Redding, California

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Redding, California
City in California
City of Redding
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay
Flag of Redding, California
Flag
Official seal of Redding, California
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Jewel of Northern California"[1]
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California
Location of Redding in Shasta County, California
Redding is located in California
Redding
Redding
Location in the United States
Redding is located in the US
Redding
Redding
Redding (the US)
Coordinates: 40°35′N 122°22′W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367Coordinates: 40°35′N 122°22′W / 40.583°N 122.367°W / 40.583; -122.367
Country United States
State  California
County Shasta
Incorporated October 4, 1887
Founded by Pierson B. Reading
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • City council Mayor Kristen Schreder
Brent Weaver
Francie Sullivan
Julie Winter
Adam McElvain
 • City manager Barry Tippin
Area[2]
 • Total 61.17 sq mi (158.44 km2)
 • Land 59.65 sq mi (154.49 km2)
 • Water 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)  2.50%
Elevation[3] 344 ft (172 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 89,861
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 91,808
 • Density 1,539.19/sq mi (594.28/km2)
Demonym(s) Reddingite
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 96001–96003, 96049, 96099
Area code 530
FIPS code 06-59920
GNIS feature IDs 277582, 2411531
Website Official website

Redding, officially the City of Redding, is the county seat of Shasta County, California, in the northern part of the state. It lies along the Sacramento River, is 162 miles (261 kilometers) north of Sacramento, and 120 miles (190 km) south of the Oregon border. Interstate 5 bisects the entire city, from the south to north before it approaches Shasta Lake, which is located 15 miles (24 km) to the north. The 2010 population was 89,861.[5][6] Redding is the largest city in the Shasta Cascade region, and it is the sixth-largest city in the Sacramento Valley, behind Sacramento, Elk Grove, Roseville, Vacaville and Chico.

Etymology

Benjamin Bernard Redding, namesake of the city.

During the gold rush, the area that is now composed of Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad so that it could build a northern terminus there. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad also built a town in the same area, which they named Redding in honor of Benjamin Redding. In 1874 there was a dispute over the name by local legislatures and it was changed for a time to Reading, in order to honor Pierson B. Reading, who founded the community of Shasta, but the name was officially changed back to Redding by 1880. It has been called Redding ever since.[7]

History

Indigenous culture

Before European settlers came to the area, it was inhabited by a tribe of Native Americans called the Wintu. At their height, the Wintu had as many as 239 villages in the Shasta County area.[8]

First settlers

Although Europeans had been to California as early as 1542, when Juan Cabrillo sailed to what is now the San Diego Bay, the indigenous Indians were probably the only inhabitants of far Northern California region until Russian fur trappers came through the area in 1815.

The first European settlement in the area was established in 1844 by Pierson B. Reading, an early California pioneer who received a Rancho Buena Ventura Mexican land grant for 26,632 acres (10,778 ha) that is now covered by Redding and Cottonwood, California. At the time, it was the northernmost nonnative settlement in California.

Founding of Redding

During the gold rush, the area that is now Redding was called Poverty Flats. In 1868 the first land agent for the Central Pacific Railroad, a former Sacramento politician named Benjamin Bernard Redding, bought property in Poverty Flats on behalf of the railroad for a northern terminus. In the process of building the terminus, the railroad also built the town of Redding which was officially incorporated on October 4, 1887.[9]

Early 20th century

In the early twentieth century the town's economic growth was spurred by the significant copper and iron mineral extraction industry nearby. However, the mining industry eventually declined, causing the economy and population to falter by 1920. It recovered in the thirties as the economy boomed due to the construction of Shasta Dam to the northwest. The building of the dam, which was completed in 1945, caused Redding's population to nearly double, also spurring the growth and development of other towns in the area.[10]

Mid to late 20th century

Redding continued to grow steadily in the nineteen fifties due to the region's growing lumber industry and tourism brought about by the newly completed dam. The constructions of Whiskeytown and Keswick dams also helped boost the economy by bringing new workers to the area. Highway Interstate 5 was built during the sixties and seventies, which added to development and tourism in the region.

