Page protected with pending changes level 1

Richard B. Spencer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Richard B. Spencer
Richard b spencer cropped retouched.jpg
Spencer in 2016
Born Richard Bertrand Spencer
(1978-05-11) May 11, 1978 (age 40)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Residence Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Nationality American
Alma mater
Occupation Author, publisher
Known for
Home town Whitefish, Montana, U.S.
Political party Independent
Movement
Spouse(s) Nina Kouprianova

Richard Bertrand Spencer (born May 11, 1978)[1] is an American white supremacist.[2] He is president of the National Policy Institute, a white supremacist think tank, as well as Washington Summit Publishers. Spencer rejects the label of white supremacist and considers himself a white nationalist or white identitarian.[3][4][5] Spencer created the term "alt-right", which he considers a movement about "white identity".[6][7][8] Spencer advocates white-European unity and a "peaceful ethnic cleansing" of nonwhites from America,[9][10][11] criticizes Euroskepticism, and advocates the creation of a white ethno-state that would be open to all "racial Europeans", which Spencer considers a reconstitution of the Roman Empire.[12][13][14][15][16]

Spencer has been described as a neo-Nazi and has publicly engaged in Nazi rhetoric on multiple occasions.[17][18][19][20] In early 2016, Spencer was filmed giving the Nazi salute to Milo Yiannopoulos in a karaoke bar.[21] In the weeks following the 2016 U.S. presidential election, at a National Policy Institute conference, Spencer quoted from Nazi propaganda and denounced Jews.[8] In response to his cry "Hail Trump, hail our people, hail victory!", a number of his supporters gave the Nazi salute and chanted in a similar fashion to the Sieg Heil chant used at the Nazis' Nuremberg rallies.[22][23]

Spencer promotes his views through writing, media appearances, and college speaking tours. He was a featured speaker in the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, during which an alt-right supporter drove his car into a group of counter-protesters, killing one and maiming two others.[24][25][26] Spencer denies any role or culpability in the attack, but has been sued for allegedly acting as a "gang boss" at Charlottesville and inciting the killing.[27][28] After three other supporters of Spencer were charged with attempted homicide following Spencer's October 2017 speech at the University of Florida,[29] Ohio State and several other universities cancelled Spencer's appearances, describing his presence as a menace to public safety.[30] In 2018, Spencer suspended his college tour indefinitely.[31]

The majority of European nations, including the entire Schengen Area,[32] and nations with nationalist or ethno-nationalist governments,[33] have banned Spencer and condemned his message.[34] While promoting his message in a controversial speaking tour in Hungary, Spencer was mocked by the Hungarian newspaper Népszabadság for his claim to be a "racial European", which the newspaper said had no basis in European history, and for his call for "European unity" through a revival of the Roman Empire.[35] In the aftermath of the controversy, nationalist prime minister Viktor Orbán banned and condemned Spencer.[36] The nationalist government of Poland has also banned and formally condemned Spencer,[37] citing Spencer's Nazi rhetoric and the Nazis' genocide of Slavic "Untermenschen" during World War II.[38] In July 2018, Spencer was detained at Reykjavík airport en route to Sweden and ordered by Polish officials to return to the United States; the successful effort of the Poles to ban Spencer from other parts of Europe arises from the Schengen agreement.[39]

Early life

Spencer was born in Boston, Massachusetts,[40] the son of ophthalmologist Rand Spencer and Sherry Spencer (née Dickenhorst),[41][42] an heiress to cotton farms in Louisiana.[43] He grew up in Preston Hollow, Dallas, Texas.[44] In 1997, he graduated from St. Mark's School of Texas.[43] In 2001, Spencer received a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature and Music from the University of Virginia and, in 2003, a Master of Arts in the Humanities from the University of Chicago.[43] He spent the summer of 2005 and 2006 at the Vienna International Summer University.[45] From 2005 to 2007, he was a PhD student at Duke University studying modern European intellectual history, where he was a member of the Duke Conservative Union.[43][41] His website says he left Duke "to pursue a life of thought-crime."[46]

Activities

From March to December 2007, Spencer was assistant editor at The American Conservative magazine. According to founding editor Scott McConnell, Spencer was fired from The American Conservative because his views were considered too extreme.[41] From January 2008 to December 2009, he was executive editor of Taki's Magazine.[9]

In March 2010, Spencer founded AlternativeRight.com, a website he edited until 2012. He has stated that he created the term alt-right.[8]

In January 2011, Spencer became executive director of Washington Summit Publishers.[10] In 2012, Spencer founded Radix Journal as a biannual publication of Washington Summit Publishers.[9] Contributions have included articles by Kevin B. MacDonald, Alex Kurtagić, and Samuel T. Francis.[47] He also hosts a weekly podcast, Vanguard Radio.

