Revagupti

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Revagupti
Arohanam S R₁ G₃ P D₁ 
Avarohanam  D₁ P G₃ R₁ S

Revagupti (pronounced rēvagupti) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a pentatonic scale (audava rāgam or owdava rāgam). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes).

It is a morning rāgam.[1][2] The similar scales in Hindustani music are Rewa and Bibhas.[2]

Structure and Lakshana

Revagupti scale with shadjam at C

Revagupti is a symmetric rāgam that does not contain madhyamam or nishādham. It is a symmetric pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam[1][2] in Carnatic music classification – audava meaning 'of 5'). Its ascending and descending scale (ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure) is as follows:

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shuddha rishabham, antara gandharam, panchamam and shuddha dhaivatham, as per Carnatic music notation and terms for the swaras. Revagupti is considered a janya rāgam of Mayamalavagowla, the 15th Melakarta rāgam, though it can be derived from 5 other melakarta rāgams by dropping both the madhyamam and nishādham.

Popular Compositions

Here are a few songs composed in Revagupti.

Related rāgams

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Scale similarities

  • Bhupalam rāgam differs from Revagupti only by the gāndhāram. It uses sadharana gāndhāram instead of antara gāndhāram and its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 G2 P D1 S : S D1 P G2 R1 S[1][2]
  • Bhauli rāgam uses an additional nishadam in descending scale, in comparison to Revagupti. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 G3 P D1 S : S N3 D1 P G3 R1 S[2]
  • Karnataka Shuddha Saveri rāgam uses shuddha madhyamam in place of antara gandharam of Revagupti. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 M1 P D1 S : S D1 P M1 R1 S

Notes

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S  G P  
    • Western: C C# E G G# C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   P G  S
    • Western: C G# G E C# C

References

  1. ^ a b c Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ a b c d e Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras
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