Robert Francis Withers Allston

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Robert Francis Withers Allston
Allston portrait by Flagg small.jpg
R F W Allston, c. 1850
67th Governor of South Carolina
In office
December 10, 1856 – December 10, 1858
Lieutenant Gabriel Cannon
Preceded by James Hopkins Adams
Succeeded by William Henry Gist
President of the South Carolina Senate
In office
November 25, 1850 – December 10, 1856
Pro tempore: December 14, 1847 – November 25, 1850
Governor David Johnson
Whitemarsh B. Seabrook
John Hugh Means
John Lawrence Manning
James Hopkins Adams
Preceded by Angus Patterson
Succeeded by James Chesnut, Jr.
Member of the South Carolina Senate from Georgetown District
In office
December 12, 1834 – December 10, 1856
Preceded by Himself
Succeeded by John I. Middleton
In office
November 25, 1833 – November 24, 1834
Preceded by John Harleston Read
Succeeded by Himself
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Georgetown District
In office
November 21, 1828 – November 26, 1832
Personal details
Born (1801-04-21)April 21, 1801
Waccamaw, South Carolina
Died April 7, 1864(1864-04-07) (aged 62)
Georgetown County, South Carolina
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Adele Petigru
Alma mater United States Military Academy
Profession Statesman
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1821–1822
Rank Second lieutenant

Robert Francis Withers Allston (April 21, 1801 – April 7, 1864) was the 67th Governor of South Carolina. He was born in Waccamaw, South Carolina.

He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1821, and briefly served as second lieutenant of artillery before resigning in February 1822.

He was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1828, serving in that body through 1831. In 1834, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate, serving in that body until 1856, while their he was appointed Senate President in 1847 and was involved in several disputed elections involving the Prince George Winyah S.C. Senate seat, in large part because of his staunch support of nullification. From 1856 to 1858 he served as Governor of South Carolina. Following South Carolina's secession, he was a Confederate presidential elector.

After the civil war he spent his last few years trying to save his vast landholdings throughout the Pee Dee region, primarily in Georgetown District.[citation needed]

His family was able to maintain two houses in Georgetown and several plantations, including the Allston ancestral home on the Pee Dee River, Chicora Wood — one of the five plantations Robert Allston owned, with over 9500 acres and at least 690 enslaved Blacks. Making him the eighth largest slave holder in United States history. On his farms he primarily grew rice and published several works on rice planting, including the well-regarded Memoir of the Introduction and Planting of Rice in South-Carolina (1843) and Essay on Sea Coast Crops (1854).

See also


  • Who Was Who in America:Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Quincy Who's Who, 1967.
  • South Carolima encyclopedia.

External links

  • SCIway Biography of Robert Francis Withers Allston
  • NGA Biography of Robert Francis Withers Allston
  • Service Profile
Political offices
Preceded by
James Hopkins Adams
Governor of South Carolina
Succeeded by
William Henry Gist

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