In January 2011, Spencer also became president and director of the National Policy Institute (NPI), a think tank previously based in Virginia and Montana.[48] George Hawley, an assistant professor of political science at the University of Alabama, has described NPI as "rather obscure and marginalized" until Spencer became its president.[49]

In 2014, Spencer was deported from Budapest, Hungary, (and, because of the Schengen Agreement, banned from 26 countries in Europe for three years) after trying to organize the National Policy Institute Conference, a conference for white nationalists.[50][51]

On January 15, 2017 (Martin Luther King. Jr.'s birthday), Spencer launched AltRight.com, another commentary website for alt-right members.[52] According to Spencer, the site is a populist and big tent site for members of the alt-right.[53] Swedish publisher Daniel Friberg of Arktos Media is co-founder and European editor of the site.[54] The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the common thread among contributors as antisemitism rather than white nationalism or white supremacism in general.[55][56]  Notable contributors on AltRight.com include Henrik Palmgren and Jared Taylor.[57][58]

White nationalist protesters clash with police during the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia

On February 23, 2017, Spencer was removed from the Conservative Political Action Conference where he was giving statements to the press. A CPAC spokesman said he was removed from the event because other members found him "repugnant".[59]

On May 13, 2017, Spencer led a torch-lit protest in Charlottesville, Virginia, against the vote of the city council to remove a statue of Robert E. Lee, the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War.[60] Spencer led the crowd in chants of "You will not replace us" and "Blood and soil."[61][62] Michael Signer, the mayor of Charlottesville, called the protest "horrific" and stated that it was either "profoundly ignorant" or intended to instill fear among minorities "in a way that hearkens back to the days of the KKK."[61][60][63]

In August 2017, Spencer was listed on posters promoting the Charlottesville, Virginia, Unite the Right rally, which devolved into a notorious and violent confrontation.[64]

In November 2017, Twitter removed from Spencer's account the blue check mark that, reported The Washington Post, "the company gives to prominent accounts to help readers ensure they are authentic." Spencer told The Post he was worried this would lead to Twitter banning people like him.[65] He later joined the social network Gab.[66]

Public speaking

Spencer was invited to speak at Vanderbilt University in 2010 and Providence College in 2011 by Youth for Western Civilization.[67][68]

Short clip of Spencer speaking in November 2016

During a speech Spencer gave in mid-November 2016 at an alt-right conference attended by approximately 200 people in Washington, D.C., Spencer quoted Nazi propaganda in the original German and denounced Jews.[8] Audience members cheered and made the Nazi salute when he said, "Hail Trump, hail our people, hail victory!"[8][69] and extended his right arm with a glass to toast that victory.[70] Spencer later defended their conduct, stating that the Nazi salute was given in a spirit of "irony and exuberance".[71] It was later revealed that Spencer had made the Nazi salute at a karaoke bar in April 2016.[21]

Groups and events Spencer has spoken to include the Property and Freedom Society,[72] the American Renaissance conference,[73] and the HL Mencken Club.[74] In November 2016, an online petition to prevent Spencer from speaking at Texas A&M University on December 6, 2016, was signed by thousands of students, employees, and alumni.[75] A protest and a university-organized counter-event were held to coincide with Spencer's event.[76]

On January 20, 2017, Spencer attended the inauguration of Donald Trump. As he was giving an impromptu interview on a nearby street afterwards, a masked man punched Spencer in the face, then fled.[77][78] A video of the incident was posted online, leading to divergent views on whether the attack was appropriate.[79].

Shortly after the violent Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017, the University of Florida denied Spencer's request for a September 2017 speaking opportunity, citing public safety grounds after opposition from students and locals of Gainesville, Florida.[80] Due to safety reasons, he was also denied speaking requests at Louisiana State University and Michigan State University in August 2017.[81][82] In September 2017, Cameron Padgett, who tried to book Spencer, sued MSU; he was represented by Kyle Bristow, an MSU alumnus.[83][84].

On August 16, during a television interview with Channel 2 anchor Dany Cushmaro declared that “Jews are vastly over-represented in… ‘the establishment,’ that is, Ivy League educated people who really determine policy”[85]. Also he deserved the respect of Israelites, while making a closed comparison for his Jewish-like identity: "As someone who understands your identity…and the experience of the Jewish people, you should respect someone like me, who has analogue feelings about whites"[85]. He defined hus origin, and identity in politics, as a 'white Zionist', saying: “You could say that I am a white Zionist in the sense that I care about my people. I want us to have a secure homeland for us and ourselves. Just like you want a secure homeland in Israel.”[85].

Speech at University of Florida

After the University of Florida's August 2017 denial of Spencer's request to speak the following month, Floridian lawyer Gary Edinger threatened to sue the university for violating the First Amendment by prohibiting Spencer from speaking despite being a publicly funded institution. The university subsequently reached an agreement with Edinger allowing Spencer to speak on October 19, 2017.[86] Florida Governor Rick Scott declared a state of emergency for Alachua County on October 16, saying: "I find that the threat of a potential emergency is imminent" as a result of Spencer's appearance.[66][87]

On October 19, 2017, Spencer spoke at the Curtis M. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts on university grounds. In addition to Spencer, the speakers included Eli Mosley of Identity Evropa, a white supremacist group from California, and Mike Enoch, a white nationalist blogger.[88][89] The event's security costs reportedly amounted to an estimated $600,000.[90] It drew about 2,500 protestors, vastly outnumbering Spencer's supporters.[91][92]

