Red Star Belgrade

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Crvena zvezda
Logo of Red Star Belgrade
Full name Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda
Nickname(s) Crveno-beli (The Red-Whites)
Zvezda (The Star)
Short name FKCZ
Founded 4 March 1945; 72 years ago (1945-03-04)
Ground Rajko Mitić Stadium
Ground Capacity 55,538[1]
President Svetozar Mijailović
Head Coach Vladan Milojević
League Serbian SuperLiga
2016–17 Serbian SuperLiga, 2nd of 16
Website Club website
Current season

Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda (Serbian Cyrillic: Фудбалски клуб Црвена звезда, IPA: [t͡sř̩ʋenaː zʋěːzda]), commonly known in English as Red Star Belgrade (Serbian: Црвена звезда Београд / Crvena zvezda Beograd) or simply Red Star, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, the major part of the Red Star multi-sport club. They are the only Serbian and ex-Yugoslav club to have won the European Cup, having done so in 1991, and the only team from Southeast Europe to have won the Intercontinental Cup, also in 1991. With 27 national championships and 24 national cups between Serbian and the former Yugoslav competitions, Red Star was the most successful club in former Yugoslavia and finished as first in the Yugoslav First League all-time table, and is the most successful club in Serbia. However, since the 1991–92 season, Red Star has failed to qualify in the group stages of UEFA Champions League.

According to 2008 polls, Red Star Belgrade is the most popular football club in Serbia, with 48.2% of the population supporting them.[2] They have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and in the Serbian diaspora. Their main rivals are fellow Belgrade side Partizan. The championship matches between these two clubs are known as The Eternal Derby. In September 2009, British Daily Mail ranked the Red Star – Partizan derby fourth among the ten greatest football rivalries of all-time.[3]

According to the International Federation of Football History & Statistics' list of the Top 200 European clubs of the 20th century, Red Star is the highest-ranked Serbian and ex-Yugoslavian club, sharing the 27th position on the list with Dutch club Feyenoord.

History

Red Star legend Rajko Mitić.

In February 1945, during World War II, a group of young men, active players, students and members of the Serbian United Antifascist Youth League, decided to form a Youth Physical Culture Society, that was to become Red Star Belgrade on 4 March. Previously, as of December 1944, all pre-war Serbian clubs were abolished, and on 5 May 1945, communist Secretary of Sports Mitra Mitrović-Djilas signed the decree dissolving formally all pre-war clubs on the territory of Socialist Republic of Serbia. The clubs were dissolved because during the German occupation, there was an attempt to organize the league so all the clubs were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito's communist regime. Two of the most popular clubs from Belgrade were SK Jugoslavija and BSK Belgrade. Red Star was formed on the remains of SK Jugoslavija and they were given SK Jugoslavija's stadium, offices, players and even their red and white colors, along with the logo with addition of a red star. The entire BSK Belgrade roster also joined along with some other players from Belgrade and central Serbia.

The name Red Star was assigned after a long discussion. Other ideas shortlisted by the delegates included "People's Star", "Blue Star", "Proleter", "Stalin", "Lenin", etc.[4] The initial vice presidents of the Sport Society – Zoran Žujović and Slobodan Ćosić – were the ones who assigned it.[5] Red Star was soon adopted as a symbol of Serbian reactionary element within Yugoslavia and a sporting institution which remains the country's most popular to this day.[6] On that day, Red Star played the first football match in the club's history against the First Battalion of the Second Brigade of KNOJ (People's Defence Corps of Yugoslavia) and won 3–0.

Red Star's first successes involved small steps to recognition. The club won its first championship in 1951. It was a team of players consisting of Branko Stanković, Vladica Popović, Rajko Mitić, Bora Kostić and Dragoslav Šekularac. Those football players, whose names are still remembered, won four Yugoslav championships and two Cups, not missing the opportunity to win every Yugoslav Trophy for five straight seasons. As champions, Red Star were Yugoslavia's entrants into the 1957–58 European Cup where they were famously beaten 5–4 on aggregate by English champions Manchester United in the quarter-finals. Manchester United, managed by Matt Busby defeated Red Star 2–1 in the first leg in England before drawing 3–3 with them in Yugoslavia in the return match on 5 February at JNA Stadium.[7] The second leg is notable for being the last match played by the "Busby Babes": on the return flight to England the following day, the plane crashed in Munich, resulting in the deaths of 23 people, including eight Manchester United players.

