Robe, South Australia

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Robe
South Australia
RobeSAaerial2.jpg
Aerial photograph
Robe is located in South Australia
Robe
Robe
Coordinates 37°09′0″S 139°45′0″E / 37.15000°S 139.75000°E / -37.15000; 139.75000Coordinates: 37°09′0″S 139°45′0″E / 37.15000°S 139.75000°E / -37.15000; 139.75000
Population 1,246 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1846[2]
Postcode(s) 5276
Location
LGA(s) District Council of Robe
Region Limestone Coast[3]
County County of Robe[2]
State electorate(s) MacKillop[4]
Federal Division(s) Barker [5]
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.1 °C
65 °F
10.9 °C
52 °F
631.5 mm
24.9 in
Localities around Robe:
Ocean Guichen Bay Mount Benson
Ocean Robe Mount Benson
Bray
Ocean Nora Creina Nora Creina
Bray
Footnotes Climatic data[6]
Adjoining localities[2]

Robe is a town and fishing port located in the Limestone Coast of South Australia. The town's distinctive combination of historical buildings, ocean, fishing fleets, lakes and dense bush is widely appreciated. Robe lies on the southern shore of Guichen Bay, just off the Princes Highway. At the 2006 census, Robe had a population of 1,246.[1] Robe is the main town in the District Council of Robe local government area. It is in the state electorate of MacKillop and the federal Division of Barker.

History

Robe, one of the oldest towns in South Australia, was founded by the colonial government as a seaport, administrative centre and village just ten years after the Province of South Australia was established.

Robe was named after the fourth Governor of South Australia, Major Frederick Robe, who chose the site as a port in 1845. The town was proclaimed as a port in 1847. It became South Australia's second-busiest (after Port Adelaide) international port in the 1850s. Robe's trade was drawn from a large hinterland that extended into western Victoria, and many roadside inns were built to cater for the bullock teamsters bringing down the wool, including the 'Bush Inn' still standing on the outskirts of Robe. Exports included horses and sheep skins and wool. The Customs House has been listed on the South Australian Heritage Register since 1980.[7] A stone obelisk was built on Cape Dombey in 1852 to assist ships to navigate safely into the bay. Even so, there have been a number of shipwrecks along the coast in the area. An automatic lighthouse was built on higher ground in 1973.

During the Victorian gold rushes around 1857, over 16,000 Chinese people landed at Robe to travel overland to the goldfields, as Victoria introduced a landing tax of £10 per person (more than the cost of their voyage) to reduce the number of Chinese immigrants. The immigrants then walked the 200 miles (320 km) to Ballarat and Bendigo.

Robe's importance decreased with the advent of railways which did not come to the town. It became a local service centre for the surrounding rural areas. It is still home to a fleet of fishing boats. Especially important are the local lobsters.

Heritage listings

Robe has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Environment

Climate

Climate data for Robe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.2
(102.6)
39.6
(103.3)
35.8
(96.4)
31.7
(89.1)
26.5
(79.7)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
22.8
(73)
26.6
(79.9)
33.3
(91.9)
36.5
(97.7)
37.1
(98.8)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
21.1
(70)
18.8
(65.8)
16.4
(61.5)
14.3
(57.7)
13.6
(56.5)
14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.1
(64.6)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.7
(56.7)
12.7
(54.9)
11.5
(52.7)
10.2
(50.4)
8.8
(47.8)
8.1
(46.6)
8.5
(47.3)
9.2
(48.6)
10.3
(50.5)
11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.1
(41.2)
5.0
(41)
2.2
(36)
0.8
(33.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.2
(32.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
3.2
(37.8)
3.9
(39)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.1
(0.791)
18.0
(0.709)
26
(1.02)
46.0
(1.811)
73.0
(2.874)
95
(3.74)
104.
(4.09)
86.0
(3.386)
59.0
(2.323)
44.0
(1.732)
30.0
(1.181)
27.0
(1.063)
631.0
(24.843)
Source: [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Robe (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b c "Search result for "Cape Northumberland (Locality Bounded)" (Record no. SA0058661) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Place names (gazetteer) and "Development Plan Layers"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Limestone Coast SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "District of MacKillop Background Profile". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "Federal electoral division of Barker" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Climate Statistics For Robe". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. 
  7. ^ "Nautical Museum (former Robe Customs House)". Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Robe Cemetery". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Cape Dombey Obelisk". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Robe House (former Government Residence)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "The Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Chapel and Schoolroom". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Dwelling ('Karatta House')". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Dwelling ('Lakeside')". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "'Lakeside' Stables and Coach House". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Richmond Park Homestead". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Former Bush Inn". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Dwellings (former Robe Post Office & Telegraph Station)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Dwelling ('The Hermitage' Homestead Complex)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "Former CSIRO Field Research Station (including shed, water tank, yard fencing and gates)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Dwelling ('Dingley Dell')". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Dwelling ('Bellevue Homestead')". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "Former Robe Gaol (Ruin)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Royal Circus and Seawall, including remains of slipway and Chinese Memorial". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "Nautical Museum (former Robe Customs House)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  25. ^ "Robe Institute". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "Dwelling (former Criterion Hotel)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "Robe Courthouse, Police Station, Old Cells & Stables". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  28. ^ "Dwelling ('Ormerod Cottages') (former Old Barracks)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  29. ^ "Bank House (former Bank of South Australia Robe Branch)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  30. ^ "Shop & Cottages (formerly Campbell's Shop)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  31. ^ "Dwelling (former Davison's Shop and Residence)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  32. ^ "Graymasts - Former Woolstore and attached Cottage". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  33. ^ "Dwelling ('Moorakyne House') (former Green Gables)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  34. ^ "Dwelling ('Granny Banks' Cottage') (former Crazy Cottage)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  35. ^ "Caledonian Inn". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  36. ^ "Eating House (former Wilson's Saddlery)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  37. ^ "Office (former Attic House)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 

Further reading

  • Susan Marsden, A glimpse of golden days, District Council of Robe, 1985.

External links

  • District Council of Robe
  • South Australian History - Robe
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