The speech, which was Spencer's first public appearance after the Charlottesville rally, was disrupted by loud protests.[93][94][95] When drowned out by chants from the audience, he grew visibly frustrated, stating that the protestors were interfering with his freedom of speech. He added: "you are all engaged in what's known as the heckler's veto." According to Clay Calvert, director of the Marion B. Brechner First Amendment Project at the University of Florida College of Journalism and Communications, non-violent protesting, booing and suggesting that the speaker leave was not a heckler's veto in law. The speech and the concurrent protests were largely peaceful.[92][96]

Later that day, three of Spencer's supporters were arrested on felony charges following an alleged discharge of a firearm, directed at protestors leaving the event. The three suspects were residents of Texas who had travelled to Florida to hear Spencer speak. According to the Gainesville Police Department, they had shouted "Hail Hitler" and gave Nazi salutes immediately before the alleged attack. Authorities said that two of the suspects had known links to extremist groups.[97] The men had participated in the August 2017 Unite the Right rally, where Spencer had been scheduled to speak.[98][99] All three were charged with attempted homicide.[100]

In the aftermath of the October 19 events, Ohio State University declined Spencer's request to allow him to speak on campus, citing "substantial risk to public safety". In response, a lawyer representing Spencer's associate and organizer of his speaking tour filed a lawsuit against the university.[30]

Montana

In 2013, a dispute at a ski club in his hometown of Whitefish, Montana, drew public attention to Spencer and his political views.[101]

The National Policy Institute think tank, AlternativeRight.com, and Radix Journal all use the same mailing address in Whitefish, Montana.[102]

In 2014, a pro-tolerance group affiliated with the Montana Human Rights Network rallied against Spencer's residency in Whitefish. In response, the city council approved a non-discrimination resolution.[103]

In December 2016, Republican Representative Ryan Zinke, Republican Senator Steve Daines, Democratic Senator Jon Tester, Democratic Governor Steve Bullock and Republican Attorney General Tim Fox condemned a neo-Nazi march that had been planned for January 2017.[104] The community of Whitefish organized in opposition to the event, and the march never occurred.[105]

Also in December 2016, Spencer announced he was considering an independent run for Montana's at-large congressional district in the 2017 special election, although he ultimately did not enter the race.[106][107][108]

Views

White identity

Spencer believes in white pride and the unification of a pan-European "white race" in a "potential racial empire" resembling the Roman Empire.[14][15][16] In an interview with CNN, he was criticized for an apparent inconsistency or lack of clarity in his definition of white, with his interviewer noting that Spencer defined Syrians as white in the context of Steve Jobs's role in developing the IPhone, but described them as a non-white presence in Europe in the context of the Syrian refugee crisis.[109]

In 2013, the Anti-Defamation League called Spencer a leader in white supremacist circles and said that after leaving The American Conservative he rejected conservatism, because he believed its adherents "can't or won't represent explicitly white interests."[110]

In one interview in which he was asked if he would condemn the Ku Klux Klan and Adolf Hitler, he refused by saying: "I'm not going to play this game," while stating that Hitler had "done things that I think are despicable," without elaborating on which things he was referring to.[111]

In a 2016 interview for Time magazine, Spencer said he rejected white supremacy and the slavery of nonwhites, preferring to establish America as a white ethnostate.[112]

Criticism of ethno-nationalism, support for white racial empire

According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Spencer has advocated for a white homeland for a "dispossessed white race" and called for "peaceful ethnic cleansing" to halt the "deconstruction" of what he describes as "white culture."[9][10][11] To this end he has supported what he has called "the creation of a White Ethno-State on the North American continent", an "ideal" that he has regarded as a "reconstitution of the Roman Empire."[12][13] Prior to the UK vote to leave the EU, Spencer expressed support for the multi-national bloc "as a potential racial empire" and an alternative to "American hegemony", stating that he has "always been highly skeptical of so-called 'Euro-Skeptics.'"[113]

Donald Trump

Spencer supported Donald Trump in the 2016 U.S. presidential election and called Trump's election "the victory of will," a phrase evoking the title of Leni Riefenstahl's Triumph of the Will (1935), a Nazi-era propaganda film.[8] Upon Trump's appointment of Steve Bannon as chief White House strategist and senior counselor, Spencer said Bannon would be in "the best possible position" to influence policy.[114]

Women

During the 2016 United States presidential election, Spencer tweeted that women should not be allowed to make foreign policy.[115][116] He also stated in an interview with the Washington Post that his vision of America as an ethnostate included women returning to traditional roles as childbearers and homemakers.[117][118] In October 2017, when asked his opinion on American women having the right to vote, he said: "I don't necessarily think that that's a great thing" after stating that he was "not terribly excited" about voting in general.[116]

Homosexuality

Spencer opposes same-sex marriage,[119] which he has described as "unnatural" and a "non-issue," commenting that "very few gay men will find the idea of monogamy to their liking."[120] Despite his opposition to same-sex marriage, Spencer barred people with anti-gay views from the National Policy Institute's annual conference in 2015.[121]