After the Miljan Miljanić era, it was the time of Gojko Zec, whose reign as head coach was to last four years and bring Red Star three trophies and the first great European final. The first season with Zec at the helm was quite literally a real demonstration of force – the league was won with an advantage of nine points over all rivals, which was, up to that moment, the biggest margin of victory in the history of the league. In the following season, Red Star finished second in the league, paving the way for a great performance in the 1978–79 season of the UEFA Cup. After eliminating teams like Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion and Hertha BSC, Red Star made for the first time the Cup final. There, Red Star met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who played five European finals from 1973 to 1980. The Germans, who were backed by approximately 100,000 supporters, fell behind one goal from Miloš Šestić, but Jurišić’s own goal gave Gladbach a psychological advantage before the rematch. This game was played at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, where the Italian referee gave a questionable penalty to the Germans, and the Danish player Allan Simonsen sealed Red Star's fate. The Foals won, 2–1, on aggregate.[8]

After the 1970s, historical matches against Udo Lattek's Barcelona followed during the 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup. In both matches, Barcelona were the better team and Red Star was eliminated. Remarkably, when Barça's Diego Maradona scored his second goal in front of approximately 100,000 spectators at the Marakana, the Belgrade audience were so excited about the goal that even the loyal Belgrade fans applauded Maradona.[9] Gojko Zec returned to the team in 1983, finding only one player from the champions generation he was coaching back in 1977 , Miloš Šestić. Zec similarly repeated the club's triumph from his previous mandate by winning the championship immediately upon his arrival. Zec would later leave the club in a controversial Scheiber's case-style scandal which was the result of irregularities in the 1986 season.

After Zec left in 1986, there were great changes in the club. The management of the club, run by Dragan Džajić and Vladimir Cvetković, began to build a team that could compete with some of the most powerful European sides. During that summer, Velibor Vasović became coach and the side was strengthened by acquiring a number of talented young players, among whom Dragan Stojković and Borislav Cvetković stood out. In the first season that started with penalty points, Red Star focused on the European Cup and achieving good results. In 1987, a five-year plan was developed by the club with the only goal being to win the European Cup. All that was planned was finally achieved. On the club's birthday in 1987, it started. Real Madrid were defeated at the Marakana. From that day through to March 1992, Red Star enjoyed the best period of success in its history. In these five seasons, Red Star won four National Championships; in the last of those four years of heyday, the club won the 1991 European Cup Final, played in Bari, Italy.

Red Star coach Ljupko Petrović brought the team to Italy a week before the finals in order to peacefully prepare the players for a forthcoming encounter with Marseille. By that time, Red Star had 18 goals in 8 matches, whereas the French champions had 20. Therefore, the 100th European competing final was expected to be a spectacle of offense. Nonetheless, both Petrović and Raymond Goethals opted for defence and the match settled down into a war of attrition. After a 120-minute match and only few chances on both sides, the match was decided following the penalty shootout. After several minutes of stressful penalties, one of Marseille's players, Manuel Amoros, missed a penalty, and Darko Pančev converted his penalty to bring the European Cup to Yugoslavia for the first time. Red Star won the shootout, 5–3, on 29 May 1991 in front of 60,000 spectators and the millions watching on television around the world. Twenty-thousand Red Star fans at the Stadio San Nicola and millions of them all over Yugoslavia and the world celebrated the greatest joy in Red Star's history.[10][11] Red Star went unbeaten at the 1990–91 European Cup in Bari and the 1991 Intercontinental Cup in Tokyo.

In 1992, the club was weakened by the departure of almost the whole champions generation (new players were later added, such as Anto Drobnjak and Ilija Ivić). In addition, Red Star had to defend the trophy out of their country due to the war in former Yugoslavia (not even in Serbia, although there was possible locations), thereby reducing their chances of defending their title. UEFA changed the form of the championship that year and instead of the cup they started the 1991–92 Champions League, in which eight best teams from the continent participated. In domestic competition, main rival Dinamo Zagreb left the league, just as all the other clubs from Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia did, and the championship in a Yugoslavia that was cut in size was played on the edge of observance of regulations around the beginning of the Bosnian War. At the end of May, the United Nations had the country under sanctions and dislodged Yugoslav football from the international scene. The disintegration of Yugoslavia, the civil war (1992–95), the inflation and the UN sanctions have hit Red Star hard. In the period between May 1992 and May 2000, only one championship victory was celebrated at the Marakana. However, they did manage to win five cups, along with several glorious European performances, including the famed 1996 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup showdown against a Barcelona side which featured Ronaldo and Hristo Stoichkov.

