Rockwell HiMAT

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Rockwell HiMAT
HIMAT.jpg
HiMAT in flight
Role Experimental remotely piloted aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Rockwell International
First flight July 27, 1979 (1979-07-27)
Retired January 1983 (1983-02)
Status On display
Primary user NASA
Produced 1975-1979
Number built 2

The Rockwell RPRV-870 HiMAT (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology) is an experimental remotely piloted aircraft that was produced for a NASA program to develop technologies for future fighter aircraft. Among the technologies explored were close-coupled canards, fully digital flight control (including propulsion), composite materials (graphite and fiberglass), remote piloting, synthetic vision systems, winglets, and others.

Two aircraft were produced by Rockwell International. Their first flights took place in 1979, and testing was completed in 1983.

Design and development

The HiMATs were remotely piloted, as the design team decided that it would be cheaper and safer to not to risk a pilot's life during the experiments. This also meant that no ejection seat would have to be fitted. The aircraft was flown by a pilot in a remote cockpit, and control signals up-linked from the flight controls in the remote cockpit on the ground to the aircraft, and aircraft telemetry downlinked to the remote cockpit displays. The remote cockpit could be configured with either nose camera video or with a 3D synthetic vision display called a "visual display".[1] The aircraft were launched from a B-52 Stratofortress at altitude. There was also a TF-104G Starfighter chase plane with a set of backup controls which could take control of the HiMAT in the event that the remote pilot on the ground lost control.[2]

Advances in digital flight control gained during the project contributed to the Grumman X-29 experimental aircraft, and composite construction are used widely on both commercial and military aircraft.[2]

Aircraft on display

The two HiMAT aircraft are now on display, one at the National Air and Space Museum and the other at the Armstrong Flight Research Center.[3]

Specifications

Rockwell HiMAT RPRV-870 3 plan view.gif

Data from Boeing.com[4][5]

General characteristics

Performance

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Sarrafian, Shahan K. (August 1984). Simulator Evaluation of a Remotely Piloted Vehicle Lateral Landing Task Using a Visual Display. NASA. OCLC 11977763. Technical memorandum 85903; Accession number N84-29885.
  2. ^ a b Gibbs, Yvonne, ed. (February 28, 2014). "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology". NASA. FS-025-DFRC. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  3. ^ Smith, Yvette, ed. (April 1, 2009). "April Fool! Look What's in Kevin Petersen's Parking Space!". NASA. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  4. ^ "HiMAT Research Vehicle: Historical Snapshot". Boeing. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  5. ^ Simonsen, Erik (May 2007). "Turning time ahead" (PDF). Boeing Frontiers: 8–9.

Further reading

  • Kempel, Robert W.; Earls, Michael R. (1988). Flight Control Systems Development and Flight Test Experience with the HiMAT Research Vehicles. NASA. OCLC 22037291. Technical paper 2822; Accession number N89-15929.
  • Duke, Eugene L.; Jones, Frank P.; Roncoli, Ralph B. (1986). Development and Flight Test of an Experimental Maneuver Autopilot for a Highly Maneuverable Aircraft. NASA. OCLC 21916352. Technical report 2618; Accession number N88-21153.

External links

  • HiMAT Research Vehicle at Boeing.com

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