Regions of Slovakia

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Regions of Slovakia
Kraje Slovenska
Category Unitary state
Location Slovak Republic
Number 8 Regions
Populations 554,172 (Trnava) – 798,596 (Prešov)
Areas 2,052.6 km2 (792.5 sq mi) (Bratislava) – 9,454.8 km2 (3,650.5 sq mi) (Banská Bystrica)
Government Region government, National government
Subdivisions District

Since 1949 (except 1990–1996), Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje (singular kraj; usually translated as "Regions" with capital R).[1] Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are currently eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy (counties or districts). There are currently 79 Districts.

List

After a period without kraje and without any equivalent (1990–1996), the kraje were reintroduced in 1996. As for administrative division, Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 kraje since 24 July 1996:

Flag Arms Region Capital Pop. Area (km²) Density
Bratislavsky vlajka.svg Bratislavský kraj COA.svg Bratislava Bratislava 603,699 2,052.6 294.11
Trnavsky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Trnawski COA.svg Trnava Trnava 554,172 4,172.2 132.76
Trenciansky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Trenczyński COA.svg Trenčín Trenčín 600,386 4,501.9 133.36
Nitriansky vlajka.svg Erb Nitrianskeho samosprávneho kraja.jpg Nitra Nitra 708,498 6,343.4 111.69
Zilinsky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Żyliński COA.svg Žilina Žilina 694,763 6,808.4 102.04
Banskobystricky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Bańskobystrzycki COA.svg Banská Bystrica Banská Bystrica 657,119 9,454.8 69.50
Presovsky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Preszowski COA.svg Prešov Prešov 798,596 8,974.5 88.98
Kosicky vlajka.svg SŁO Kraj Koszycki COA.svg Košice Košice 771,947 6,751.9 114.33

Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 samosprávne kraje (self-governing regions), which are called by the Constitution vyššie územné celky (Higher Territorial Units), abbr. VÚC. The territory and borders of the self-governing regions are identical with the territory and borders of the kraje. Therefore, the word "kraj" can be replaced by "VÚC" or "samosprávny kraj" in each case in the above list. The main difference is that organs of samosprávne kraje are self-governance, with an elected chairperson and assembly, while the organs of kraje are appointed by the government.

Name

The term "Region" (Slovak: kraj) should not be confused with:

History

Prior to 1949

Historically, Slovakia was not divided into kraje, but into counties (Slovak: župy or stolice). This was the case when present-day Slovakia was part of:

In 1928–1939 (and formally also 1945–1948) Slovakia as a whole formed the administrative unit "Slovak land" (Krajina slovenská) within Czechoslovakia.

Kraje 24 December 1948/1 January 1949 – 30 June 1960

  • Bratislavský kraj (Bratislava Region)
  • Banskobystrický kraj (Banská Bystrica Region)
  • Košický kraj (Košice Region)
  • Nitriansky kraj (Nitra Region)
  • Prešovský kraj (Prešov Region)
  • Žilinský kraj (Žilina Region)

Each kraj was named after its principal city.

Kraje July 1, 1960 – December 19, 1990

Note: The kraje were abolished from July 1, 1969 to December 28, 1970 and reintroduced then.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Regions". Slovakia.com. 

External links

  • EU-maps (the kraje correspond to the NUTS 3 level with EUROSTAT)
  • Former names of all Slovakia´s towns and villages prior IWW (prior 1918)
  • Nature and lanscsape of Eastern Slovakia in photo
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