Dejan Stanković was the youngest captain ever in Red Star's history.

Immediately after the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia ended, Red Star won the 17th cup in its history by winning 4–2 against Partizan. Just a season later, the club returned to the European spotlight by making it to the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League qualification, where Red Star was eliminated by Bayer Leverkusen (0–0 and 0–3 in away), which would later be a finalist in the Champions League that year. Muslin left the bench in September 2001, after which Red Star's subsequent seasons became more volatile.

In the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds, Red Star was barely eliminated (by 3–1 aggregate score) by the same Milan side which ultimately won that year's competition. Furthermore, the campaign in Group F of the 2007–08 UEFA Cup was a large disappointment, especially given that the first game against Bayern Munich was a sensational last-minute loss (by a score of 2–3 in Belgrade). In those recent years, Red Star's teams featured the likes of Nikola Žigić, Marko Pantelić, Boško Janković, Aleksandar Luković, Dušan Basta, Milan Biševac, Nenad Milijaš, Ognjen Koroman, Segundo Castillo, Ibrahima Gueye and Dušan Đokić. After a six-year drought, Red star won their 26th league title in season 2013–14.

Despite Red Star's success on the pitch in 2013–14, the financial situation at the club has worsened, so much so that the club were banned from participating in the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League for which they qualified by winning the Serbian SuperLiga. The UEFA Club Financial Control Body found Red Star's debts to players, some of whom had not been paid for at least six months, staff and other clubs, totalled €1.86 million. The club board were also alleged to have hidden debts and falsified documents. This, on top of an earlier UEFA disciplinary measure in 2011, meant Red Star did not meet the necessary Club Licensing and Financial Fair Play criteria and, as such, should not have been granted a UEFA license by the Serbian FA.[12] Rivals Partizan took Red Star's place in the UEFA Champions League.

Crest and colours

At the end of the World War II, several of pre-war Yugoslav clubs were dissolved because they had played matches during the war and were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito communist authorities. One of these clubs was SK Jugoslavija from Belgrade. Red Star was formed from the remains of Jugoslavija and they were given their red and white colours. The typical kit of Red Star is a shirt with red and white vertical stripes, and red or white shorts and socks. Sometimes used the club also an all-red one next to the all-white one. Red Star used also as away kit or third kit, an all-blue jersey, but very rarely, so that the club used all the colours of the Serbian flag. The crest is a red five-pointed star, white framed, on a red-white background. In addition, the whole crest is framed with gold colour. There are two golden stars on the top of their emblem, symbolizing the 20 titles won.

1945–1950
1950–1995
1995–2011
2011–present

Stadium

Red Star's home ground is the Rajko Mitić Stadium (since 21 December 2014), formerly known as Red Star stadium. With a seated capacity of 55,538, it is the largest stadium in Serbia and in the former Yugoslavia. The stadium was opened in 1963, and in the course of time and due to the fact that stadium's former capacity was about 110,000, it got the unofficial moniker Marakana, after the large and famous Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Belgrade's sold-out Marakana garnered the reputation of being a very tough ground for visiting teams to play in. During the mid-1990s, in order to meet UEFA demands for spectators comfort and security, standing places at the stadium were completely done away with and seats were installed on all four stands. In the years, since the stadium's capacity was gradually decreased, followed different stadium modernisations.

Rajko Mitić Stadium viewed from the air

In 2008, the club reconstructed the stadium's pitch, under-soil grass heaters, improved drainage systems were installed and new modern turf replaced the old surface. The training pitch, located next to the stadium, was also renovated by laying down synthetic turf and installing new lighting equipment. In 2011, the stadium received also a new modern LED scoreboard. Today, the stadium has a central lodge, named 5 Zvezdinih Zvezda (English: 5 Stars of Red Star), which consist of five segments, each bears the name of one of Red Star's legendary players (Mitić, Šekularac, Džajić, Petrović, Stojković), two other VIP lounges and a special VIP gallery with over 450 seats. It has also a modern press box with a capacity of 344 seats including seven extra-comfortable seats, an extra media center, the Red Cafe and a restaurant. On the west stand of the stadium exist also an official Red Star shop along with a Delije shop. The playing field measures are 110 × 73 m, and is illuminated by 1,400 lux floodlights. According to the known German Web portal "Stadionwelt", Belgrade's "Marakana" is in the top 50 football stadiums in Europe.[13] In 2012, American Bleacher Report ranked the Red Star Stadium, especially if it is sold out, as the among the most intimidating stadiums in the world.[14]