Healthcare

Spencer supports legal access to abortion, in part because he believes it would reduce the number of black and Hispanic people, which he says would be a "great boon" to white people.[122] Spencer supports a national single-payer healthcare system because he believes it would benefit white people.[123][124]

Christianity

Spencer is an atheist,[125] but believes the Christian church previously held some pragmatic value, as Spencer believes it helped unify the white population of Europe. He opposes traditional Christian values as a moral code, due to Christianity being a universalizing religion, and not one based on ethnic and racial ancestry. Spencer references his views on Christianity as being influenced by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.[126][127][128] Citing Nietzsche's criticism of anti-Semitism and nationalism, Scott Galupo writing for The Week, Sean Illing for Vox, and Jordan Harris for The Courier-Journal have described Spencer's interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy as incorrect.[129][130][126] Spencer's Radix Journal has promoted paganism, running titles such as "Why I am a pagan".[131] Spencer has also described himself as a "cultural Christian."[132]

Iraq war

Spencer states he voted for Democrat John Kerry over incumbent Republican George W. Bush during the 2004 United States presidential election, because Bush stood for "the war".[133]

Fourteen Words

Spencer is an advocate of the Fourteen Words, and has promoted the slogan.[134] Despite his support, he has clarified that he'd prefer to merge the alt-right and alt-lite into one political force, claiming that "If I wanted to create a movement that was 1488 white nationalist, I would have done that."[135]

Views on Russia and NATO

Spencer has advocated for the US pulling out of NATO and called Russia the "sole white power in the world". His partner Kouprianova, under her pen name Nina Byzantina referred to herself as a "Kremlin troll leader" and regularly aligned to Kremlin talking points, with ties to Alexander Dugin, a far-right ultranationalist Russian intellectual leader in the Eurasianism movement and writer of Foundations of Geopolitics. The webzine founded by Spencer in 2010, called Alternative Right, accepted direct contributor pieces from Dugin.[136]

Personal life

In 2010, Spencer moved to Whitefish, Montana. He says he splits his time between Whitefish and Arlington, Virginia,[12][137] although he has said he has lived in Whitefish for over 10 years and considers it home.[138] As of 2017 Spencer was renting a house in Alexandria, Virginia.[139]

He was separated from his Russian-Canadian wife,[140] Nina Kouprianova, in October 2016;[41] in April 2017, Spencer said he and his wife were not separated and are still together.[141] Kouprianova has translated several books written by Aleksandr Dugin, a Russian political analyst known for his fascist views.[142][143][144] The books were later published by Spencer's publishing house, Washington Summit Publishers.[145]

