List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

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This is the list of regencies and cities of Indonesia. Both regencies and cities are second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. They are roughly equivalent to American counties.[1]

In Indonesia, both regency and city are at the same administration level, each having their own local government and legislative body. The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural, larger area than a city. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities.

A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is headed by a regent, known locally as bupati, while a city (Indonesian: kota) is headed by a mayor (walikota). All regents, mayors and members of legislatures are directly elected via elections to serve for a five year term which can be renewed once. Each regency or city is divided further into districts more commonly known as kecamatan, or distrik in Papua.

An administrative city is a city without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The mayor of an administrative city is directly appointed by the Governor. This type of city in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta which consisted of 5 administrative cities and 1 administrative regency.

Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and municipalities became the key administrative units responsible for providing most governmental services.[2]

The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Each regency has an administrative centre, the regency seat.[3]

Description

Origin of "regency"

Portrait of a Javanese regent in gala uniform (circa 1900).

A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. The Indonesian term kabupaten is also sometimes translated as "municipality". Regencies and cities are divided into Districts (Kecamatan).

The English name "regency" comes from the Dutch colonial period, when regencies were ruled by bupati (or regents) and were known as regentschap (kabupaten in Javanese and subsequently Indonesian). Bupati had been regional lords under the pre-colonial monarchies of Java. When the Dutch abolished or curtailed those monarchies, the bupati were left as the most senior indigenous authority. They were not strictly speaking "native rulers" because the Dutch claimed full sovereignty over their territory, but in practice they had many of the attributes of petty kings (including elaborate regalia and palaces, and a high degree of impunity).

Etymology

The Indonesian title of bupati is originally a loanword from Sanskrit originating in India, a shortening of the Sanskrit title bhumi-pati, (bhumi, भूमि, "(of the) land" + pati, पति, "lord", hence bhumi-pati, "lord of the land"). In Indonesia, bupati was originally used as a Javanese title for regional rulers in precolonial kingdoms, its first recorded usage being in a Telaga Batu inscription during the Sriwijaya period in which bhupati is mentioned among the titles of local rulers who paid allegiance to Sriwijaya's kings.[4] Related titles which were also used in precolonial Indonesia are adipati ("duke") and senapati ("lord of the Army", or "general").

Pre-Independence Period

Regencies in Java territorial units were grouped together into Residencies headed by exclusively European Residents. This term hinted that the Residents had a quasi-diplomatic status in relation to the bupati (and indeed they had such a relationship with the native rulers who continued to prevail in much of Indonesia outside Java), but in practice the bupati had to follow Dutch instructions on any matter of concern to the colonial authorities.

The relationship between those sides was ambivalent: while legal and military power rested with the Dutch government (or, for a long time, with the Dutch East India Company (commonly known as the VOC, an abbreviation of the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) under a Governor General in Batavia on Java, the regents held higher protocollary rank than the white officials who supposedly advised them and held day-to-day sway over the population. After the independence of Indonesia in 1945, the terms bupati and kabupaten were applied throughout the archipelago to the administrative unit below the residency (karesidenan).

Recent history

Since the start of the Reform Era in 1998 a remarkable secession of district governments has arisen in Indonesia. This process has become known as pemekaran ("secession"). Following the surge of support for decentralisation across Indonesia which occurred following the end of the Soeharto era in 1998, key new decentralisation laws were passed in 1999. Subsequently, there was a jump in the number of regencies (and cities) from around 300 at the end of 1998 to over 490 in 2008 ten years later. This secession of new regencies, welcome at first, has become increasingly controversial within Indonesia because the administrative fragmentation has proved costly and has not brought the hoped-for benefits.

Senior levels of the administration have expressed a general feeling that the process of pemekaran now needs to be slowed down (or even stopped for the time being) but local politicians at various levels across government in Indonesia continue to express strong populist support for the continued creation of new regencies.[5]

Since 1998, a large portion of governance have been delegated from central government in Jakarta to local regencies, with regencies now playing important role in providing services to Indonesian people.[6]

On 22 October 2012, the House of Representatives’ Commission II on home affairs and regional autonomy approved the establishment of a new province (North Kalimantan) as well as four new regencies; Pangandaran Regency in West Java, South Manokwari Regency and Arfak Mountains Regency in West Papua, and West Pesisir Regency in Lampung.

