Rhus coriaria

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Rhus coriaria
Sommacco.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Rhus
Species: R. coriaria
Binomial name
Rhus coriaria
L.

Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac,[1] tanner's sumach,[2] or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceae or cashew family, native to southern Europe.[3] The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called za'atar.

Cultivation

The plant will grow in any type of soil that is deep and well-drained.[3]

Uses

Caution should be used about consuming sumac (see Toxicity, below). The fruit has a sour taste; dried and crushed, it is a popular spice in the Middle East.[3] Immature fruits and seeds are also eaten. It is traditionally used and also clinically investigated for lipid lowering effects.[4]

The leaves and the bark were traditionally used in tanning and contain tannic acid.

Dyes of various colours, red, yellow, black, and brown, can be made from different parts of the plant.[3]

Oil extracted from the seeds can be used to make candles.[3]

Toxicity

It has been postulated that the sap and the fruit contain toxins that can cause severe irritation in people who are sensitive to these compounds.[3] Because of its botanical relationship to other urushiol-containing species of the genus Rhus, consumption or contact with any part of the plant have been implicated with allergic reactions. However, cases involving pure Rhus coriaria have not been documented in medical literature.

Images

References

  1. ^ "Rhus coriaria". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Plants for a Future database accessed August 2010
  4. ^ "Rhus coriaria L. increases serum apolipoprotein-A1 and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial". doi:10.1016/j.joim.2017.12.007. PMID 29397092. 


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