Remington XP-100

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Remington XP-100
The Remington XP-100
Type Bullpup bolt-action pistol
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Remington Arms Company
Designed 1961
Manufacturer Remington Arms Company
Produced 1963–1998
Variants XP-100 Varmint Special, XP-100 Silhouette, XP-100 Hunter, XP-100 Custom, XP-100R, XR-100 Rangemaster
Barrel length 10.75 or 14.5 in. (273 or 368 mm)

Cartridge .221 Fireball, .22-250 Remington, .223 Remington, .250 Savage, 6mm BR Remington, 7mm BR Remington, 7mm-08 Remington, .308 Winchester, .35 Remington
Action Bolt action
Effective firing range 200–300 m
Maximum firing range 300 m
Sights Iron sights on original version, Optical scope

The Remington XP-100 (from eXperimental Pistol number 100) is a bolt-action pistol produced by Remington Arms from 1963 to 1998. The XP-100 was one of the first handguns designed for long-range shooting, and introduced the .221 Remington Fireball (often called .221 Fireball) and 6mm-223 6×45mm. The XP-100 was noted for its accuracy and is still competitive today in the sport of handgun varminting, which it helped create.[1]


The XP-100 was based on Remington's short action bolt action carbine, the Remington Model 40X, which influenced the later Remington Model 600 rifle.[2] The XP-100 was initially introduced with a 10¾" barrel set into a nylon stock with an unusual center-mounted grip. Chambered in .222 Remington in early prototypes, the short barrel produced significant noise and muzzle flash. Subsequently the case was shortened to reduce powder capacity to a volume more suited to the shorter barrel of a pistol. The resulting cartridge, the .221 Fireball, produced factory loaded velocities of over 825 m/s (2,700 ft/s) from the short barrel, and accuracy rivaling the parent .222 Remington, one of the most accurate cartridges made.[1]

All but the XP-100R model were single-shot designs, while the XP-100R had a small internal magazine (holding four rounds), similar to most bolt-action rifles. The R model - for "repeater" - was made 1991-1997 in .223 Rem., .250 Savage, 7mm-08 Rem., .308 Win., .35 Rem., and 350 Rem. Mag. It was reintroduced in 1998, this time without sights, in .223 Rem., .22-250 Rem., .260 Rem., and .35 Rem.[2]

Model history

The XP-100 went through a number of changes during its production run, and many variations were only available through the Remington Custom shop. The most significant changes in the later versions were to barrel length, which went to 14½", and the grip location, which was moved to the rear of the stock. The calibers changed; with the elimination of the original 10¾" barrel, the reduced powder capacity was no longer such a requirement, and the chamberings switched to standard commercial rifle cartridges. By the time the XP-100 was canceled, it faced stiff competition from other bolt-action pistols such as the Savage Striker as well as the versatile Thompson Center Arms break-action Contender.[2]

Model production by year

  • XP-100 (1963–1985)
  • XP-100 Varmint Special (1986–1992)
  • XP-100 Silhouette (1980–1997)
  • XP-100 Hunter (1993–1994)
  • XP-100 Custom (1986–1997)[3]
  • XP-100R (1998)[4]
  • XR-100 (2005–Present)[5]

Caliber production by year

Current production

The XP-100 action was used as the basis for a new single-shot rifle from Remington called the XR-100 Rangemaster.[5]

While the XP-100 has disappeared from Remington's lineup (Remington is primarily a maker of rifles and shotguns), the .221 Fireball remains in production. The Model 700 rifle has been available since 2002 in a .221 Fireball chambering; while it lacks the velocity attainable with the vastly more popular .223 Remington, the short .221 Fireball delivers most of the performance with far less noise and flash.[6]

Factory recall

XP-100 pistols and Remington Model 600 rifles were recalled in 1979 because of a safety issue. The bolt was fully locked when the safety was on, making it impossible to unload the gun with the safety on. Remington made a free modification available that allowed the bolt to open while the gun was on safe, allowing it to be unloaded while the gun was still on safe.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Marshall, John (October 2007). "Classic Handguns: The Remington XP-100 .221 Fireball Single-shot Pistol". The Blue Press by Dillon (#184): 36–37.
  2. ^ a b c Marcot, Roy Martin (2005). The history of Remington Firearms. Globe Pequot. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-59228-690-4.
  3. ^ a b "Remington Arms' Firearm Model History for the XP-100". Archived from the original on 2009-12-13.
  4. ^ a b "Remington Arms Firearm Model History for the XP-100R". Archived from the original on 2006-10-15.
  5. ^ a b c "XR-100 Rangemaster history". Archived from the original on 2007-12-09.
  6. ^ "The Reload Bench page on the .221 Fireball". [self-published source]

External links

  • User Manual
  • The American Handgunner, Jan/Feb 1979 Coverage
  • The American Handgunner, July/Aug 1982 Coverage
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