List of regencies and cities by province

Sumatra

Special Region of Aceh

Regencies in Aceh

No Regency Capital
1 Aceh Besar Jantho
2 Aceh Jaya Calang
3 Aceh Singkil Singkil
4 Aceh Tamiang Karang Baru
5 Bener Meriah Simpang Tiga Redelong
6 Bireuën Bireuën
7 Central Aceh Takengon
8 East Aceh Langsa
9 Gayo Lues Blangkejeren
10 Nagan Raya Suka Makmue
11 North Aceh Lhoksukon
12 Pidie Sigli
13 Pidie Jaya Meureudu
14 Simeulue Sinabang
15 South Aceh Tapaktuan
16 Southeast Aceh Kutacane
17 Southwest Aceh Blangpidie
18 West Aceh Meulaboh
No City
1 Banda Aceh
2 Langsa
3 Lhokseumawe
4 Sabang
5 Subulussalam

North Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Asahan Kisaran
2 Batubara Limapuluh
3 Central Tapanuli
(Tapanuli Tengah)
Pandan
4 Dairi Sidikalang
5 Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam
6 Humbang Hasundutan Dolok Sanggul
7 Karo Kabanjahe
8 Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat
9 Langkat Stabat
10 Mandailing Natal Panyabungan
11 Nias Gunungsitoli
12 North Labuhan Batu Aek Kanopan
13 North Nias Lotu
14 North Padang Lawas Gunung Tua
15 North Tapanuli Tarutung
16 Padang Lawas Sibuhuan
17 Pakpak Bharat Salak
18 Samosir Panguruan
19 Serdang Bedagai Sei Rampah
20 Simalungun Raya
21 South Labuhan Batu Kota Pinang
22 South Nias Teluk Dalam
23 South Tapanuli Sipirok
24 Toba Samosir Balige
25 West Nias Lahomi
No City
1 Binjai
2 Gunungsitoli
3 Medan
4 Padang Sidempuan
5 Pematangsiantar
6 Sibolga
7 Tanjung Balai
8 Tebing Tinggi

West Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Agam Lubuk Basung
2 Dharmasraya Pulau Punjung
3 Lima Puluh Kota Sarilamak
4 Mentawai Islands Tuapejat
5 Padang Pariaman Parit Malintang
6 Pasaman Lubuk Sikaping
7 Sijunjung Muaro Sijunjung
8 Solok Arosuka
9 South Pesisir Painan
10 South Solok Padang Aro
11 Tanah Datar Batusangkar
12 West Pasaman Simpang Ampek
No City
1 Bukittinggi
2 Padang
3 Padang Panjang
4 Pariaman
5 Payakumbuh
6 Sawahlunto
7 Solok

Jambi

No Regency Capital
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian
2 Bungo Bungo
3 Kerinci Siulak
4 Merangin Bangko
5 Muaro Jambi Sengeti
6 Sarolangun Sarolangun
7 East Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak
8 West Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal
9 Tebo Tebo
No City
1 Jambi
2 Sungai Penuh

Riau

No Regency Capital
1 Bengkalis Regency Bengkalis
2 Indragiri Hilir Tembilahan
3 Indragiri Hulu Regency Rengat
4 Kampar Regency Bangkinang
5 Kuantan Singingi Teluk Kuantan
6 Meranti Islands Selat Panjang
7 Pelalawan Pangkalan Kerinci
8 Rokan Hulu Pasir Pangaraian
9 Rokan Hilir Bagansiapiapi
10 Siak Regency Siak Sri Indrapura
No City
1 Dumai
2 Pekanbaru

Bengkulu

No Regency Capital
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi
2 Kaur Bintuhan
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang
4 Lebong Muara Aman
5 Muko-Muko Muko-Muko
6 North Bengkulu Argamakmur
7 Rejang Lebong Curup
8 Seluma Tais
9 South Bengkulu Manna
No City
1 Bengkulu

South Sumatra

No Regency Capital
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi
4 Lahat Lahat
5 Muarama Enim Muara Enim
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti Baru
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua
No City
1 Lubuklinggau
2 Pagar Alam
3 Palembang
4 Prabumulih

Lampung

No Regency Capital
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih
2 East Lampung Sukadana
3 Mesuji Mesuji
4 North Lampung Kotabumi
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu
7 South Lampung Kalianda
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu
11 West Lampung Liwa
12 West Pesisir Krui
13 West Tulang Bawang Central Tulang Bawang
No City
1 Bandar Lampung
2 Metro