Youth school

History

Some of the most notable home-grown players are Dragan Džajić, named the best player in the history of Serbia (the choice of the Football Association on the 50th anniversary of UEFA, known as the Golden Player), who reached third place at the election for the European Footballer of the Year in 1968, then Dragoslav Šekularac – a runner-up with Yugoslavia at UEFA Euro 1960, Vladimir Petrović "Pižon" – the fourth Star of Red Star, Vladimir Jugović – two times the European Cup winner (with Red Star and Juventus), as well as Nemanja Vidić, Dejan Stanković and Dušan Savić.

Other former home-grown players include Stanislav Karasi, Vladica Popović, Vladislav Bogićević, Boško and Milko Đurovski, Zoran Filipović, Ratomir Dujković, Ognjen Petrović, Stevan Stojanović (the goalkeeper of the 1991 European Cup-winning squad) and Miloš Šestić. Further notable players from the last 25 years include Nemanja Vidić, Dejan Stanković, Perica Ognjenović, Nebojša Krupniković, Goran Drulić, Zoran Jovičić, Vladan Lukić, Goran Gavrančić, Nikola Lazetić, Marko Pantelić, Boško Janković, Dušan Basta, Nenad Tomović, Zvonko Milojević, Filip Đorđević, Vladimir Stojković, Dragan Mrđa, Dejan Milovanović and Vladimir Dišljenković.

Former Red Star and Real Madrid coaching legend Miljan Miljanić was also a member of Red Star's youth school.

Current coaching staff

Supporters

Delije section at Rajko Mitić Stadium.

The organized supporters of Red Star are known as Delije, the plural of the singular form Delija, which in Serbian generally signifies a courageous, brave, strong or even handsome young man. A rough English translation might be simply "Hardman" or "Studs". The name Delije first began to be used by hardcore Red Star supporters during the late 1980s, with official inauguration taking place in 1989. Up to that point, the Red Star fans were scattered amongst several organized fan groups that shared in the north stand of Red Star's stadium. The Delije are today one of the most famous supporter groups in the world, who support all clubs in the Red Star multi-sport club. Their style of supporting includes the use of large and small flags, displaying of banners and especially the creation of colorful and large choreographies, noisy and constant cheering and other supporters stuff. The acoustic support is often coordinated by a so-called "Vođa" (Serbian: leader) by a megaphone and accompanied by drums. Subgroups of Delije exist outside of Belgrade as well, in cities across Serbia and all other ex-Yugoslav republics. As a sign of appreciation, Red Star painted in the late 1990s, the word Delije in block letters across their stadium's north stand.

Since the mid-1980s the supporters maintain brotherhood relations with Olympiacos CFP ultras – a friendship based on common Orthodox faith and same club colours. Since the mid-2000s FC Spartak Moscow fans are also included in this friendship.

The Eternal derby

Graffiti of the Delije at Rajko Mitić Stadium.

Red Star’s fiercest and long standing city rival is FK Partizan, the other large and popular sport society in Serbia. They also have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and also in the Yugoslavian diaspora. The rivalry started immediately after the creation of the two clubs in 1945. Red Star was founded with close ties to the Interior ministry and Partizan as the football section of the Yugoslav People's Army. Since then, both clubs have been dominant in domestic football. The match is particularly noted for the passion of the Red Star's supporters, called Delije, and Partizan's supporters, the Grobari (English: "Gravediggers" or "Undertakers"). The stands of both teams feature fireworks, coloured confetti, flags, rolls of paper, torches, smoke, drums, giant posters and choreographies, used to create visual grandeur and apply psychological pressure on the visiting teams, hence the slogan, "Welcome to Hellgrade." Some fans also sometimes use trumpets, similar to the supporters in South America. This creates for the region a typical and distinctive Balkan Brass Band atmosphere. Both sets of supporters sing passionate songs against their rivals, and the stadiums are known to bounce with the simultaneous jumping of the fans. There are many derbies in world football but very few compare to this, it is more than just game and has a deeper meaning. The duel is regarded as one of the greatest football rivalries in the world and the matches between these rivals have been labeled as the Eternal derby. Given its widespread touch on the entirety of a major city, it's dubbed one of, along with the Old Firm, the Rome derby and the Istanbul derby, the most heated rivalries in European football.[21] In 2009, British newspaper Daily Mail ranked the Eternal derby as fourth among the ten greatest football rivalries of all-time.[3] The biggest attendance for a Red Star – Partizan match was about 108,000 spectators at the Red Star Stadium.