References

  1. ^ "Richard Bertrand Spencer". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  2. ^
    • Peoples, Steve (July 24, 2016). "Energized white supremacists cheer Trump convention message". Associated Press. Cleveland, OH. 
    • Wines, Michael; Saul, Stephanie (July 5, 2015). "White Supremacists Extend Their Reach Through Websites". The New York Times. 
    • Gelin, Martin (November 13, 2014). "White Flight: America's white supremacists are ignored at home. So they are looking to start over with a little help from Europe's far right". Slate. Budapest, Hungary. 
    • Welch, Chris; Ganim, Sara (December 6, 2016). "White Supremacist Richard Spencer: 'We reached tens of millions of people' with video". CNN. 
    • Mangan, Katherine (December 9, 2016). "A push to 'expand white privilege': Richard B. Spencer president, National Policy Institute, a white-supremacist group". The Chronicle of Higher Education. p. A6+. 
    • Zalman, Jonathan (December 19, 2016). "Neo-Nazi Website Tells Readers to 'Take Action' Against Jews on Behalf of Richard Spencer's Mother in Montana". Tablet. 
    • "Campus clashes as US white supremacist gives speech". London Evening Standard. December 7, 2016. p. 22. 
    • Kauffman, Gretel (November 23, 2016). "Donald Trump again disavows so-called alt-right supporters". Christian Science Monitor. 
    • Kauffman, Gretel (November 20, 2016). "White supremacists convene in celebration of Trump victory". Christian Science Monitor. 
  3. ^ Maya Oppenheim (January 23, 2017). "Alt-right leader Richard Spencer worries getting punched will become 'meme to end all memes'". The Independent. Retrieved February 25, 2017. 
  4. ^ Ehrenfreund, Max (November 21, 2016). "What the alt-right really wants, according to a professor writing a book about them". Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2016. 
  5. ^ Posner, Sarah (October 18, 2016). "Meet the Alt-Right 'Spokesman' Who's Thrilled With Trump's Rise". Rolling Stone. 
  6. ^ "Alternative Right". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  7. ^ Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (May 5, 2016). "Is the Alt-Right for Real?". The New Yorker. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Goldstein, Joseph (November 20, 2016). "Alt-Right Exults in Donald Trump's Election With a Salute: 'Heil Victory'". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Alternative Right". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved November 22, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Kirchick, James (October 18, 2014). "A Racist's Crazy Ski Resort Smackdown". The Daily Beast. 
  11. ^ a b Chris Graham (November 22, 2016). "Nazi salutes and white supremacism: Who is Richard Spencer, the 'racist academic' behind the 'Alt right' movement". The Telegraph. 
  12. ^ a b c Scott, Tristan (November 26, 2014). "Who is Richard Spencer?". Flathead Beacon. 
  13. ^ a b Spencer, Richard B. (September 28, 2016). "Facing the Future As a Minority". Radix Journal. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b "Meet the white nationalist trying to ride the Trump train to lasting power". 
  15. ^ a b "Richard Spencer speaks at University of Florida today. Who is he?". 
  16. ^ a b ""Euro-Skepticism" Skepticism". March 12, 2017. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Why Did Charles Barkley Talk To Neo-Nazi Richard Spencer? - SFGate". www.sfgate.com. 
  18. ^ Ramasubramanian, Srividya; Miles, Caitlin (May 23, 2018). "White Nationalist Rhetoric, Neoliberal Multiculturalism and Colour Blind Racism: Decolonial Critique of Richard Spencer's Campus Visit". Javnost - The Public: 1–15. doi:10.1080/13183222.2018.1463352. ISSN 1318-3222. 
  19. ^ "University moves to schedule Spencer request to speak on campus". 
  20. ^ "Texas A&M plans unity event for same time as white nationalist speech". star-telegram. Retrieved June 11, 2018. 
  21. ^ a b Bernstein, Joseph (October 5, 2017). "Alt-White: How the Breitbart Machine Laundered Racist Hate". Buzzfeed. 
  22. ^ Bradner, Eric (November 22, 2016). "Alt-right leader: 'Hail Trump! Hail our people! Hail victory!'". CNN. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  23. ^ Goldstein, Joseph (November 20, 2016). "Alt-Right Gathering Exults in Trump Election With Nazi-Era Salute". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  24. ^ Chuck Johnston, "Charlottesville car crash suspect ID'd as 20-year-old Ohio man" Archived August 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine., CNN (August 12, 2017).
  25. ^ Wilson, Jason; Helmore, Edward; Swaine, Jon (August 12, 2017). "Charlottesville: man charged with murder after car rams counter-protesters at far-right event". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 13, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Fields faces 5 additional felony charges related to Aug. 12 fatal crash". The Daily Progress. August 18, 2017. 
  27. ^ Smith, David (May 24, 2018). "Richard Spencer acted like gang boss, Charlottesville conspiracy trial hears". the Guardian. 
  28. ^ "Lawyers Sue White Supremacists Over Charlottesville Violence". 
  29. ^ "A planning document for an alt-right event in Florida shows links to an attempted murder suspect". October 27, 2017. 
  30. ^ a b "Ohio State sued over refusal to let white nationalist Richard Spencer speak" Archived October 23, 2017, at the Wayback Machine., ABC News
  31. ^ "Richard Spencer Cancels 'College Tour' After Being Forced To Talk In A Barn". 
  32. ^ Weigel, David (July 12, 2016). "U.K.'s next leader banned a prominent white nationalist from visiting". Retrieved November 23, 2017 – via www.WashingtonPost.com. 
  33. ^ "The Bumbling Bigots of Budapest". 
  34. ^ Thorpe, Nick (October 7, 2014). "Far right holds secret congress in Hungary" – via www.bbc.com. 
  35. ^ László, Szőcs (October 3, 2014). "Itt vannak a fajvédők, de a Jobbikot nem szeretik". 
  36. ^ "The Bumbling Bigots of Budapest". 
  37. ^ "Neo-Nazi Richard Spencer 'banned from 26 European countries'". 