Growth in Redding during the 60s and 70s was also caused by annexation of an area east of the Sacramento River made up of the unincorporated community of Enterprise. Enterprise residents voted to support the annexation primarily to acquire less expensive electricity via Redding's municipal utility, which receives power from the dam.

During the 1970s, the lumber industry suffered from decline. Lumber mills in the area closed down and heavily impacted the Redding area. Things later picked up, due to a retail and housing boom in the late 1980s that continued until the mid-1990s.

21st century

In 2017, the city adopted a new flag after holding a redesign contest.[11]

In late July 2018, the Carr Fire in Shasta county seriously impacted the Redding area with the destruction of at least 850[12] buildings, with several thousand more threatened, and 37,000 people instructed to evacuate.[13]

Geography and climate

Location

Redding is located at 40°34′36″N 122°22′13″W / 40.57667°N 122.37028°W / 40.57667; -122.37028 (40.576606, −122.370325).[14] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.2 square miles (159 square kilometers). 59.6 square miles (154 km2) of it is land, and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it (2.50%) is beneath water.

Redding is located at the very northwestern end of the Central Valley, which transitions into the Cascade foothills. The city is surrounded by mountains to the north, east, and west and fertile farm land to the south. Outermost parts of the city are part of the Cascade foothills, whereas southern and central areas are in the Sacramento Valley.[citation needed]

The elevation in Redding is 495 feet (151 meters) on average, whereas anywhere to the north, east, or west of downtown ranges between 550 feet (170 m) and 800 feet (240 m) feet. Southern portions range between 400 feet (120 m) and 500 feet (150 m).

The Shasta Dam on the Sacramento River provides a considerable level of flood protection for Redding. The dam is capable of controlling flows up to 79,000 cubic feet (7,300 cubic meters) per second. The flow rate exceeded this threshold in both 1970 and 1974.[15]

Soils in and around town are composed mostly of clay or gravelly loam texture, with red or brown mineral horizons. They are slightly or moderately acidic in their natural state.[16]

Subdivisions / Areas

Official

  • Bonnyview
  • Boulder Creek
  • College Highlands
  • Garden Tract
  • Gold Hills
  • Hacienda Heights
  • Hidden Hills
  • Lake Redding Estates
  • Layton Oaks
  • Mary Lake
  • Miracle Mile
  • Parkview
  • Plateau Circle
  • Ridgewood Estates
  • Shasta View Gardens
  • Stanford Hills
  • Sunset Terrace
  • Sunset West
  • The Bluffs
  • Western Ranches (Greenbelt)
  • Westwood Manor

Non-Official

  • Blossom Park
  • Buckeye
  • Buckeye Terrace
  • Downtown
  • Enterprise
  • Girvan
  • Greenwood Heights
  • Kutras Tract
  • Mt. Shasta Mall
  • Oasis
  • Powerline
  • Quartz Hill
  • Spring Hill
  • West Ridge

Mobile Home Communities

  • Redwood Estates
  • Los Robles Estates
  • Mountain Shadows Mobile Home Estates
  • Twin View Terrace Mobile Home Park
  • Redding Lakeside Mobile Homes Estates


Shopping Centers

  • Cobblestone Shopping Center
  • Cypress Square Shopping Center
  • Mt. Shasta Mall

Ecology

There are several rare and endangered species in Redding and its immediate vicinity. The Redding Redevelopment Plan EIR notes the California State listed endangered species, slender Orcutt grass (Orcuttia tenuis), occurs in eastern Redding near the municipal airport, where vernal pools are known to exist. This endemic grass is a Federal Candidate for listing and is endangered throughout its range, confined to several populations, and seriously threatened by agriculture, overgrazing, and residential development. Vernal pools provide the preferred habitat for this plant, which the California Native Plant Society considers a rare and endangered species.

