Renan Calheiros

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His Excellency
Renan Calheiros
Foto oficial de Renan Calheiros.jpg
President of the Federal Senate of Brazil
In office
1 February 2013 – 1 February 2017
Preceded by José Sarney
Succeeded by Eunício Oliveira
In office
1 February 2005 – 4 December 2007
Preceded by José Sarney
Succeeded by Tião Viana (acting)
Senator from Alagoas
Assumed office
1 February 1995
Minister of Justice of Brazil
In office
7 April 1998 – 1 July 1999
President Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Preceded by Jose de Jesus Filho
Succeeded by José Carlos Dias
Federal Deputy
In office
1 February 1983 – 1 February 1991
Constituency Alagoas
State Deputy
In office
1 February 1979 – 1 February 1983
Constituency Alagoas
Personal details
Born (1955-09-16) 16 September 1955 (age 62)
Murici, Brazil
Political party MDB (1979–1982)
PMDB (1982–present)
Spouse(s) Maria Verônica Rodrigues
Children 3
Alma mater Federal University of Alagoas

José Renan Vasconcelos Calheiros (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁeˈnɐ̃ kaˈʎejɾus]; born in Murici, Alagoas, on September 16, 1955) is a Brazilian politician and former President of the Senate of Brazil, for the fourth time. He has represented the state of Alagoas in the senate as a member of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party since 1 February 1995. Renan's presidency of the Brazilian Senate, a term that started February 1st 2013, was revoked December 5, 2016 by a minister of the Brazilian Supreme Court, Marco Aurélio Mello, who said that a person under investigation could not be in the line of succession for the presidency. However the Supreme Court decided December 7, 2016 that Renan could remain senate president, without being in the succession.[11]

Calheiros meets with President Dilma Rousseff at the Planalto Palace in June 2015.

On May 25, 2007, Veja magazine accused Calheiros of accepting funds from a construction industry lobbyist,[1] to pay child support for a child from a previous extramarital affair with broadcast journalist Monica Veloso (pt). In trying to justify the origin of the funds, subsequent investigations into Calheiros' business dealings led to other revelations of income tax fraud and the use of a proxy to buy a stake in a radio station. Calheiros was subject to a disciplinary inquiry by the senate's ethics committee on four different counts. On September 12, 2007, the senate voted by secret ballot against impeaching Calheiros on the lobbyist funds accusation. He still faces[when?] three separate inquiries on other charges.[2] After the vote public outrage forced congress to eliminate secret ballot voting for ethics violations, meaning Calheiros' three other inquiries, if approved by the ethics committee, will be subject to an open ballot vote in the senate floor.[3]

On October 11, 2007, Calheiros stepped down as president of the senate, taking a 45-day leave of absence from the position. The ethics inquiries continued to progress through the senate committees.[4]

Calheiros worked for both the Fernando Collor de Mello and Fernando Henrique Cardoso governments.[5]

On February 1, 2013, he was again elected president of the Brazilian Senate.[6] Due to the accusations mentioned above, many Brazilians became upset about his election and some started an online petition demanding Renan's impeachment.[7] As of February 2013, it had been signed by more than 1.6 million Brazilians.[7]

The Senate board (João Alberto, Sérgio Petecão, Zezé Perrella, Romero Jucá, Gladson Cameli, Vicentinho Alves) together with Renan Calheiros refused to obey an order from the Supreme Federal Court (Federal Supreme Court) to remove Calheiros from the presidency because he became defendant of embezzlement (peculation in the penal code). The Senate maneuvered so that the justice official could not handle the judicial notice and Calheiros refused to sign it.[8]

References

  1. ^ Romero, Simon (2016-11-25). "Brazil's President, Michel Temer, Embroiled in New Corruption Scandal". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-11-25. 
  2. ^ Veja a cronologia do caso Renan Calheiros. Folha de S. Paulo. September 26, 2007. Retrieved on October 7, 2007.
  3. ^ Guerreiro, Gabriela. Senado aprova fim das sessões secretas para processos de cassação. Folha de S. Paulo. September 26, 2007. Retrieved on October 7, 2007.
  4. ^ Brazil Senate head steps down for now amid probe. Reuters. October 11, 2007. Retrieved on October 12, 2007.
  5. ^ A guerra eleitoral e o mercado na Internet
  6. ^ Campanerut, Camila; Calgaro, Fernanda (1 February 2013). "Denunciado ao STF, Renan Calheiros volta à presidência do Senado". UOL Notícias (in Portuguese). Brasília: Grupo Folha. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Unstoppable?". The Economist. São Paulo: Economist Group. 16 February 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mesa do Senado se recusa a cumprir ordem que afasta Renan". Retrieved 2016-12-09 – via http://veja.abril.com.br. 

External links

  • Official website
  • [1]
Political offices
Preceded by
Jose de Jesus Filho
Minister of Justice
1998–1999
Succeeded by
José Carlos Dias
Preceded by
José Sarney
President of the Senate
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Garibaldi Alves Filho
President of the Senate
2013–2017
Succeeded by
Eunício Oliveira
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