İzmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAROM Bucharest–Henri Coandă
Tassili Airlines Algiers
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Shannon[54]
TUIfly Belgium[55] Seasonal: Málaga
Seasonal charter: Athens, Burgas, Cagliari, Djerba, Faro, Heraklion, Lamezia Terme, Menorca, Podgorica, Split, Varna
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Tozeur
Turkish Airlines Ankara,[56] Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018),[57] Istanbul–Havalimanı (begins 1 January 2019),[57] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent,[58] Urgench
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Vueling[59] Barcelona, Fuerteventura, Granada, Gran Canaria, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Naples, Prague, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Venice, Vienna
Seasonal: Bari, Ibiza, Rome–Fiumicino, Tangier
WestJet Calgary (begins 17 May 2019)[60]
Seasonal: Halifax
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou[61]
XL Airways France[62] Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort-de-France (PSO), Jinan, Pointe-à-Pitre (PSO), Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, Saint–Denis de la Réunion, Samaná, San Francisco, San Salvador (Bahamas), St. Maarten, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo [63]
Air France Cargo Algiers, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bamako, Bangui, Boston, Brazzaville, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Dammam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Guadalajara, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mexico City, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, N'Djamena, Niamey, New York–JFK, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Prestwick, Saint Denis de la Réunion, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
ASL Airlines France Bordeaux, Brest, Lorient, Lourdes, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Pau, Toulouse
Cathay Pacific Cargo Delhi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Mumbai
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Vienna
DHL Aviation Casablanca, Cincinnati, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum [64]
FedEx Express Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Birmingham, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Stansted, Madrid, Memphis, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Munich, Newark, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Vienna
FedEx Feeder Belfast–International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Lyon, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Shannon, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Warsaw–Chopin
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
MNG Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Luton
Swiftair Madrid
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Louisville

Ground transportation

Terminal 2, CDGVAL station
Terminal 2E, LISA station
RER station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV
Train station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV

CDGVAL

The airport's terminals are served by a free automated shuttle rail system, consisting of two lines (CDGVAL and LISA). The shuttle train connects both railway stations for Terminals 1/3 and Terminal 2 in 8 minutes. It is based on the VAL design used in several French cities.

RER

Charles de Gaulle airport is connected to central Paris by the RER B Regional-Express services (€10.30 one-way as of September 2017[65]). During off-peak hours and weekends, there are two types of services:

  1. 4 trains per hour to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse calling at all intermediate stations to Cité Universitaire, then Bourg-la-Reine, La Croix de Berny, Antony, Massy–Palaiseau and then all stations to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse.
  2. 4 trains per hour to Massy–Palaiseau (on the Saint-Rémy line), non-stop express until Gare du Nord and then all stations to Massy–Palaiseau.

The express RER B only call at the railway stations of Terminal 1 (also for Terminal 3) and Terminal 2 before Gare du Nord. Journey time is 30–35 minutes. The stopping RER B take about 35–40 minutes and is sometimes overtaken by the express RER B trains.

RER B is jointly operated by SNCF and RATP (Transport for Paris), but the Regional-Express used to suffer from slowness and overcrowding. For these reasons, French authorities have started two projects: CDG Express,[66] which is supposed to link Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station (next to Gare du Nord) from 2023 with trains specifically designed for air travellers; RER B Nord Plus,[67] which modernised and streamlined RER B rail traffic and network north of Gare du Nord from 2008 to 2013 then renovated the trains from 2010 to 2015.

TGV

Terminal 2 includes a TGV station on the LGV Interconnexion Est high-speed line. SNCF operates direct TGV services to several French stations from CDG, including Lille, Strasbourg, Dijon, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, Poitiers, Rennes, Toulon, as well as services to Brussels in Belgium.

Bus

After the last RER B service at 23:50, the Noctilien (Night Lines) N143 and N140 depart every 30 minutes and hour respectively from Terminal 1 Door D12, Terminal 2F Door 2 and Roissypôle coach station. Both bus lines run to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station.

Long-distance bus

Since 17 December 2012, SNCF's national and international coach network, OUIBUS, serves Charles de Gaulle Airport, by terminal 3, station CDG 1 to London, Lyon, Lille and Brussels. Flixbus serves CDG from at least Brussels and Amsterdam.

Car

Charles de Gaulle Airport is directly connected to Autoroute A1 which connects Paris and Lille.

Alternative airports

The two other airports serving Paris are Orly Airport (south of Paris, the other major airport in Paris) and Le Bourget Airport (for general aviation and private jets).

Some low-cost airlines also advertise Beauvais–Tillé Airport and Châlons Vatry Airport, respectively 85 km and 165 km from Paris proper, as serving "Paris" with Paris–Beauvais and Paris–Vatry. Beauvais airport has no railway connections, but there is a shuttle bus to central Paris 15 times daily.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 6 January 1993, Lufthansa Flight 5634 from Bremen to Paris, which was carried out under the Lufthansa CityLine brand using a Contact Air Dash 8–300 (registered D-BEAT), hit the ground 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) short of the runway of Charles de Gaulle Airport, resulting in the death of four out of the 23 passengers on board. The four crew members survived. The accident occurred after the pilot had to abort the final approach to the airport because the runway had been closed: the aircraft immediately ahead, a Korean Air Boeing 747, had suffered a blown tire upon landing.[69]
  • On 25 July 2000, a Concorde, Air France Flight 4590 from Charles de Gaulle to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, crashed into Les Relais Bleus Hotel in Gonesse, killing everyone on the aircraft and four people on the ground. Investigations concluded that a tire burst on take-off due to metal left on the runway from a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 that departed shortly before, leading to a ruptured fuel tank and resulting in engine failure and other damage. Concorde was conducting a charter flight for a German tour company.
  • On 25 May 2001, a freight-carrying Short SH36 (operated as Streamline flight 200), departing to Luton, England, collided on the runway with departing Air Liberté flight 8807, an MD-83 jet. The first officer of the SH36 was killed when the wing tip of the MD-83 tore through his side of the flight deck. The captain was slightly injured and all others aboard survived.