  38. ^ Warsaw, Associated Press in (October 27, 2017). "Poland to Richard Spencer: keep out". the Guardian. 
  39. ^ Michel, Casey (July 5, 2018). "Richard Spencer learns about strong borders, barred from European travel". ThinkProgress. Retrieved July 8, 2018. 
  40. ^ Burghart, Devin (June 27, 2014). "Who is Richard Spencer?". IREHR. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 
  41. ^ a b c d Harkinson, Josh (October 27, 2016). "Meet The Dapper White Nationalist Who Wins Even If Trump Loses". Mother Jones. 
  42. ^ Williams, Lance (March 17, 2017). "White Nationalist Richard Spencer Gets His Money From Louisiana Cotton Fields—and the US Government". Mother Jones. 
  43. ^ a b c d Wood, Graeme (June 2017). "His Kampf". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 16, 2017. In 2011, he moved from Washington to Whitefish, Montana, where his mother owns a vacation home and a commercial building. (She is the heiress to cotton farms in Louisiana, and his father is a respected Dallas ophthalmologist.) 
  44. ^ Downs, Caleb (November 16, 2016). "For white nationalists, Trump win a dream come true, says alt-right leader from Dallas". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 23, 2017. He was born in Massachusetts but moved to the Preston Hollow neighborhood of Dallas when he was about 2 years old. 
  45. ^ Stadler, Friedrich. "Statement on behalf of the Institute Vienna Circle" (PDF). Institute Vienna Circle. Retrieved December 2, 2016. 
  46. ^ ""The alt-right side of history will prevail," says the fringe Republican bankrolling Richard Spencer". Mother Jones. Retrieved October 17, 2017. 
  47. ^ The Great Erasure Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. (Radix Journal)
  48. ^ OPP HQ (November 23, 2014). "A New Building Goes Up in Montana – Courtesy of White Supremacist Dick Spencer". One People's Project. Whitefish, MT. Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. 
  49. ^ Hawley, George (2017). Making Sense of the Alt-Right. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 59. ISBN 9780231185127. OCLC 987742156. Despite the innocuous name, NPI has since its inception been a white-nationalist organization. The organization was rather obscure and marginalized until Spencer was chosen as its new president in 2011, at which point Alternative Right became an NPI initiative. 
  50. ^ Gelin, Martin (November 13, 2014). "White Flight: America's white supremacists are ignored at home. So they are looking to start over with a little help from Europe's far right". Slate. Budapest, Hungary. 
  51. ^ Pintér, Sándor (September 29, 2014). "Minister of Interior bans racist conference". Website of the Hungarian Government. 
  52. ^ "Alt Right Moving From Online to Real-World Activity". blog.adl.org. Retrieved February 22, 2017. 
  53. ^ Wilson, Jason (January 25, 2017). "The weakening of the 'alt-right': how infighting and doxxing are taking a toll". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 22, 2017. 
  54. ^ Porter, Tom (March 3, 2017). "Meet Daniel Friberg, the Swedish mining tycoon bankrolling the alt-right's global media empire". International Business Times UK. 
  55. ^ "Richard Spencer and White Supremacists Aim for Bigger Platform With 'AltRight.com'". The Forward. Retrieved February 21, 2017. 
  56. ^ "Richard Spencer Launches 'Alt-Right' Website on Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved February 21, 2017. 
  57. ^ "Arrests made as protesters clash at pro-Trump rally in Berkeley". www.msn.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017. 
  58. ^ "Så vill Richard, 38, bygga en ny vit elit". Aftonbladet. Retrieved May 24, 2017. 
  59. ^ Bobic, Igor (February 23, 2017). "White Nationalist Richard Spencer Booted Out Of CPAC". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  60. ^ a b "Mayor: Torch-lit protest in Charlottesville, Va. "harkens back to the days of the KKK"". Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  61. ^ a b Hayden, Michael Edison (May 14, 2017). "Mayor of Charlottesville calls pro-Confederate rallies 'horrific'". ABC News. Charlottesville, Virginia. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  62. ^ "White nationalist Richard Spencer leads torch-bearing protesters defending Lee statue". Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  63. ^ "Richard Spencer Leads Group Protesting Sale Of Confederate Statue". NPR.org. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  64. ^ nbc29.com: "ADL Lists Kessler, Other 'Unite The Right' Speakers as White Supremacists", July 25, 2017
  65. ^ Rosenberg, Eli. "Twitter was slammed for verifying a white nationalist. It just took away his blue check mark". The Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  66. ^ a b Wamsley, Laurel (October 17, 2017). "Florida's Governor Declares State Of Emergency Ahead Of Richard Spencer Speech". NPR. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Richard Spencer: A Symbol Of The New White Supremacy". Anti-Defamation League. May 14, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2017. In 2010 and 2011, leaders of the now defunct racist student group, Youth for Western Civilization, invited Spencer to speak at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee and Providence College in Rhode Island. 
  68. ^ Liebelson, Dana (October 15, 2016). "Man Who Held 'Better To Grab A P***y Than To Be One' Sign At Pro-Trump Rally Has Ties To White Nationalists". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 20, 2017. In 2010, Saucier's group invited Richard Spencer, a white nationalist who has since become a prominent member of the pro-Trump "alt-Right," to speak. 
  69. ^ Lombroso, Daniel; Appelbaum, Yoni (November 21, 2016). "'Hail Trump!': White Nationalists Salute the President-Elect" (Includes excerpted video). The Atlantic. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  70. ^ Chaitin, Daniel (February 18, 2017). "Libertarians clash with Richard Spencer in DC". Washington Examiner. 
  71. ^ Barajas, Joshua. "Nazi salutes 'done in a spirit of irony and exuberance', alt-right leader says". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved November 25, 2016. 