Honours and achievements

Red Star has won 2 international, 2 regional and 51 domestic trophies, making them the most successful football club in Serbia and the former Yugoslavia.

Domestic

National Championships – 27 (shared record)

National Cups – 24 (record)

International

Red Star is the most successful club from Serbia (and former Yugoslavia) in all European competitions, and the only club from Southeastern Europe that has won both UEFA Champions League and Intercontinental Cup. The club competed in 50 European seasons, and the most notable results are:

International titles – 4

Friendly Tournaments – 17

Individual awards

Domestic

International

Club records

Dragan Džajić is Red Star’s record appearance holder, with 389 matches. The goalscoring record holder is Bora Kostić, with 230 goals. Numerous Red Star players were in the Yugoslavia national team and Branko Stanković, Rajko Mitić, Vladimir Beara, Bora Kostić, Vladimir Durković, Dragoslav Šekularac, Miroslav Pavlović, Jovan Aćimović, Dragan Džajić, Vladimir Petrović, Dragan Stojković and Dejan Savićević (a former Milan player) are among them. Dragan Džajić played 85 matches for the Yugoslavian national football team, a national record. Red Star holds records such as to be only the second foreign team that could beat Liverpool on the Anfield Road (after Ferencváros in the 1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup), which was also the only defeat of Liverpool at home in the European Cup history in the whole 20th century (during 1973–74 European Cup).[22] Red Star was also the first team that could beat Bayern Munich on the Olympic Stadium in its long UEFA competition history (during the 1990–91 European Cup).[23] They are the only Serbian (and ex-Yugoslav) club, and only the second team from this southern corner of Europe and Southeastern Europe, to have ever won the European Cup, having done in 1991, which was also the 100th UEFA competing final. Red Star is among the nine clubs, which have ever won the European Cup unbeaten. They are also the only team from the Balkans and Southeastern Europe to have ever won the Intercontinental Cup, which it won also in 1991. Red Star is the most successful club from the Balkans and Southeastern Europe, being the only club to win both UEFA Champions League and Intercontinental Cup. The Romanian football player Miodrag Belodedici was the first ever Red Star player to have won the European Cup with two different teams, Steaua București and Red Star, and very curious both of the team's names mean "Star". Later, the double winners were also Dejan Savićević (Red Star and Milan) and Vladimir Jugović (Red Star and Juventus).

Top ten most appearances of all-time

No Player Period App.
1 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragan Džajić 1963–75; 1977–78 389
2 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Kostić 1951–61; 1962–66 341
3 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vladimir "Pižon" Petrović 1972–82 332
4 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Jovan Aćimović 1965–76 318
5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Boško Đurovski 1978–89 299
6 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić 1945–58 294
7 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vladica Popović 1953–65 291
8 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miloš Šestić 1973–84 277
9 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ratomir Dujković 1964–74 266
10 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miroslav Pavlović 1967–74 264

Last updated on: 23 May 2017

Top ten scorers of all-time

Rank. Player Period Goals
1 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Kostić 1951–61; 1962–66 230
2 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragan Džajić 1963–75; 1977–78 155
3 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dušan Savić 1973–82 149
4 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zoran Filipović 1970–80 138
5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Kosta Tomašević 1946–54 137
6 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vojin Lazarević 1966–70; 1972–73 134
7 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Darko Pančev 1988–92 116
8 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić 1945–58 109
9 Serbia and Montenegro Mihajlo Pjanović 1999–03 92
10 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Antun Rudinski 1953–62 79

Last updated on: 23 May 2017

Club all-time European record

Red Star Belgrade Seasons P W D L GF GA Match %W
Representing Serbia Serbia 11 57 20 15 22 80 79 35.09
Representing Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro 11 66 26 20 20 109 80 39.39
Representing Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 29 158 80 28 50 315 206 50.63
Total 51 281 126 63 92 504 365 44.84
Competition P W D L
European Cup / UEFA Champions League 112 57 20 35
UEFA Cup / Europa League 133 56 33 44
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 34 12 10 12
UEFA Super Cup 1 0 0 1
Intercontinental Cup 1 1 0 0
Total 281 126 63 92
As of September 14, 2017

UEFA Ranking

As of 25/08/2017[24]
Rank Team Points
222 Albania FK Kukësi 5.700
223 Norway Tromsø IL 5.685
224 Iceland FH 5.650
225 Serbia Red Star Belgrade 5.625
226 Poland Ruch Chorzów 5.475
227 Israel Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C. 5.475
228 Liechtenstein FC Vaduz 5.350

Best results in European competitions

Season Achievement Notes
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1991 Winner defeat France Marseille 0–0 in Bari, 5–3 pen.
1971 Semi-final lost to Greece Panathinaikos 4–1 in Belgrade, 0–3 in Athens
1957 Semi-final lost to Italy Fiorentina 0–1 in Belgrade, 0–0 in Firenze
UEFA Cup / Europa League
1979 Runners-up lost to Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 1–1 in Belgrade, 0–1 in Düsseldorf
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1975 Semi-final lost to Hungary Ferencváros 1–2 in Budapest, 2–2 in Belgrade
Mitropa Cup
1968 Winner defeat Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 0–1 in Trnava, 4–1 in Belgrade
1958 Winner defeat Czechoslovakia Rudá Hvězda Brno 4–1 in Belgrade, 3–2 in Brno

Biggest win in UEFA competition:

Season Match Score
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1957–58 Red Star – Stade Dudelange 9–1
1969–70 Red Star – Linfield 8–0

Current squad

As of 27 August 2017.[25][26][27]

First team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Serbia GK Damir Kahriman
3 Serbia MF Branko Jovičić
4 France MF Damien Le Tallec
5 Ghana DF Abraham Frimpong
6 Serbia MF Uroš Račić
7 Serbia MF Nenad Krstičić
8 Gabon MF Guélor Kanga
10 Serbia MF Nenad Milijaš (captain[28])
11 Serbia MF Luka Adžić
14 Ghana FW Richmond Boakye
15 Serbia DF Srđan Babić (on loan from Real Sociedad[29])
16 Serbia FW Nemanja Milić
20 Netherlands MF Mitchell Donald (3rd captain[30])
21 Serbia MF Filip Bainović
No. Position Player
23 Serbia DF Milan Rodić
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina GK Nemanja Supić
28 Serbia FW Dejan Joveljić
30 Montenegro DF Filip Stojković
33 Serbia DF Dušan Anđelković (vice-captain[31])
40 Serbia MF Luka Ilić (on loan from Manchester City[32])
44 Brazil DF Zé Marcos
45 Serbia FW Aleksandar Pešić
49 Serbia FW Nemanja Radonjić (on loan from Roma[32])
55 Serbia MF Slavoljub Srnić
77 Serbia MF Marko Gobeljić
82 Canada GK Milan Borjan
89 Brazil MF Ricardinho
90 Serbia DF Vujadin Savić

Players with multiple nationalities

B List[33]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
19 Serbia MF Veljko Nikolić
24 Serbia DF Slađan Rakić
73 Serbia FW Jug Stanojev
No. Position Player
93 Serbia DF Aleksa Terzić
95 Serbia MF Ivan Ilić (on loan from Manchester City[32])
–– Ghana FW Ibrahim Tanko[34]

Other[35]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
–– Serbia GK Ognjen Obradović
–– Serbia DF Stefan Milošević
No. Position Player
–– Serbia MF Stefan Ćosić
–– Montenegro FW Miloš Vukić