Bangka-Belitung Islands

No Regency Capital
1 Bangka Sungai Liat
2 Belitung Tanjung Pandan
3 Central Bangka Koba
4 East Belitung Manggar
5 South Bangka Toboali
6 West Bangka Mentok
No City
1 Pangkalpinang

Riau Islands

No Regency Capital
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun
4 Lingga Daik
5 Natuna Ranai
No City
1 Batam
2 Tanjungpinang

Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

No Administrative regency Capital
1 Kepulauan Seribu Pramuka Island
No Administrative city
1 Central Jakarta Menteng
2 East Jakarta Jatinegara
3 North Jakarta Koja
4 South Jakarta Kebayoran Baru
5 West Jakarta Kembangan

Banten

No Regency Capital
1 Lebak Rangkasbitung
2 Pandeglang Pandeglang
3 Serang Ciruas
4 Tangerang Tigaraksa
No City
1 Cilegon
2 Serang
3 Tangerang
4 South Tangerang Ciputat

West Java

Map of West Java with cities and regencies names.png

Name Capital Area
in Square km
Population
2005 estimate
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014 estimate[7]
Bandung City 167.27 2,288,570 2,394,873 2,575,478
Banjar City 113.49 162,383 175,157 188,365
Bekasi City 206.61 1,993,478 2,334,871 2,510,951
Bogor City 118.50 891,467 950,334 1,022,002
Cimahi City 39.27 546,879 541,177 581,989
Cirebon City 37.36 308,771 296,389 318,741
Depok City 200.29 1,374,903 1,738,570 1,869,681
Sukabumi City 48.25 291,277 298,681 321,205
Tasikmalaya City 171.61 582,423 635,464 683,386
Bandung Regency Soreang 1,767.96 4,037,274 3,178,543 3,418,246
Bekasi Regency Cikarang 1,224.88 1,983,815 2,630,401 2,828,767
Bogor Regency Cibinong 2,710.62 3,829,053 4,771,932 5,131,798
Ciamis Regency Ciamis 2,424.71 1,511,942 1,532,504 1,648,075
Cianjur Regency Cianjur 3,840.16 2,079,770 2,171,281 2,335,024
Cirebon Regency Sumber 984.52 2,044,257 2,067,196 2,223,089
Garut Regency Garut 3,074.07 2,196,422 2,404,121 2,585,423
Indramayu Regency Indramayu 2,040.11 1,689,247 1,663,737 1,789,204
Karawang Regency Karawang 1,652.20 1,926,471 2,127,791 2,288,254
Kuningan Regency Kuningan 1,110.56 1,045,691 1,035,589 1,113,686
Majalengka Regency Majalengka 1,204.24 1,167,566 1,166,473 1,254,440
Pangandaran Regency Parigi (id) ** ** ** **
Purwakarta Regency Purwakarta 825.74 753,306 852,521 916,812
Subang Regency Subang 1,893.95 1,380,047 1,465,157 1,575,649
Sukabumi Regency Sukabumi 4,145.70 2,168,892 2,341,409 2,517,982
Sumedang Regency Sumedang 1,518.33 1,014,019 1,093,602 1,176,074
Tasikmalaya Regency Singaparna 2,552.19 1,619,052 1,675,675 1,802,043
West Bandung Regency Ngamprah (id) 1,305.77 * 1,510,284 1,624,179
Totals 35,377.76 38,886,975 43,053,732 46,300,543
Notes

* - the 2005 population is included in the total for Bandung Regency, of which West Bandung Regency was formerly part.
** - the figures for Ciamis Regency include those for the new Pangandaran Regency, created in 2012.

Central Java

Regencies in Central Java

No Regency Capital
1 Banjarnegara Banjarnegara
2 Banyumas Purwokerto
3 Batang Batang
4 Blora Blora
5 Boyolali Boyolali
6 Brebes Brebes
7 Cilacap Cilacap
8 Demak Demak
9 Grobogan Purwodadi
10 Jepara Jepara
11 Karanganyar Karanganyar
12 Kebumen Kebumen
13 Kendal Kendal
14 Klaten Klaten
15 Kudus Kudus
16 Magelang Mungkid
17 Pati Pati
18 Pekalongan Kajen
19 Pemalang Pemalang
20 Purbalingga Purbalingga
21 Purworejo Purworejo
22 Rembang Rembang
23 Semarang Ungaran
24 Sragen Sragen
25 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo
26 Tegal Slawi
27 Temanggung Temanggung
28 Wonogiri Wonogiri
29 Wonosobo Wonosobo
No City
1 Magelang
2 Surakarta
3 Salatiga
4 Semarang
5 Pekalongan
6 Tegal