  72. ^ Southern Poverty Law Center, "[PayPal Co-Founder Peter Thiel to Address White Nationalist-Friendly "Property and Freedom Society" Conference in September," June 9, 2016.
  73. ^ Spencer, Richard (April 5, 2013). "American Renaissance Conference: Facing the Future as a Minority". The National Policy Institute. Archived from the original on January 5, 2014. 
  74. ^ Spencer, Richard (May 6, 2013). "Richard Spencer kicks off the Fourth Annual HLMC Meeting". The Mencken Club. 
  75. ^ Mangan, Katherine (November 28, 2016). "Richard Spencer, White Supremacist, Describes Goals of His 'Danger Tour' to College Campuses". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  76. ^ Jaschik, Scott (December 7, 2016). "Protests Greet White Supremacist at Texas A&M". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  77. ^ "Watch White Nationalist Richard Spencer Get Punched". Time. January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2017. 
  78. ^ Murphy, Paul P. "White nationalist Richard Spencer punched during interview". CNN. Retrieved January 21, 2017. 
  79. ^ Stack, Liam. "Attack on Alt-Right Leader Has Internet Asking: Is It O.K. to Punch a Nazi?". New York Times. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  80. ^ Strange, Deborah (August 16, 2017). "UF denies white nationalist Richard Spencer a campus platform". The Gainesville Sun. Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  81. ^ Jaschik, Scott (August 18, 2017). "Michigan State, LSU Reject Supremacist Speaker". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  82. ^ Ballard, Mark (August 17, 2017). "White nationalist Richard Spencer is 'not welcome' on LSU campus, university president says". The Advocate. Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  83. ^ Roll, Nick (September 5, 2017). "Richard Spencer's Group Sues Michigan State U". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  84. ^ Jesse, David (September 3, 2017). "MSU sued by Richard Spencer's white supremacist group for refusing space on campus". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  85. ^ a b c T. Staff (Aug 17, 2017). "White nationalist Richard Spencer tells Israelis that Jews are 'over-represented'". timesofisrael.com. Archived from the original on August 19, 2018. Alt-right leader describes himself as a 'white Zionist,' saying he wants a secure homeland for 'my people' like the Jews have in Israel 
  86. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (October 17, 2017). "University of Florida Braces for Richard Spencer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  87. ^ Rozsa, Lori; Svrugla, Susan (October 16, 2017). "Florida governor declares state of emergency in advance of Richard Spencer event". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  88. ^ "WATCH: Richard Spencer gets drowned out by boos at UF speech". October 19, 2017. 
  89. ^ "'Go home, racist!' Richard Spencer shouted down at University of Florida speech", USA Today
  90. ^ "White supremacist Richard Spencer faces barrage of protest at Florida speech", The Guardian"
  91. ^ "Richard Spencer Shouted Down in Florida, Cuts his Speech Short", Newsweek
  92. ^ a b "Behind-scenes logistics at protest let officers control chaos", The Gainesville Sun
  93. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (October 19, 2017). "White nationalist Richard Spencer speech ends amid protests". The Hill. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  94. ^ Heim, Joe; Rozsa, Lori; Hauslohner, Abigail; Svrluga, Susan (October 19, 2017). "'Go home, Spencer!' Protesters disrupt white nationalist's speech at the University of Florida". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 3, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  95. ^ Dearen, Jason (October 19, 2017). "White nationalist Spencer drowned out by protesters". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  96. ^ "Richard Spencer UF speech", The News-Press
  97. ^ "3 Men Arrested After Shooting at Richard Spencer's University of Florida Speech", Time
  98. ^ "White supremacist supporters of Richard Spencer open fire on counter-protesters". 
  99. ^ "Three Texas Men Arrested Following Richard Spencer's University Speech", Anti-Defamation League blog
  100. ^ Deborah Strange, Three supporters of white nationalist Richard Spencer arrested after shot fired at Florida venue, Gainesville Sun (October 20, 2017).
  101. ^ Baldwin, Matt (November 25, 2014). "Fight at Whitefish Mountain resort gets national spotlight". Whitefish Pilot. 
  102. ^ Sakariassen, Alex (May 13, 2013). "Rachel Maddow calls out white "nationalist" nonprofit in Flathead". Missoula Independent. Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Segment, "Our People", starts at 2:13 
  103. ^ Desch, Heidi (December 2, 2014). "Council takes stand in support of diversity". Whitefish Pilot. 
  104. ^ Coffman, Keith; Johnson, Eric M. (December 27, 2016). "Montana Lawmakers Unite To Denounce Neo-Nazi Rally Plans". Forward. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  105. ^ Beckett, Lois (February 5, 2017). "How Richard Spencer's home town weathered a neo-Nazi 'troll storm'". The Guardian. Retrieved July 11, 2017. 
  106. ^ Lee, Kurtis (December 20, 2016). "White nationalist Richard Spencer considers a run for Montana congressional seat". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  107. ^ Vielma, Antonio José (December 16, 2016). "White nationalist Richard Spencer considering running for Congress". CNBC. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  108. ^ Downs, Caleb (December 20, 2016). "White nationalist Richard Spencer 'seriously considering' run for Congress if Montana seat vacated". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  109. ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". transcripts.cnn.com. 
  110. ^ "Richard Spencer: A Symbol Of The New White Supremacy". Anti-Defamation League. May 14, 2013. 
