Robert J. Flynn

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Robert James Flynn
1967-11 1967年8月21日航空兵第18师第52大队在广西击落美国海军A-6飞行官罗伯特·J·弗林 Robert J. Flynn.jpg
Flynn following his capture in 1967
Born (1937-09-15)September 15, 1937
La Crosse, Wisconsin
Died May 15, 2014 (2014-05-16) (aged 76)
Gulf Breeze, Florida
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1958-85
Rank Commander
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star
Prisoner of War Medal

Robert James Flynn (September 15, 1937 – May 15, 2014) was a Commmander and Naval Flight Officer bombardier/navigator in the United States Navy. As a Lieutenant, he was captured by the Chinese in August 1967 after the A-6 Intruder he was flying in on a mission over North Vietnam was shot down. Flynn and his pilot, along with another A-6 Intruder crew, were evading North Vietnamese jets following their mission over Hanoi when they strayed over the border into Chinese air space. Downed just over the Chinese border, Flynn was apprehended by the Chinese and held in China as a Prisoner of War where he was tortured and held almost exclusively in solitary confinement for five and a half years.

Early life

Flynn was born in La Crosse, Wisconsin and was raised in Houston, Minnesota, he attended the University of Minnesota.[1]

US Navy career

On July 6, 1958, he joined the United States navy as a cadet.[2] On June 20, 1960, he was designated as a Naval Flight Officer. He completed A-3D training with VAH-123 at NAS Whidbey Island from June 1960 to January 1961 he served as an A-3D navigator with VAH-8 from January 1961 to June 1963. From June 1963 to March 1966 he served as an A-6A Intruder instructor bombardier/navigator with VA-85 at NAS Oceana. VA-85 deployed on USS Kitty Hawk from March to August 1966. He transferred to VA-196 at NAS Whidbey Island in August 1966. In May 1967 VA-196 was deployed on the USS Constellation for deployment to Vietnam.

Capture

On 21 August 1967 four A-6A Intruders of VA-196 were launched from USS Constellation for an attack on the Duc Noi railyard in northern Hanoi. Lieutenant Commander Jimmy L. Buckley (pilot) and Lieutenant Flynn (bombardier/navigator) were the crew of A-6A [BuNo 152625/NK 400] which was hit by enemy fire on approach to the target area but continued with their attack. Over the target area the flight encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire and SAMs, A-6A [BuNo 152638/NK 410] was hit by enemy fire and both crewmen, Lieutenant Commander William M. Hardman and Captain Leo T. Profilet, ejected successfully but were captured. The remaining three A-6s left the target area in loose formation and were forced to head north to avoid bad weather, one of the aircraft sighted MiGs and two of the A-6s were tracked heading towards the Chinese border with two Shenyang J-6 fighters in pursuit. A-6A [BuNo 152627/NK 402] was shot down north of the Chinese border and both crewmen, Lieutenant j.g Forrest Trembley[3] (pilot) and Lieutenant j.g. Dain Scott[4] (bombardier/navigator) were killed. A-6A '400' was also shot down, Lieutenant Commander Buckley[5] was killed, while Lieutenant Flynn ejected successfully but was also captured. Later that day Chinese government radio confirmed that they had shot down two aircraft inside Chinese territory and that one crewman had been captured. Lieutenant Flynn believed that the Chinese fighters had attacked their flight over North Vietnamese territory, but US radar showed that the two A-6s were at least 11 miles (18 km) inside Chinese territory when they were shot down.[6]

Flynn was taken to Peking where he was held in solitary confinement for the next five and a half years.He was constantly tortured and was demanded to sign a confession that stated that he was a criminal who had violated Chinese airpsace. Flynn refused to cooperate.[2]

Release

Due to improving US-China relations following President Richard Nixon's historic 1972 visit to China, Lieutenant Flynn was released on 15 March 1973, crossing the land border into British Hong Kong.[1]

Post-release

Flynn returned to US Navy duty as an A-6 bombardier/navigator, serving as an A-6 instructor bombardier/navigator with VA-128 at NAS Whidbey Island from November 1973 until February 1975. He served as a bombardier/navigator with VA-165 from February 1975 until June 1976 when he completed his degree at the University of Washington. He served as executive officer and then commanded NFO Training Squadron 86 at Naval Air Station Pensacola from August 1977 to October 1980. From October 1980 to November 1981 he served as Executive Officer of Fleet Combat Training Center. His final assignment was as Director of Aviation Warfare Training with Chief of Naval Education and Training at NAS Pensacola[2] from November 1981 until his retirement with the rank of Commander in November 1985.[6] He was awarded the Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star with "V" and two gold stars and the Prisoner of War Medal.[7]

Flynn died of a heart attack at the age of 76 on May 15, 2014 in Gulf Breeze, Florida, (resided in Pensacola, Florida).[8][1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Robert J. Flynn, Shot Down in Vietnam War and Held in China, Dies at 76". New York Times. 24 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Borch, Fred L. (2010). For Military Merit - Recipients of the Purple Heart. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 119 – 121. ISBN 978-1-59114-086-3. 
  3. ^ "LCDR J Forrest George Trembley". The Virtual Wall. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "LCDR Dain Vanderlin Scott". The Virtual Wall. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "LCDR Jimmy Lee Buckley". The Virtual Wall. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Morgan, Rick (2012). A-6 Intruder Units of the Vietnam War. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781782003281. 
  7. ^ "Valor awards for Robert J. Flynn". Military Times. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Services today for American hero Robert Flynn". 
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