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Rhogeessa aeneus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
Genus: Rhogeessa
H. Allen, 1866
Type species
Rhogeessa tumida
H. Allen, 1866

See text

Rhogeessa is a genus of bats within the vesper bats family, Vespertilionidae.[1]


Taxonomy debate

This genus is systematically complex and sometimes controversial. One reason that the genus is complex is because of the species' variable karyotypes:[2]

30 chromosomes 32 chromosomes 34 chromosomes 42 chromosomes 44 chromosomes 52 chromosomes
R. io[3] R. aeneus[4] R. tumida*[5] R. genowaysi[6][7] R. parvula[8][9] R. hussoni[3]
R. tumida*[10] - R. velilla[2] - R. tumida*[10]
R. gracilis[11] - - - - -
R. tumida*[10] - - - - -

*Note that R. tumida is listed four times, as individuals have been found with four different karyotypes. This may represent a species complex.[10][2]

Some have placed Allen's yellow bat into its own genus, Baeodon based on its differences with other members of the genus.[12] However, others argue that as Allen's yellow bat and the slender yellow bat are sister taxa, to exclude only one from Rhogeessa makes it a paraphyletic group. By that logic, either both species need to be included in Rhogeessa, or both need to be placed in Baeodon.[2] A 2008 paper recommended moving the slender yellow bat to the Baeodon genus.[2] Others say that Baeodon should be recognized as a subgenus of Rhogeessa instead of as a separate genus.[9][13]


  1. ^ Simmons, Nancy B. (2005), "Chiroptera", in Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M., Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 312–529, ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0, retrieved 2 October 2009
  2. ^ a b c d e Baird, A. B., Hillis, D. M., Patton, J. C., & Bickham, J. W. (2008). Evolutionary history of the genus Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) as revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3), 744-754.
  3. ^ a b Genoways, H. H., & Baker, R. J. (1996). A new species of the genus Rhogeessa, with comments on geographic distribution and speciation in the genus.
  4. ^ Audet, D., Engstrom, M. D., & Fenton, M. B. (1993). Morphology, karyology, and echolocation calls of Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Yucatan Peninsula. Journal of Mammalogy, 74(2), 498-502.
  5. ^ Vonhof, M. J. (2000). Rhogeessa tumida. Mammalian species, 1-3.
  6. ^ Baker, R. J. (1984). A sympatric cryptic species of mammal: a new species of Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Systematic Biology, 33(2), 178-183.
  7. ^ Roots, E. H., & Baker, R. J. (1998). Rhogeessa genowaysi. Mammalian Species, (589), 1-3.
  8. ^ LaVal-Bugg, R. K. (1973). Systematics of the genus Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Sistemática del género Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Occasional Papers, (19), 1-47.
  9. ^ a b Roots, E. H., & Baker, R. J. (2007). Rhogeessa parvula. Mammalian Species, 1-4.
  10. ^ a b c d Baker, R. J., Bickham, J. W., & Arnold, M. L. (1985). Chromosomal evolution in Rhogeessa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae): possible speciation by centric fusions. Evolution, 39(2), 233-243.
  11. ^ Jones, J. K. (1977). Rhogeessa gracilis. Mammalian Species, (76), 1-2.
  12. ^ Hoofer, S. R., & Bussche, R. A. V. D. (2003). Molecular phylogenetics of the chiropteran family Vespertilionidae. Acta Chiropterologica, 5(1), 1-63.
  13. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J. & Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T. 2008. Rhogeessa alleni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T19679A9002375. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T19679A9002375.en. Downloaded on 12 September 2017.
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