  111. ^ Bandler, Aaron (November 25, 2016). "5 Things To Know About Alt-Right Leader Richard Spencer". The Daily Wire. Retrieved March 14, 2017. Hitler is a historical figure," he said. "He's done things that I think are despicable. I'm not going to play this game. 
  112. ^ Altman, Alex (April 14, 2016). "The Billionaire and the Bigots: How Donald Trump's Campaign Brought White Nationalists Out of the Shadows". Time. (Subscription required (help)). 
  113. ^ Spencer, Richard B. (May 25, 2016). ""Euro-Skepticism" Skepticism". Radix Journal. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  114. ^ The Editorial Board (November 15, 2016). "Steve 'Turn On the Hate' Bannon, in the White House". The New York Times. 
  115. ^ Bowman, Emma (August 20, 2017). "The Women Behind The 'Alt-Right'". NPR. Retrieved October 15, 2017. 
  116. ^ a b Hayden, Michael Edison (October 14, 2017). "'Alt-Right' leader Richard Spencer isn't sure if women should be allowed to vote". Newsweek. Retrieved October 15, 2017. 
  117. ^ Cox, John Woodrow (November 22, 2016). "'Let's party like it's 1933': Inside the alt-right world of Richard Spencer". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2017. 
  118. ^ Paquette, Danielle (November 25, 2016). "The alt-right isn't only about white supremacy. It's about white male supremacy". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on November 26, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2017. 
  119. ^ Spencer, Richard B. (August 5, 2010). "The Inevitability of Gay Marriage". Radix Journal. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016. 
  120. ^ Spencer, Richard (June 26, 2013). "The End of the "Culture War"". The National Policy Institute. Archived from the original on August 17, 2013. 
  121. ^ Falvey, Rose (August 18, 2016). "Some White Nationalists Continue to Court the LGBT Community". Southern Poverty Law Center. 
  122. ^ Wood, Graeme (June 2017). "His Kampf". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 16, 2017. In 2011, he moved from Washington to Whitefish, Montana, where his mother owns a vacation home and a commercial building. (She is the heiress to cotton farms in Louisiana, and his father is a respected Dallas ophthalmologist.) 
  123. ^ Matthews, Dylan (April 4, 2017). "Why the alt-right loves single-payer health care". Vox. 
  124. ^ Minkowitz, Donna (December 8, 2017). "The Racist Right Looks Left". The Nation. ISSN 0027-8378. Retrieved January 19, 2018. 
  125. ^ Spencer, Richard. "The Alt Right and Secular Humanism". AltRight.com. Archived from the original on May 27, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017. McAfee: Are you religious? Do you support the Separation of Church and State? Spencer: I'm an atheist. 
  126. ^ a b Harris, Jordan. "Alt-right rejects Christian values as moral guide". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  127. ^ McLaren, Brian. "The 'Alt-Right' Has Created Alt-Christianity". Time. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  128. ^ Wood, Graeme. "Richard Spencer Was My High-School Classmate". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  129. ^ Galupo, Scott (May 22, 2017). "The troubling rise of Bad Nietzsche". The Week. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  130. ^ Illing, Sean (January 12, 2018). "The alt-right is drunk on bad readings of Nietzsche. The Nazis were too". Vox. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  131. ^ Beinart, Peter. "America's Empty-Church Problem". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  132. ^ Spencer, Richard. "'We're Not Going Anywhere:' Watch Roland Martin Challenge White Nationalist Richard Spencer". YouTube.com. Retrieved May 5, 2017. Martin: Are you a Christian? Spencer: I'm an cultural Christian. 
  133. ^ "'Alt-Right' leader Richard Spencer has voted for Democrats in the past, including John Kerry". The Dallas News. October 19, 2017. 
  134. ^ "Richard Spencer Is Making Common Cause with Neo-Nazis". Anti-Defamation League. December 20, 2016. 
  135. ^ "My Journey to the Center of the Alt-Right". HuffPost. November 3, 2016. 
  136. ^ "'A model for civilization': Putin's Russia has emerged as 'a beacon for nationalists' and the American alt-right". Business Insider. December 10, 2016. 
  137. ^ Spencer, Richard B. (December 2, 2014). "Defending free expression". Whitefish Pilot. 
  138. ^ Spencer, Richard B. (November 26, 2014). "Skiing With The Enemy". Radix Journal. Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. 
  139. ^ Feldman, Ari (August 3, 2017). "Can Opponents Push 'Alt-Right' Leader Richard Spencer Out Of His Virginia Home?". The Forward. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  140. ^ Richard Spencer's Russian Wife Talks Trump, Utopia: Full Interview By Diana Bruk • 09/19/17
  141. ^ Spencer, Richard. "Richard Spencer's Full Q&A at Auburn University". YouTube.com. Retrieved June 4, 2017. Audience Member: Your ex-wife is a Russian American and you have a child together. Please explain that. Spencer: She's not my ex-wife. Audience Member: Or you're separated, right? Spencer: No. Audience Member: Okay, so the thing I said is that you are separated or whatever. So you're still together? Spencer: Yes 
  142. ^ Gessen, Masha (2017). The Future is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia. Penguin. p. 482. ISBN 9781594634536. 
  143. ^ Posner, Sarah (October 18, 2016). "Meet the Alt-Right 'Spokesman' Who's Thrilled With Trump's Rise". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  144. ^ Ebel, Francesca (August 16, 2017). "Charlottesville's alt-right leaders have a passion for Vladimir Putin". Newsweek. Retrieved October 20, 2017. 
  145. ^ Shekhovtsov, Anton (September 8, 2017). Russia and the Western Far Right: Tango Noir. Routledge. ISBN 9781317199953. 

External links

  • Quotations related to Richard B. Spencer at Wikiquote
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_B._Spencer&oldid=860267933"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_B._Spencer
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Richard B. Spencer"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA