Richardson Dilworth

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Richardson Dilworth
Richardson Dilworth.jpg
Dilworth in 1961
117th Mayor of Philadelphia
In office
January 2, 1956 – February 12, 1962
Preceded by Joe Clark
Succeeded by James Tate
16th District Attorney of Philadelphia
In office
January 7, 1952 – January 2, 1956
Preceded by John Maurer
Succeeded by Victor Blanc
Personal details
Born (1898-08-29)August 29, 1898
Pittsburgh
Died January 23, 1974(1974-01-23) (aged 75)
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Ann Elizabeth Kaufman
Children Deborah and Richardson, Jr.
Alma mater Yale University
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Rank Major
Battles/wars World War I
World War II

Richardson K. Dilworth (August 29, 1898 – January 23, 1974)[1] was an American Democratic Party politician who served as the 117th Mayor of Philadelphia from 1956 to 1962. He twice ran as the Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania, in 1950 and in 1962.

Education and early career

He was born in Pittsburgh to Joseph Richardson Dilworth and Annie Hunter (Wood) Dilworth. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in World War I and was commissioned as an officer in World War II. In 1938, he joined the law firm of Dilworth Paxson.[2][3] In 1921 he graduated from Yale University, where he was a member of Scroll and Key and Delta Kappa Epsilon, and lettered for the varsity football team. In 1926 he graduated from Yale Law School, afterwards becoming an attorney in Philadelphia. On August 6, 1935, he married Ann Elizabeth Kaufman. They had a daughter, Deborah, and a son, Richardson, Jr.[citation needed]

Political career

Dilworth had grown up as a Republican, but became a Democrat out of frustration with the city's longstanding Republican machine. Along with Joe Clark and others, he was at the forefront of a post-World War II reform movement in Philadelphia that led to the adoption of a modern city charter that consolidated city and county offices and introduced civil service examinations on a broad scale to replace much of the existing patronage system.[citation needed]

Dilworth initially ran for mayor in 1947 against incumbent Republican Barney Samuel. Samuel was seeking his second full term in office, after assuming office following the death of Robert Lamberton in 1941. Dilworth was ultimately defeated by over 90,000 votes;[4] however, the election marked the last time, to date, that a Republican was elected Mayor of Philadelphia. In 1949, Dilworth was elected City Treasurer, while Clark was elected City Controller. Dilworth ran for Governor in the 1950 election, losing a close race to John Fine. In 1951, he was elected Philadelphia District Attorney, while Clark was elected mayor. Clark and Dilworth's inaugurations ended a 67-year period of uninterrupted Republican control of the city (and instituted a period of uninterrupted Democratic control which has persisted past the year 2017). In 1955, Dilworth was elected Mayor, defeating Thacher Longstreth.[citation needed]

During their tenures as mayor, Clark and Dilworth introduced a variety of reforms and innovations. Among these was extensive high-rise public housing which would, a generation later, be condemned by many as a breeding ground for poverty and crime. However, they also greatly strengthened the city planning function of Philadelphia city government. Both retained Edmund Bacon as Executive Director of the Philadelphia City Planning Commission, and the Clark-Dilworth era is recognized as a high-water mark for planning, during which the decline of Center City Philadelphia as a commercial and residential center was reversed and priority was given (particularly during Dilworth's administration) to saving the city's historic and irreplaceable Society Hill district. Dilworth resigned as mayor on February 12, 1962, to launch a second bid for governor.[5]

Despite President John F. Kennedy's work on his behalf, Dilworth lost the fall general election by a half million votes to progressive Republican Congressman Bill Scranton, in what scholars considered "one of the bitterest [campaigns] in Pennsylvania history." Scranton had run for governor (with fellow progressive Raymond P. Shafer for lieutenant governor) after a deeply divisive Republican primary involving Philadelphia Republican boss Billy Meehan's candidate, Judge Robert E. Woodside, and five other candidates. Republicans also carried both houses of the state legislature in that landslide election.[6]

Personal

With his wife, Ann Dilworth, was a passenger on the SS Andrea Doria, an ocean liner that collided with the MS Stockholm near Nantucket, Massachusetts on July 25, 1956, and subsequently sank.[7] They were saved, and Dilworth was on board the last lifeboat that was picked up by the SS Île de France.[8]

After being mayor

Following his tenure as mayor, Dilworth served as partner in the Philadelphia-based law firm of Dilworth Paxson LLP, which bears his name. He also served as president of the Philadelphia school board, and in 1971 was appointed one of two bankruptcy trustees (along with Andrew Lewis) for the Reading Company, a railroad company headquartered in Philadelphia.[citation needed]

Dilworth Park, adjacent to Philadelphia City Hall, is named in his honor.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "The Eisenhower Years". Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  2. ^ "History". Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  3. ^ Administrator. "A Timeline of Richardson Dilworth's Life". Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Philadelphia Mayor". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Politics: Another Try". Time. January 26, 1962. 
  6. ^ George Lewis, "Virginia's Northern Strategy: Southern Segregationists and the Route to National Conservatism, Journal of Southern History vol 72 issue 1 pp. 128-129 (Feb. 1, 2006).
  7. ^ "PBS Online - Lost Liners - Andrea Doria". Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Richardson Dilworth, 75, Dies; Twice Mayor of Philadelphia". New York Times. New York, NY. Associated Press. January 24, 1974. 

External links

  • Philadelphia City Archives' finding aid for Dilworth's mayoral correspondence and files
  • The Richardson Dilworth papers, covering a large part of his career as mayor, are available for research use at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Political offices
Preceded by
Joe Clark
Mayor of Philadelphia
1956–1962
Succeeded by
James Tate
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Maurer
District Attorney of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1952–1956
Succeeded by
Victor Blanc
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Rice
Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
1950
Succeeded by
George Leader
Preceded by
David Lawrence
Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
1962
Succeeded by
Milton Shapp
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