Rendsburg

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Rendsburg
Railway bridge
Railway bridge
Coat of arms of Rendsburg
Coat of arms
Location of Rendsburg
Rendsburg is located in Germany
Rendsburg
Rendsburg
Rendsburg is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Rendsburg
Rendsburg
Coordinates: 54°18′0″N 9°40′0″E / 54.30000°N 9.66667°E / 54.30000; 9.66667Coordinates: 54°18′0″N 9°40′0″E / 54.30000°N 9.66667°E / 54.30000; 9.66667
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Rendsburg-Eckernförde
Government
 • Mayor Pierre Gilgenast (SPD)
Area
 • Total 23.72 km2 (9.16 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
(2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 28,190
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
24768
Dialling codes 04331
Vehicle registration RD
Website www.rendsburg.de

Rendsburg (Danish: Rendsborg) is a town on the River Eider and the Kiel Canal in the central part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis (district) of Rendsburg-Eckernförde. As of 2006, it had a population of 28,476.

Close view of transporter bridge.

History

Rendsburg's foundation date is unknown. Rendsburg was first mentioned in 1199. An old form of its name in Danish was Reynoldsburgh.

It became a part of Holstein in the 13th century, but was transferred to Schleswig in 1460. Many times the town passed from Danish to German control and vice versa. In the German-Danish War in 1864 Rendsburg was finally seized by Kingdom of Prussia and Austria. After 1866 the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia. Since that time it has remained part of Germany.

Although the Eider is navigable for small craft from its mouth on the North Sea to Rendsburg, the town's importance rose in 1895, when the Kiel Canal was finished. The much larger ships that could navigate the Kiel Canal meant that, although situated inland, Rendsburg became a seaport and a dockyard.

Main sights

The most prominent structure in town, the Rendsburg High Bridge, a railway bridge made of steel, 2,500m in length and 41m in height, was constructed in 1913 to take the Neumünster–Flensburg railway over the Kiel Canal from the relatively flat land on either side. It is the longest railway bridge in Europe (highway/rail bridge Øresund Bridge is longer): on the northern side, the bridge connects to the Rendsburg Loop to gain height and to allow trains to continue to serve the Rendsburg station. Suspended from the railway bridge, a transporter bridge - one of only twenty ever built - traverses the canal.

The German Army's Air Defence School and the Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz are both located in Rendsburg.

Other sights include:

  • Town hall, 16th century
  • Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church), 1286
  • Kiel Canal Pedestrian Tunnel, longest pedestrian tunnel in the world
  • The longest bench in the world (501 m), on the banks of the Kiel Canal
  • Jewish Museum Rendsburg[2]
  • Museums in the Cultural Centre (Historical Museum Rendsburg / Printing Museum)[3]

Notable residents, sons and daughters of Rendsburg

Michael Maier portrait, 1618
Maria Davids, 1905
Hans Blohm, 2009
Jost de Jager, 2011
early times
  • Michael Maier (1568–1622) a German physician, counsellor to Rudolf II Habsburg, a learned alchemist, epigramist and amateur composer
  • Christian Scriver (1629–1693) a German Lutheran minister and devotional writer
  • Marquard Gude (1635–1689) a German archaeologist and classical scholar
  • Calmer Hambro (1747-1806) a Danish merchant and banker.
19th C
20th C
  • Erhard Asmus (1907–1978) author of Low German comedies [6]
  • Hans Egon Holthusen (1913–1997) lyric poet, essayist, and literary scholar
  • Hans Blohm (born 1927) a photographer and author, in Canada
  • Ralph-Rainer Wuthenow (born 1928), literary scholar [7]
  • Hinrich Seidel (born 1931) a German chemist and President of the University of Hannover [8]
  • Otto Bernhardt (born 1942), CDU politician
  • Peter Reichel (born 1942), political scientist and historian [9]
  • Hartmut Lutz (born 1945) University Professor with a special interest in Native American and Native Canadian studies.
  • Gesine Froese (born 1947), journalist and author [10]
  • Dorit Urd Feddersen-Petersen (born 1948), behavioral scientist [11]
  • Herbert H. Klement (born 1949), Protestant theologian and academic [12]
  • Hanne Haller (1950-2005) a German pop singer, composer, writer, producer and sound engineer
  • Ingo Langner (born 1951), a documentary filmmaker, author, publicist [13]
  • Andreas Willers (born 1957), German jazz musician [14]
  • Gerhard Delling (born 1959) a German journalist and author
  • Pierre Gilgenast (born 1965), SPD Mayor of Rendsburg [15]
  • Jost de Jager (born 1965) CDU politician
  • Philip Kraft (born 1969) a German fragrance chemist
  • Noah Wunsch (born 1970) a German painter, photographer and designer.
  • Arne Feldhusen (born 1971) film director [16]
  • Marco Wriedt (born 1984), guitarist and composer [17]
Sport

International relations

Rendsburg is twinned with:

Friendship agreements

Rendsbug also has friendship agreements with:

References

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2016] (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ http://www.schloss-gottorf.de/juedisches-museum
  3. ^ http://www.museen-rendsburg.de
  4. ^ Danish Wiki, Levin Moses Wallach
  5. ^ http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/leschen-heinrich-adolph-13043
  6. ^ German Wiki, Erhard Asmus
  7. ^ German Wiki, Ralph-Rainer Wuthenow
  8. ^ German Wiki, Hinrich Seidel
  9. ^ German Wiki, Peter Reichel
  10. ^ German Wiki, Gesine Froese
  11. ^ German Wiki, Dorit Urd Feddersen-Petersen
  12. ^ German Wiki, Herbert H. Klement
  13. ^ German Wiki, Ingo Langner
  14. ^ German Wiki, Andreas Willers
  15. ^ German Wiki, Pierre Gilgenast
  16. ^ German Wiki, Arne Feldhusen
  17. ^ German Wiki, Marco Wriedt
  18. ^ "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Archived from the original on 7 September 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.

External links

Media related to Rendsburg at Wikimedia Commons

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