Climate

Redding has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Winter (October–April) provides the most precipitation of any season in Redding—the weather tends to be either rainy or foggy and at times, snow occurs. Summers are hot and dry, but rain is possible, usually with a thunderstorm. The average daily maximum temperature in July stays near 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). The highest official recorded temperature in Redding was 118 °F (48 °C) on July 20, 1988. That was recorded at the nearby Redding airport. Some people in town recorded as high as 122 °F (50 °C) that same day. Redding has an average possible sunshine of 88%, the second-highest percentage (after Yuma, Arizona) of any US city.[17]

The city receives an average of 4.8 inches (12 centimeters) of snow annually.[18] It rarely gets sleet or freezing rain. Frost occurs commonly in December through February, less often in March or November. In spring, rain is common. The city is located near the southernmost point of the influence of the westerlies, and it therefore gets much more rain than most places in the Sacramento Valley; temperature differentials between land and sea cause moist air from the latter to flow over the city, producing precipitation, cloud and fog in the winter. The direction of this wind reverses in the summer, as hot, high-pressure air flows from land to sea, making the area very dry. Tornadoes are extremely rare; flooding occurs only around the area near the Sacramento River. The coldest temperature recorded in Redding was 17 °F (−8 °C).[citation needed]

Climate data for Redding Municipal Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
83
(28)
88
(31)
96
(36)
106
(41)
117
(47)
118
(48)
115
(46)
116
(47)
105
(41)
88
(31)
78
(26)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 55.0
(12.8)
59.7
(15.4)
64.5
(18.1)
70.5
(21.4)
80.8
(27.1)
90.2
(32.3)
98.4
(36.9)
96.6
(35.9)
90.4
(32.4)
77.8
(25.4)
62.5
(16.9)
54.5
(12.5)
75.1
(23.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 45.7
(7.6)
49.5
(9.7)
53.7
(12.1)
58.3
(14.6)
67.3
(19.6)
75.9
(24.4)
82.2
(27.9)
79.8
(26.6)
74.1
(23.4)
63.6
(17.6)
51.7
(10.9)
45.4
(7.4)
62.3
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 36.5
(2.5)
39.3
(4.1)
42.9
(6.1)
46.1
(7.8)
53.8
(12.1)
61.6
(16.4)
66.0
(18.9)
63.0
(17.2)
57.7
(14.3)
49.4
(9.7)
40.9
(4.9)
36.3
(2.4)
49.2
(9.6)
Record low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
42
(6)
53
(12)
50
(10)
40
(4)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
16
(−9)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.96
(151.4)
5.51
(140)
4.37
(111)
2.48
(63)
1.85
(47)
0.69
(17.5)
0.09
(2.3)
0.18
(4.6)
0.64
(16.3)
2.10
(53.3)
4.48
(113.8)
6.27
(159.3)
34.62
(879.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.4
(3.6)
0.6
(1.5)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
3.2
(8.1)
5.5
(14)
Average precipitation days 13.1 8.7 12.3 7.9 7.2 4.0 0.6 0.9 2.1 4.1 6.8 10.2 77.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226 256 312 351 395 423 451 421 338 314 251 204 3,942
Source: [19]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 600
1890 1,821 203.5%
1900 2,946 61.8%
1910 3,572 21.2%
1920 2,962 −17.1%
1930 4,188 41.4%
1940 8,109 93.6%
1950 10,256 26.5%
1960 12,773 24.5%
1970 16,659 30.4%
1980 42,103 152.7%
1990 66,462 57.9%
2000 80,865 21.7%
2010 89,861 11.1%
Est. 2016 91,808 [4] 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]

2010

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Redding had a population of 89,861. The population density was 1,468.9 people per square mile (567.2/km²). The racial makeup of Redding was 77,117 (85.8%) White, 1,092 (1.2%) African American, 2,034 (2.3%) Native American, 3,034 (3.4%) Asian, 156 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,307 (2.6%) from other races, and 4,121 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,787 persons (8.7%).

The Census reported that 87,841 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 1,138 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 882 (1.0%) were institutionalized.

There were 36,130 households, out of which 11,012 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,001 (44.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,806 (13.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,984 (5.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,570 (99.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 204 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,344 households (28.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,622 (12.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 22,791 families (63.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.94.

The population was spread out with 20,518 people (22.8%) under the age of 18, 9,436 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 21,725 people (24.2%) aged 25 to 44, 23,424 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,758 people (16.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

There were 38,679 housing units at an average density of 632.3 per square mile (244.1/km²), of which 19,968 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 16,162 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 48,179 people (53.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 39,662 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy

The economy in Redding is largely a service economy. Therefore, employment is spread across a wide range of service professions that include healthcare, retail, and tourism.

Top employers

According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR),[21] these are the top employers in the city:

# Employer # of employees
1 Mercy Medical Center 1,832
2 Shasta County 1,750
3 City of Redding 1,129
4 Shasta Regional Medical Center 856
5 CA Transportation Department 663
6 Redding Rancheria 523
7 Wal-Mart 450
8 Shasta Union High School District 406
9 Shasta College 352
10 Blue Shield of California 330

Government

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Redding is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[22] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[23]

In the United States House of Representatives, Redding is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[24]

Municipal government

The city council is composed of Mayor Brent Weaver, Vice Mayor Kristen Schreder, Adam McElvain, Francie Sullivan, and Julie Winter.[25] The city manager is Barry Tippin.[26]

Redding is a general law city operating under the council-manager form of government.[25][25]

Parks and recreation

Dancing Shiva by Bryan Tedrick at Old City Hall, Redding, Ca

Museums and public art

Architecture

The Cascade Theater

Venues

Performing arts

  • Riverfront Playhouse
  • Redding Improv Players

Education

Higher education

Public

Private

High schools

Public

Secondary

  • Freedom High School
  • University Preparatory School
  • North State Independence High School
  • Redding Christian High School
  • Liberty Christian High School

Charter schools

  • Monarch Learning Center
  • Stellar Charter School
  • Academy of Personalized Learning
  • Redding Collegiate Academy
  • Redding School of the Arts
  • Rocky Point Charter School
  • Shasta Charter Academy

Other schools

  • Redding Adventist Academy
  • Bethel Christian School

Trade schools

  • Redding Institute of Technology
  • Shasta School of Cosmetology

Non-academic learning

  • Code IT
  • Build It
  • Shasta County Public Library

Media

Print

Broadcast

Television

Channel Call sign Network
7.1 KRCR-DT ABC
9.1 KIXE-DT PBS
9.2 KIXE-DT2 Create
9.3 KIXE-DT3 PBS World
12.1 KHSL-DT CBS
12.2 KHSL-DT2 The CW
17.1 KXVU-LD Telemundo
20.1 KCVU-DT Fox
20.2 KCVU-DT2 ThisTV
21.1 KRVU-LD MyNetworkTV
23.1 KRDT-LD Religious
23.2 KRDT-LD2 HSN
24.1 KNVN-DT NBC
26 KGEC-LD Religious
27.1 KUCO-LD Univision
33 K33HH 3ABN
35.1 KKTF-LD Telefutura
41.1 KRHT-LD Azteca America

Radio

AM radio
Call letters kHz Format
KVIP 540 Religious[27]
KLXR 1230 Nostalgia[27]
KQMS 1400 News/Talk[28]
KCNR 1460 Talk[27]
KNRO 1670 Sports[27]
FM radio
Call letters MHz Format
KNNN-LP 87.7 Indie & Alternative Rock
KKRN 88.5 Community Radio[27]
KFPR 88.9 Public Radio[27]
K211CO (KHRI translator) 90.1 Air 1 Christian Contemporary[27]
K227AE (KHRD translator) 93.3 Classic Rock [27]
KEWB 94.7 Top 40[27]
KALF 95.7 Hot Country
KNCQ 97.3 Country[27]
K249EW (KAWZ translator) 97.7 Religious[27]
KWLZ 99.3 Rhythmic Contemporary[27]
KWCA 101.1 Hot AC/Mix (licensed to suburb Palo Cedro)[29]
K268AJ (KHAP translator) 101.5 Religious [27]
KSHA 104.3 Adult Contemporary[27]
KRDG 105.3 Classic Hits[27]
KRRX 106.1 Rock[27]
K298AF (KAWZ translator) 107.5 Religious (licensed to nearby Shasta)[27]
KKLC 107.9 Christian Contemporary[27]