Theft

  • In December 2006, 20 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[70]
  • In 2007, 19 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[70]
  • In September 2008, 12 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing goods from luggages worth 450,000 euros.[71]
  • In February 2011, 20 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing from the luggage of passengers.[72]
  • In November 2012, 11 baggage handlers and 2 maintenance workers were arrested for stealing valuable items from luggage.[73]
  • In December 2015, an airport worker was arrested for taking €20,000 which was dropped by the Moroccan ambassador to the United States, Mohamed Rachad Bouhlal, in the Air France VIP lounge.[74]

Animals

The grassy lands on which the airport is located are notorious for rabbits and hares, which can be seen by passengers at certain times of the day. The airport organises periodic hunts and captures to keep the population to manageable levels.[75]

Statistics

Charles de Gaulle Airport Passenger Totals (millions)
Source: Airports Council International[citation needed]

The following table shows total passenger numbers. [76]

Year Passengers
Jan-Nov 2018 66,604,430 (+4%)
2017 69,471,442 (+5.4%)
2016 65,933,145 (+0.3%)
2015 65,766,986 (+3.1%)
2014 63,813,756 (+2.8%)
2013 62,052,917 (+0.7%)
2012 61,611,934 (+1%)
2011 60,970,551 (+4.8%)
2010 58,167,062 (+0.5%)
2009 57,906,866 (−4.3%)
2008 60,874,681 (+1.5%)
Busiest European Routes to/from Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers 2017 Change %
1 Spain Barcelona, Spain 1,290,861 Increase7.6
2 Netherlands Amsterdam 1,264,921 Increase5.7
3 United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,207,929 Increase4.5
4 Italy Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 1,134,576 Increase1.1
5 Spain Madrid, Spain 1,106,769 Increase3.0
6 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 944,089 Increase3.1
7 Germany Munich, Germany 935,665 Increase20.0
8 Turkey Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 897,354 Increase2.2
9 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark 884,285 Increase6.0
10 Austria Vienna, Austria 807,667 Increase7.8
Busiest Intercontinental Routes to/from Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers 2017 Change %
1  USA, New York-JFK 1,598,634 Increase6.5
2  UAE, Dubai-International 1,275,984 Increase8.9
3  Canada, Montreal–Trudeau 1,108,764 Increase10.3
4  China, Shanghai (Pudong) 918,756 Increase7.7
5  Israel, Tel Aviv 855,725 Increase10.7
6  Algeria, Algiers 809,508 Increase3.0
7 Qatar Doha 786,942 Increase6.7
8  USA, Atlanta 761,191 Increase3.2
9  China, Beijing (Capital) 631,908 Increase7.5
10  UAE, Abu Dhabi 584,316 Increase16.5
11  South Korea, Seoul–Incheon 558,234 Decrease0.3
12  Lebanon, Beirut 534,706 Increase4.1
13  Hong_Kong, Hong Kong 534,618 Increase1.1
14  USA, Los Angeles 518,742 Increase9.2
15  Japan, Tokyo-Haneda 504,738 Increase6.5
16  Canada, Toronto-Pearson 498,762 Increase10.3
17  Thailand, Bangkok (Suvarnabhumi) 485,428 Decrease3.3
18  Singapore, Singapore 472,518 Increase5.4
19  USA, San Francisco 452,736 Increase4.2
20  India, Mumbai 395,784 Increase10.8
21  USA, Washington-Dulles, USA 342,756 Increase2.4

Busiest International Routes to/from Paris Airport System[77] to/from other airport systems[78][79]

Rank Metropolitan area Passengers 2017 Airport(s) included
1. Spain Barcelona 2,462,000 Barcelona-El Prat Airport
2. United Kingdom London 2,300,000 Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Luton, City, Southend
3. Spain Madrid 2,257,000 Adolfo Suarez Madrid-Barajas Airport
4. United States New York City 2,131,000 John F. Kennedy International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport
5. Portugal Lisbon 1,949,000 Lisbon Airport
6. Italy Milan 1,873,000 Milan-Malpensa Airport, Linate Airport
7. Italy Rome 1,809,000 Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport
8. Algeria Algiers 1,639,000 Houari Boumediene Airport
9. Netherlands Amsterdam 1,420,000 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
10. Turkey Istanbul 1,241,000 Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
11. Morocco Casablanca 1,196,000 Mohammed V International Airport
12. Canada Montréal 1,183,000 Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
13. Germany Berlin 1,164,000 Berlin Tegel Airport, Schönefeld Airport
14. Italy Venise 1,158,000 Venice Marco Polo Airport
15. United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,148,000 Dubai International Airport
16. Portugal Porto 1,104,000 Porto Airport
17. Israel Tel Aviv-Jaffa 1,076,000 Ben Gurion Airport
18. Switzerland Geneva 1,071,000 Geneva Airport
19. Tunisia Tunis 986,000 Tunis-Carthage International Airport
20. Germany Frankfurt 946,000 Frankfurt Airport

See also

References

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External links

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
  • Media related to Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage

General

  • Aéroports de Paris (official website) (in English)
  • Aéroport de Paris Charles de Gaulle (Union des Aéroports Français) (in French)
  • Accident history for CDG at Aviation Safety Network

Collapse of Terminal 2E

  • Official report of the administrative enquiry commission (in French)
  • Photos of Terminal 2E before and after the collapse and during reconstruction
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