East Java

Regencies in East Java

No Regency Capital
1 Bangkalan Bangkalan
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi
3 Blitar Wlingi
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso
6 Gresik Gresik
7 Jember Jember
8 Jombang Jombang
9 Kediri Pare
10 Lamongan Lamongan
11 Lumajang Lumajang
12 Madiun Madiun
13 Magetan Magetan
14 Malang Kepanjen
15 Mojokerto Mojokerto
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk
17 Ngawi Ngawi
18 Pacitan Pacitan
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan
20 Pasuruan Pasuruan
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo
22 Probolinggo Probolinggo
23 Sampang Sampang
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo
25 Situbondo Situbondo
26 Sumenep Sumenep
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek
28 Tuban Tuban
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung
No City
1 Batu
2 Blitar
3 Kediri
4 Madiun
5 Malang
6 Mojokerto
7 Pasuruan
8 Probolinggo
9 Surabaya

Special Region of Yogyakarta

No Regency Capital
1 Bantul Bantul
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari
3 Kulon Progo Wates
4 Sleman Sleman
No City
1 Yogyakarta

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

No Regency Capital
1 Badung Mangupura
2 Bangli Bangli
3 Buleleng Singaraja
4 Gianyar Gianyar
5 Jembrana Negara
6 Karangasem Amlapura
7 Klungkung Semarapura
8 Tabanan Tabanan
No City
1 Denpasar

West Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Capital
1 Bima Woha
2 Central Lombok Praya
3 Dompu Dompu
4 East Lombok Selong
5 North Lombok Tanjung
6 Sumbawa Sumbawa Besar
7 West Lombok Gerung
8 West Sumbawa Taliwang
No City
1 Mataram
2 Bima

East Nusa Tenggara

No Regency Capital
1 Alor Kalabahi
2 Belu Atambua
3 Central Sumba Waibakul
4 East Flores Larantuka
5 East Manggarai Borong
6 East Sumba Waingapu
7 Ende Ende
8 Kupang Oelamasi
9 Lembata Lewoleba
10 Malaka Betun
11 Manggarai Ruteng
12 Nagekeo Mbay
13 Ngada Bajawa
14 North Central Timor Kefamenanu
15 Rote Ndao Baa
16 Sabu Raijua West Savu
17 Sikka Maumere
18 South Central Timor Soe
19 Southwest Sumba Tambolaka
20 West Manggarai Labuan Bajo
21 West Sumba Waikabubak
No City
1 Kupang

Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Bengkayang Bengkayang
2 Kapuas Hulu Putussibau
3 North Kayong Sukadana
4 Ketapang Ketapang
5 Kubu Raya Sungai Raya
6 Landak Ngabang
7 Melawi Nanga Pinoh
8 Pontianak Mempawah
9 Sambas Sambas
10 Sanggau Sanggau
11 Sekadau Sekadau
12 Sintang Sintang
No City
1 Pontianak
2 Singkawang

South Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Balangan Paringin
2 Banjar Martapura
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan
8 Tabalong Batulicin
9 Tanah Laut Tanjung
10 Tanah Bumbu Pelaihari
11 Tapin Rantau
No City
1 Banjarbaru
2 Banjarmasin

Central Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 East Barito Tamiang
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun
4 Kapuas Kapuas
5 Katingan Kasongan
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu
8 North Barito Muarateweh
9 Pulang Pisau Pulang Pisau
10 Sukamara Sukamara
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang
12 South Barito Buntok
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun
No City
1 Palangka Raya

East Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb
2 East Kutai Sangatta
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong
4 Mahakam Ulu Ujoh Bilang
5 North Penajam Paser Penajam
6 Paser Tanah Grogot
7 West Kutai Sendawar
No City
1 Balikpapan
2 Bontang
3 Samarinda

North Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Bulungan Tanjung Selor
2 Malinau Malinau
3 Nunukan Nunukan
4 Tana Tidung Tideng Pale
No City
1 Tarakan

Sulawesi

Gorontalo

No Regency Capital
1 Boalemo Tilamuta
2 Bone Bolango Suwawa
3 Gorontalo Limboto
4 North Gorontalo Kwandang
5 Pahuwato Marisa
No City
1 Gorontalo

South Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng
2 Barru Barru
3 Bone Watampone
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba
5 East Luwu Malili
6 Enrekang Enrekang
7 Gowa Sungguminasa
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu
9 Luwu Belopa
10 North Luwu Masamba
11 North Toraja Rantepao
12 Maros Maros
13 Pangkajene Islands Pangkajene
14 Pinrang Pinrang
15 Selayar Islands Benteng
16 Sinjai Sinjai
17 Sidenreng Rappang Sidenreng
18 Soppeng Watan Soppeng
19 Takalar Takalar
20 Tana Toraja Makale
21 Wajo Sengkang
No City
1 Makassar
2 Palopo
3 Pare-Pare

West Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1. Central Mamuju Tobadak
2. Majene Majene
3. Mamasa Mamasa
4. Mamuju Mamuju
5. North Mamuju Pasangkayu
6. Polewali Mandar Polewali

Southeast Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bombana Rumbia
2 Buton Bau-Bau
3 East Kolaka Tirawuta
4 Kolaka Kolaka
5 Konawe Unaaha
6 Konawe Islands Langara
7 Muna Raha
8 North Buton Burangga
9 North Kolaka Lasusua
10 North Konawe Wanggudu
11 South Konawe Andolo
12 Wakatobi Wangi-Wangi
No City
1 Bau-Bau
2 Kendari

Central Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Banggai Luwuk
2 Banggai Islands Salakan
3 Buol Buol
4 Banggai Laut Banggai
5 Donggala Donggala
6 Morowali Bungku
6 North Morowali Kolonodale
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi
9 Poso Poso
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana
12 Toli-Toli Toli-Toli
No City
1 Palu

North Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bolaang Mongondow Lolak
2 East Bolaang Mongondow Tutuyan
3 Minahasa Tondano
4 North Bolaang Mongondow Boroko
5 North Minahasa Airmadidi
6 Sangihe Islands Tahuna
7 Sitaro Islands Ondong
8 South Bolaang Mongondow Boolang Uki
9 South Minahasa Amurang
10 Southeast Minahasa Ratahan
11 Talaud Islands Melonguane
No City
1 Bitung
2 Kotamobagu
3 Manado
4 Tomohon

Maluku Islands

Maluku

No Regency Capital
1 Aru Islands Dobo
2 Buru Namlea
3 Central Maluku Masohi
4 Eastern Seram Bula
5 South Buru Namrole
6 Southeast Maluku Tual
7 Southwest Maluku Tiakur
8 Western Seram Piru
9 Western Southeast Maluku Saumlaki
No City
1 Ambon
2 Tual

North Maluku

No Regency Capital
1 Central Halmahera Weda
2 East Halmahera Maba
3 Morotai Island Daruba
4 North Halmahera Tobelo
5 South Halmahera Labuha
6 Sula Islands Sanana
7 Taliabu Island Bobong
8 West Halmahera Jailolo
No City
1 Ternate
2 Tidore Islands Soasiu

Papua

Special Region of West Papua

No Regency Capital
1 Fak-Fak Fak-Fak
2 Kaimana Kaimana
3 Manokwari Manokwari
4 Maybrat Kumurkek
5 Raja Ampat Waisai
6 Pegunungan Arfak
(Arfak Mountains)
Anggi
7 Sorong Aimas *
8 South Manokwari Ransiki
9 South Sorong Teminabuan
10 Tambrauw Fef
11 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni
12 Teluk Wondama Rasiei
No City
1 Sorong

Special Region of Papua

No Regency Capital
1 Asmat Agats
2 Biak Numfor Biak
3 Boven Digoel Tanahmerah
4 Central Mamberamo Kobakma
5 Deiyai Tigi
6 Dogiyai Kigamani
7 Intan Jaya Sugapa
8 Jayapura Sentani
9 Jayawijaya Wamena
10 Keerom Waris
11 Lanny Jaya Tiom
12 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso
13 Mappi Kepi
14 Merauke Merauke
15 Mimika Timika
16 Nabire Nabire
17 Nduga Kenyam
18 Paniai Enarotali
19 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil
20 Puncak Ilaga
21 Puncak Jaya Kota Mulia
22 Sarmi Sarmi
23 Supiori Sorendiweri
24 Tolikara Karubaga
25 Waropen Botawa
26 Yahukimo Sumohai
27 Yalimo Elelim
28 Yapen Islands Serui
No City
1 Jayapura

Proposed new regencies

On 25 October 2013 the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies/cities (and 8 new provinces),[8] as set out below:

“With these new regions, it is hoped that we can shorten the line of governance, improve land and security aspects, and no less important, support historical and cultural [institutions],” House Speaker Marzuki Alie said.