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-5 (CA).svg Interstate 5 runs through the east central portion of this city.
  • California 299.svg CA 299, formerly US 299 (1961 cutout).svg U.S. 299, runs through the western, central, and northeastern parts of the city.
  • California 44.svg CA 44 runs through the middle and eastern part of town. Its western terminus is at Market Street (California 273) in downtown Redding.
  • California 273.svg CA 273, was formerly the Interstate 5 Business Route, and also formerly the US 99 (1961 cutout).svg U.S. 99, directly through the city.

Rail and bus transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Redding, operating its Coast Starlight daily in both directions between Seattle, Washington, and Los Angeles, California VA Portland, Oregon; Sacramento, California; Oakland, California; San Jose, California; Santa Barbara, California and all Intermediate station stops. Amtrak California also provides Thruway Motorcoach service to Stockton or Sacramento for connections to the San Joaquins, which serve the San Francisco Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley and the Los Angeles area via bus connections.

Redding provides a city bus transportation system called RABA (Redding Area Bus Authority). RABA provides routes throughout the city of Redding and also provides transportation throughout Redding's suburbs. Transportation is also available by Sage Stage to Alturas and Trinity Transit to Weaverville.[30] Redding is also served by the intercity bus companies Greyhound and Fronteras del Norte.[31]

Air transportation

Air transportation for the Redding area is provided by two general aviation airports. Redding Municipal Airport, located south of Redding, has scheduled flights from SkyWest (United Express). The smaller Benton Airpark is located on the western side of Redding.

Prominent persons

This is a list of persons who were born/raised/worked in, lived in, or whose identity was significantly influenced by Redding, as well as music groups that were founded in the area.

Actors and entertainment industry

Authors

Business leaders and entrepreneurs

Musicians and bands

Athletes

Politicians, civil servants and activists

Other people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Redding, CA Real Estate and Living". Reddingshomebuyers.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Redding". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Redding city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Redding (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 1, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2015. 
  7. ^ "How Redding got its Name". Retrieved August 25, 2017. 
  8. ^ Papers On Wintu Ethnography : 239 Wintu Villages In Shasta County Circa 1850. Redding, CA: Redding Museum and Art Center. 1980. 
  9. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historic Redding California". Retrieved August 27, 2017. 
  11. ^ "City of Redding Flag". Retrieved 2017-08-19. 
  12. ^ "Carr Fire Incident Update 7/29/18 PM" (PDF). Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  13. ^ "'Terrifying' tornadoes of flame leave 2 dead as inferno destroys Californian city of Redding". The Daily Telegraph. London. July 28, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2018. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the Redding Redevelopment Plan, Earth Metrics, City of Redding and California State Clearinghouse Report (1990)
  16. ^ "Web Soil Survey". Websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  17. ^ "NOAA". noaa.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Redding, CA Climate". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  19. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved August 28, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". cityofredding.org. Retrieved December 16, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  24. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c "City Council Information". City of Redding. Retrieved November 12, 2016. [permanent dead link]
  26. ^ "Redding's City Manager". City of Redding. Archived from the original on February 20, 2015. Retrieved March 7, 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Radio Stations in Redding, California". Radio-locator.com. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  28. ^ United States. Congress (1969). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Radio Stations in Redding, California". Radio-locator.com. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  30. ^ "Modoc County, California : Redding". Sage Stage. 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  31. ^ "AIBRA – Find a Station". Retrieved 2015-05-02. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Images of Redding from the Eastman's Originals Collection, Special Collections Dept., University of California, Davis.
  • "Redding, California". C-SPAN Cities Tour. May 2017. 

Geographic Location

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