Republican Party (Liberia)

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Republican Party
Leaders Joseph Jenkins Roberts,
Daniel Bashiel Warner,
James Spriggs Payne
Founded 1848 (1848)
Dissolved 1899 (1899)
Headquarters Monrovia
Ideology Classical liberalism
Political position Center-left
International affiliation American Colonization Society

The Republican Party, early named Liberian Party, was a political party founded soon after the founding of Liberia in 1848. It was known to be made up primarily of Americo-Liberians who had mixed African and European ancestry. Its main opponent was the True Whig Party.[2]

The first President of Liberia, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, supported the party, which had the first candidates elected to office in the independent nation. The party weakened soon after the death of Roberts. After the end of President James Spriggs-Payne's term in 1878, the election of Anthony W. Gardiner to the presidency marked the beginning of nearly a century of True Whig Party dominance in Liberian politics. In 1899, the Republican Party disappeared.[1]

Electoral History

Presidential elections

Election year Party candidate Results
1863 Daniel Bashiel Warner Elected
1865 Daniel Bashiel Warner Elected
1867 James Spriggs Payne Elected
1869 James Spriggs Payne Lost
1871 Joseph Jenkins Roberts Elected
1873 Joseph Jenkins Roberts Elected
1875 James Spriggs Payne Elected


  1. ^ a b Carl Patrick Burrowes (2004). Power and Press Freedom in Liberia, 1830-1970. Africa World Press. p. 312.
  2. ^ Tue (August 7, 2014). "Whither, Party Politics In Liberia?". Faily Observer.
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