The agreement will be forwarded on for government approval.

Marzuki said that the new regions, especially in areas bordering other nations, will be able to support more development so that border areas develop faster and become less vulnerable to the territorial claims of other countries.

“We hope everything will go smoothly,” he said.

Under the new package, eight new provinces will join Indonesia’s current 34; three of the new provinces are in Papua and West Papua. The new provinces are Pulau Sumbawa, South Papua, Central Papua, Southwest Papua, Tapanuli, Nias, Kapuas Raya and Bolang Mongondow Raya.

The newly created regencies in Papua Province comprise the regencies of Gili Menawa, Moyo, Balin Senter, Bogogha, Puncak Trikora, Muara Digul, Admi Korbay, Katengban, Okika, Northwest Yapen, East Yapen, Numfor Island, Yalimek, Mambera Hulu, Southwest Yahukimo, East Yahukimo and Gondumisisare and the municipalities of Merauke and Lembah Baliem (Baliem Valley). The newly created regencies in West Papua comprise the regencies of Malamoy, Maibratsau, North Raja Ampat, South Raja Ampat, Raja Maskona, Okas, Kota Manokwari, West Manokwari and Imeo.

The other new regencies will comprise: Simalungun Hataran (created from Simalungun Regency) and Pantai Barat Mandailing (from Mandailing Natal Regency) in North Sumatra, Kundur Island (from Karimun Regency) in Riau Kepulauan, Renah Indojati (from South Pesisir Regency) in West Sumatra, the Muaro Bungo municipality (from Bungo Regency) in Jambi, the Lembak Regency (from Rejang Lebong Regency) in Bengkulu and the regencies of Bigi Maria (from Lahat Regency) and Pantai Timur (from Ogan Ilir Regency) in South Sumatra.

Additionally, three new regencies will be created in West Java: South Garut, or Garut Selatan (created from Garut Regency), North Sukabumi, or Sukabumi Utara (from Sukabumi Regency) and West Bogor, or Bogor Barat (from Bogor Regency).

Kalimantan will see four new regencies: Sekayam Raya (created from Sanggau Regency) and Banua Banjak (from Kapuas Hulu Regency) in West Kalimantan, and South Berau Pesisir (from Berau Regency) and South Paser (from Paser Regency) in East Kalimantan.

Sulawesi will see four as well: South Talaud, or Talaud Selatan (created from Talaud Islands Regency) in North Sulawesi, South Bone, or Bone Selatan (from Bone Regency) in South Sulawesi, and Bolio Huto, Panipi (from Gorontalo Regency) and West Gorontalo (from Pohuwato Regency) in Gorontalo; and two new municipalities: Tahuna (from Sangihe Islands Regency) and Langoa (from Minahasa Regency), both located in North Sulawesi.

Other new regencies will include South Lombok (created from East Lombok Regency) on Lombok island, the regency of Adonara (from East Flores Regency) and the Municipality of Maumere (from Sikka Regency) on Flores island, and the regencies of Wasile (from East Halmahera Regency) and Obi Islands (from South Halmahera Regency) in North Maluku.

Later in the same week, the House, at its last plenary meeting of 2013, approved the creation of a further seven new regencies - Mahakam Ulu (in East Kalimantan), Malaka (in East Nusa Tenggara), Central Mamuju (in West Sulawesi), Banggai Laut (in Central Sulawesi), Tailabu Island (in North Maluku), Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir (in South Sumatra) and East Kolaka (in Southeast Sulawesi).[8]

References

  1. ^ Turner, Mark; Owen Podger; Maria S. Sumardjono; Wayan K. Tirthayasa (2003). Decentralisation in Indonesia: redesigning the state. Australian National University. Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government. ISBN 0-7315-3697-5. 
  2. ^ Indonesia - The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013 
  3. ^ "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior. 
  4. ^ Casparis, J.G., (1956), Prasasti Indonesia II: Selected Inscriptions from the 7th to the 9th Century A.D., Dinas Purbakala Republik Indonesia, Bandung: Masa Baru.
  5. ^ Yosua Sitomorang, 'Strategic Asia: When it comes to Regional Autonomy in Indonesia, Breaking Up Should be Harder to Do', The Jakarta Globe, 9 June 2010.
  6. ^ Hill, Hal (September 18, 2013), Power shift in Indonesia, The Australian 
  7. ^ Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin Menurut Kabupaten/Kota Tahun 2014.
  8. ^ a b Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
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