Richard

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Richard
Richard I of England.png
17th-century portrait of Richard the Lionheart, a 12th-century King of England
Pronunciation /ˈrɪərd/
French: [ʁiʃaʁ]
German: [ˈʁɪçaʁt] (Germany) or [ˈrɪçart] (Austria and Switzerland)
Czech: [ˈrɪxart]
Gender Male
Origin
Word/name Proto-Germanic
Meaning strong or brave leader
Other names
Nickname(s) Rich, Rick, Dick, Dickie, Reeks, Riccardo, Riquix, Richie, Ricardo, Rico, Ricky, Richi, Rickey, Rickard[1][2]

The Germanic first or given name Richard derives from German, French, and English "ric" (ruler, leader, king, powerful) and "hard" (strong, brave, hardy), and it therefore means "strong in rule".[1][3] Nicknames include "Dick", "Dickie",[2] "Rich", "Richie", "Rick", "Ricky",[1] and others.

"Richard" is a common male name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, and Dutch. It is also often used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Finnish, or Estonian name.

People named Richard

Rulers and heads of state

In politics and government

  • Richard Acland (1906–1990), one of the founders of the British Common Wealth Party and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
  • Dick Armey (born 1940), American politician, member U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1985-2003)
  • Richard Armitage (politician) (born 1945), American government official, Deputy Secretary of State (2001-2005)
  • Richard Arrington Jr. (born 1934), first African-American mayor of the city of Birmingham, Alabama
  • Richard Bedford "R.B." Bennett (1870-1947), Canadian politician, Prime Minister of Canada (1930-1935).
  • Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington (1612–1698), Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and a cavalier.
  • Richard Burr (born 1955), American politician, U.S. Senator from North Carolina (2005-present)
  • Richard "Dick" Cheney (born 1941), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wyoming (1979-1989), Secretary of Defense (1989-1993) and Vice President (2001-2009)
  • Dick Clark (senator) (born 1928), American politician, U.S. Senator from Iowa (1973-1979)
  • Richard Court (born 1947), Australian politician, Premier of Western Australia (1993-2001)
  • Richard J. Daley (1902–1976), American politician, Mayor of Chicago (1955-1976)
  • Richard M. Daley (born 1942), American politician, Illinois state senator (1972-1980) and Mayor of Chicago (1989-2011)
  • Richard Darman (1943-2008), American businessman and government official, White House Staff Secretary (1981-1985), Deputy Secretary of the Treasury (1985-1987) and Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1989-1993)
  • Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (1711–1779), British politician and associate and brother-in-law of William Pitt
  • Richard Hatfield (1931–1991), Canadian politician, Premier of New Brunswick (1970-1987)
  • Richard Helms (1913-2002), American government official, Director of Central Intelligence (1966-1973), U.S. Ambassador to Iran (1973-1977)
  • Richard Johnson (judge) (born 1937), Irish jurist, President of the Irish High Court (2006-2009)
  • Richard Jones, 1st Earl of Ranelagh (1641–1712), Irish peer, and politician both in the Parliaments of England and Ireland
  • Richard Mentor Johnson (1780–1850), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky (1807-1819 and 1829-1833), U.S. Senator from Kentucky (1819-1829) and Vice President (1837-1841)
  • Richard Lugar (born 1932), American politician, U.S. Senator from Indiana (1977-2011)
  • Richard Perle (born 1941), American government official and foreign policy specialist, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs 1981-1987
  • Richard Rush (1780–1859), American politician, U.S. Attorney General (1814-1817) and Secretary of the Treasury (1825-1829)
  • Richard Seddon (1845-1906), New Zealand politician, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893-1906)
  • Richard Shelby (born 1934), American politician, U.S. Senator from Alabama (1987-present)
  • Richard Stockton (1764–1828), American politician, U.S. Senator from New Jersey (1796-1799), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1813-1815)
  • Dick Thornburgh (born 1932), American politician, Governor of Pennsylvania (1979-1987) and U.S. Attorney General (1988-1991)
  • Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (1760–1842), Anglo-Irish Governor-General of India, Foreign Secretary in the British Cabinet and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, brother of the 1st Duke of Wellington
  • Richard Wild (judge) (1912-1978), New Zealand jurist, Chief Justice of New Zealand (1966-1978)

Aristocrats and non-ruling royals

Business people

  • Richard L. Bloch (born 1929), American investor, real estate developer, banker, and philanthropist.
  • Richard Branson (born 1950), British businessman and founder of the Virgin Group of companies
  • Richard DeVos (born 1926), American businessman and co-founder of Amway
  • Richard Jacobs (businessman) (1925–2009), real estate businessman and owner of the Cleveland Indians baseball team
  • Richard Oetker (born 1951), German businessman, CEO of Dr. Oetker since 2010
  • Richard Rawlings (born 1969), star of American television show Fast N' Loud, owner of Gas Monkey garage, Gas Monkey Bar N' Grill and Gas Monkey Live
  • Richard Warren Sears (1863–1914), co-founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company, and considered a promotional genius
  • Richard Velazquez (born 1973), PepsiCo executive and first automotive designer at Porsche AG (Germany) of Puerto Rican descent
  • Richard Wilding, British businessman and academic

Religious figures

In music

Composers

Singers and musicians

Actors

In film and TV

Explorers

  • Richard R. Arnold (born 1963), American astronaut
  • Richard Francis Burton (1821–1890), British geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer and diplomat
  • Richard E. Byrd (1888–1957), U.S. Navy rear admiral, aviator and explorer
  • Richard Masters (aka William Marsters), English sailor, cooper, trader and explorer
  • Dick Rutkowski, diving medicine pioneer

Scientists

Soldiers

In sports

Writers and journalists

Fictional characters

Other

Cognates/transliterations

In Indo-European languages

Baltic

Celtic

Germanic

Romance

Slavic

Other

  • Armenian: Հռիքարտոս (Hṙikartós)[4]
  • Greek: Ριχάρδος (Richárdos)
  • Persian: ریچارد (Ritchard)

In Semitic languages

  • Arabic: ريتشارد (Rytshrd, Ritshrd, Rytshard, Ritshard)
  • Hebrew: ריצ'רד (Richard)

In Turkic languages

In Uralic languages

In Other languages

Short forms

  • Cornish: Hicca
  • Czech: Ríša
  • Dutch: Ries
  • English: Rick, Rich, Richi, Dick, Dickie, Rik, Ric
  • Estonian: Riho
  • Esperanto: Rikĉjo
  • Finnish: Riku
  • Hungarian: Ricsi, Ricsike, Rics
  • Icelandic: Rikki
  • Latvian: Rič
  • Lithuanian: Ryčka, Rytis
  • Polish: Rysio, Rysiek, Ryś
  • Portuguese: Rico, Ric
  • Slovak: Rišo, Riško, Riči
  • Spanish: Cayo (Guatemala)
  • Greek: Στούκος (Stoúkos)

Pet forms

References

  1. ^ a b c Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Richard". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  4. ^ M. Petrossian (ed.). New Dictionary Armenian-English. Librairie de Beyrouth. p. 772. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  5. ^ "Hick". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

See also

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