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
9 Serbia FW Milan Pavkov (at Radnički Niš until the end of 2017–18 season)[36]
29 Brazil DF Mateus Viveiros (at Bežanija until the winter transfer window)[37]
32 Serbia GK Aleksandar Stanković (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[38]
34 Serbia DF Miloš Stojanović (at Sinđelić Beograd until the end of the 2017–18 season)[39]
41 Serbia GK Jovan Vićić (at Bosnia and Herzegovina Drina Zvornik until the end of the 2017–18 season)[40]
98 Serbia FW Vanja Vučićević (at Borac Čačak until the end of the 2017–18 season)[41]
–– Serbia GK Strahinja Savić (at Sopot until the end of the 2017–18 season)[42]
–– Serbia GK Ilija Ćatić (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia DF Marko Konatar (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia DF Nemanja Stojić (at Grafičar Beograd until the end of the 2017–18 season)[37]
–– Serbia DF Bogdan Račić (at Sremac Vojka until the end of the 2017–18 season)[43]
–– Serbia DF Draško Đorđević (at Bežanija until the end of the 2017–18 season)[44]
–– Serbia MF Damjan Gojkov (at Bežanija until the end of the 2017–18 season)[45]
No. Position Player
–– Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Jovan Ilić (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Miloš Z. Nikolić (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Nikola Puzić (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Andrija Crnadak (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Viktor Živojinović (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Stefan Cvetković (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia MF Andrija Luković (at Voždovac until the end of the 2017–18 season)[46]
–– Serbia FW Milan Senić (at Hungary Siófok until the end of the 2017–18 season)[47]
–– Serbia FW Aleksandar Bogdanović (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia FW Stefan Vudragović (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Iceland FW Đorđe Panić (at Grafičar Beograd until the winter transfer window)[42]
–– Serbia FW Lazar Romanić (at Borac Čačak until the end of the 2017–18 season)[48]
–– Republic of Macedonia FW Darko Grozdanoski (at Žarkovo until the end of the 2017–18 season)[42]

For recent transfers, see List of Serbian football transfers summer 2017.

Retired number(s)

12 – 600px Bianco e Rosso diagonale con stella Rossa.png Delije (the 12th Man)

Club officials

Coaching history

For details see List of Red Star Belgrade football coaches

Club presidents

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mita Miljković (1948–51)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Isa Jovanović (1951–52)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sava Radojčić (1952–54)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragoslav Marković (1954–55)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milić Bugarčić (1955–56)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragoje Đurić (1956)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dušan Blagojević (1956–60)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milić Bugarčić (1960–63)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Radovan Pantović (1963–65)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dušan Blagojević (1965–68)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nikola Bugarčić (1968–77)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Radovan Pantović (1977–81)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Brana Dimitrijević (1981–82)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vlastimir Purić (1982)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miladin Šakić (1982–87)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Serbia and Montenegro Svetozar Mijailović (1987–93)
  • Serbia and Montenegro Dragan Džajić (1998–04)
  • Serbia and Montenegro Miša Marinković & Ivan Grujin (2004–05)
  • Serbia and Montenegro Serbia Dragan Stojković (2005–07)
  • Serbia Toplica Spasojević (2007–08)
  • Serbia Dobrivoje Tanasijević (2008–09)
  • Serbia Vladan Lukić (2009–12)
  • Serbia Dragan Džajić (2012–14)
  • Serbia Svetozar Mijailović (2014–present)

Notable players

Stars of Red Star

Red Star has almost a 50-year-long tradition of giving the title of the Star of Red Star (Serbian: Звездина звезда / Zvezdina zvezda) to the players that had a major impact on the club's history and have made the name of the club famous around the globe. So far, five players and the entire 1991 team were officially given the title. They are:

Notable players

To appear in this section a player must have played at least 80 matches for the club.
Flags indicate national teams they played for, not nationality.

Notable foreign players

To appear in this section a player must have played at least 30 matches for the club.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

In popular culture

The club's name in Serbian is also the title of the 2013 Italian novel Crvena Zvezda by Enrico Varrecchione. Written in the alternate history genre, utilizing elements of uchronia, its story is based on the premise of what if the 9 November 1988 return leg of the European Cup second round clash between Red Star and AC Milan hadn't been ordered abandoned by German referee Dieter Pauly in the 65th minute due to thick fog that night in Belgrade. Red Star were leading 1–0 after a goal by Dejan Savićević and were also a man up due to Milan striker Pietro Paolo Virdis receiving a red card. After abandonment, UEFA cancelled the match and ordered it replayed in full the next day. This time it finished 1–1 and went to penalties (the first leg in Milan also ended 1–1) where Milan won and went through to the quarter-finals, eventually winning the European Cup — thus getting the coveted trophy again after twenty years, the club's first under its recently arrived owner, ambitious businessman Silvio Berlusconi. In the novel's parallel universe, Red Star won the 8 November 1988 match in Belgrade and eliminated AC Milan, which thus never won its 1989 European Cup, meaning that Berlusconi's ultimate entry into Italian politics had a much weaker background push, which adversely affected his performance at the 1994 Italian general election.[49] The novel also follows the fate of Red Star's fictional striker, loosely based on Savićević, Jovan Eldzic who scored the famous goal in the fog and later went on to transfer to AC Milan where he achieved more accolades, eventually taking Italian citizenship, remaining living in Italy upon retiring from football before entering politics and running for mayor of a small town in Piedmont's Alessandria province.[49]

