Richard Shope

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Richard Edwin Shope
Richard Edwin Shope.jpg
Richard Edwin Shope as a U.S. Navy officer
Born (1901-12-25)December 25, 1901
Died October 2, 1966(1966-10-02) (aged 64)
Nationality American
Citizenship United States
Alma mater University of Iowa
Known for
Identified Shope papilloma virus and main cause of 1918 pandemic as Influenza A virus
Spouse(s) Helen Ellis
Children 4
Scientific career
Fields Virologist
Academic advisors Dr. Paul Lewis
Influenced Erich Traub

Richard Edwin Shope (December 25, 1901 – October 2, 1966) was an American virologist who at the Rockefeller Institute identified influenzavirus A in pigs in 1931.[1] Using Shope's technique, Smith, Andrewes, and Laidlaw of England's Medical Research Council cultured it from a human in 1933.[1] They and Shope in 1935 and 1936, respectively, identified it as the virus circulating in the 1918 pandemic.[1] In 1933, Shope identified the Shope papillomavirus, which infects rabbits. It was the first human virus discovered.[2][3] His discovery later assist other researcher to link the Papilloma virus to warts and cervical cancer. He received the 1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award.[4]

His son Robert Shope was also a virologist, who specialised in arthropod-borne viruses.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Van Epps, HL (2006). "Influenza: Exposing the true killer". J Exp Med. 203 (4): 803. doi:10.1084/jem.2034fta. PMC 2118275. PMID 16685764.
  2. ^ "Human Papillomavirus". Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  3. ^ Shope RE, Hurst EW (1933). "Infectious papillomatosis of rabbits: with a not on the histopathology". J. Exp. Med. 58 (5): 607–624. doi:10.1084/jem.58.5.607. PMC 2132321. PMID 19870219.
  4. ^ Rockefeller University, "Awards & honors: Richard E Shope",, 28 Jul 2012 (Web: access date).
  5. ^ Frederick A. Murphy; Charles H. Calisher; Robert B. Tesh; David H. Walker (2004), "In Memoriam: Robert Ellis Shope: 1929–2004", Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10 (4): 762–65, doi:10.3201/eid1004.040156, PMC 3323084

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