Richard le Grant

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Richard le Grant
Archbishop of Canterbury
Appointed 19 January 1229
Term ended 3 August 1231
Predecessor Walter d'Eynsham
Successor Ralph Neville
Orders
Consecration 10 June 1229
Personal details
Died 3 August 1231
Buried San Gemini, Italy

Richard le Grant[a] was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1229 to 1231.

Biography

Grant was a native of Nazeing, Essex and had a brother and sister whom he provided for after he became archbishop.[1] He was chancellor of the see of Lincoln when Henry III nominated him to be Archbishop of Canterbury in opposition to Walter d'Eynsham in 1229.[2] He had been chancellor of Lincoln since at least 16 December 1220, when he first occurs in documents in that office.[3] He was also a distinguished writer.[4] and teacher.[1]

Grant was provided to the see of Canterbury on 19 January 1229 by Pope Gregory IX,[2] and received the temporalities of the see probably on 24 March 1231. He was consecrated on 10 June 1229.[5] He was recommended for the see by Alexander de Stavenby, the Bishop of Coventry, and Henry Sandford, the Bishop of Rochester, who wrote to the pope on Richard's behalf.[1] On 26 January 1231, at a council at Westminster Grant, along with other bishops, objected to Henry III's earlier demand of a second scutage payment.[2] Grant found himself in conflict with Hubert de Burgh, the Justiciar, over the wardship of the de Clare estates at Towbridge, which conflict the archbishop lost after King Henry III of England sided with his justiciar.[1]

Grant then attempted to implement reforms in the clergy over the issue of pluralism and the employment of the clergy in the royal government. In pursuit of this aim, he journeyed to Rome to enlist the papacy's aid, but after a favourable reception at the Curia, he died on his return journey to England on 3 August 1231[1][5] in Italy.[6] He was buried in San Gemini in Umbria.[1]

It has been speculated that he is the same as Richard of Wetheringsett, the earliest known chancellor of the University of Cambridge, who served some time between 1215 and 1232, and author of the summa Qui bene presunt.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ Also known as Richard Grant or Richard Wethershed

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lawrence "Grant, Richard" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ a b c Powell and Wallis House of Lords pp. 150–151
  3. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 3: Lincoln: Chancellors
  4. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 162
  5. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 233
  6. ^ Powell and Wallis House of Lords p. 157
  7. ^ Goering "Summa Qui bene presunt Literature and Religion pp. 143-159

References

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Goering, Joseph W. (1995). "The Summa Qui bene presunt and its Author". In Newhauser, Richard G.; Alford, John A. Literature and Religion in the Later Middle Ages: Philological Studies in Honor of Siegfried Wenzel. Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies. Binghampton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies. pp. 143–159. ISBN 0-86698-172-1. 
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1977). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 3: Lincoln: Chancellors. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  • Lawrence, C. H. (2004). "Grant, Richard (d. 1231)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11283. Retrieved 8 November 2007. 
  • Moorman, John R. H. (1955). Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century (Revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 213820968. 
  • Powell, J. Enoch; Wallis, Keith (1968). The House of Lords in the Middle Ages: A History of the English House of Lords to 1540. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. OCLC 463626. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Walter d'Eynsham
Archbishop of Canterbury
1229–1231
Succeeded by
Ralph Neville
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