Billy Bragg's 1991 UK top thirty hit song "Sexuality" contains the lyric "I had an uncle who once played for Red Star Belgrade." When interviewed many years later Bragg was asked if this was true, to which he replied that his uncle actually played for Fulham but that did not fit the rhyme with played.[50]

Two non-related bands, one of them from Great Yarmouth, Great Britain,[51][52] and the other one from Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States,[53] shared the name Red Star Belgrade.

A football club in Ecuador, in the city of Cuenca, created in 1961, is inspired in Red Star Belgrade. It is named CDS Estrella Roja. Estrella Roja is the translation and the way Red Star is known in Spanish speaking countries. The club crest is even the same as the one Red Star had between 1995 and 2011.[54]

References

  1. ^ "Stadion Rajko Mitić (Marakana)". Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Svaki drugi Srbin navija za Crvenu zvezdu retrieved from b92.net, 18 March 2008
  3. ^ a b "THE LIST: The greatest rivalries in club football, Nos 10–1". Mail Online. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Sa proslave 57. rođendana crveno-belih: Lenjin i Staljin bili u "igri" za ime Crvene Zvezde". Politika. 6 March 2002. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "History Start". crvenazvezdafk.com. 
  6. ^ "Classic club: Red Star claim gold for the Balkan peninsula — FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Crvena Zvezda – Manchester United 3:3. YouTube. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Finale Kupa UEFA 1979. YouTube. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Crvena Zvezda – FC Barcelona 2:4 (1982.). YouTube. 11 August 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Crvena Zvezda – Olympique Marseille penali 5:3. YouTube. 13 November 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Bari 1991. Dodela pehara šampionu Evrope. YouTube. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Red Star player pay a hefty price". fifpro.org. 18 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Blic Sport – Stadion Zvezde među 50 najznačajnijih u Evropi". Blic Sport. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Allan Jiang. "10 Most Hostile World Football Stadiums". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Juniors" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "Cadets" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "Younger Cadets" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  18. ^ "Pioneers" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Younger Pioneers" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Base" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "The Inferno At Yesterday’s Biggest Rivalry Game". theoffside.com. Retrieved 9 April 2009. 
  22. ^ Liverpool – Crvena Zvezda 1:2 (1973.). YouTube. 22 December 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  23. ^ "UEFA Champions League 1990/91 - History – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  24. ^ "Member associations - UEFA rankings - Club coefficients – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  25. ^ "First Team". FK Crvena zvezda. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "Licensed for UEFA Europa League". UEFA. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  27. ^ "Licensed for the Serbian SuperLiga". superliga.rs. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "Милијаш и Анђелковић о жребу". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 19 June 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  29. ^ ""FUDBAL", vanredni broj 9/17" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 11 July 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  30. ^ "Za istoriju - privilegija i čast Mičelu Donaldu!". mozzartsport.com (in Serbian). 27 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  31. ^ "Anđelković: Ruka je sama "poletela"". B92 (in Serbian). 15 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c "Терзић: Звездаши, будите поносни". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 7 August 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  33. ^ Note: Including licensed players under 20 years old which are not with the first team permanently
  34. ^ "Zvezda dovela još jednog stranca i odmah ga poslala u omladince". mozzartsport.com (in Serbian). 21 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  35. ^ Note: Including club members currently not licenced for any official competition
  36. ^ ДОЛАЗАК ПАВКОВА У ЗАЈЕДНИЧКОМ ИНТЕРЕСУ at FK Radnički Niš official website, 27-7-2017 (in Serbian)
  37. ^ a b ""FUDBAL", vanredni broj 19/17" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 31 August 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017. 
  38. ^ "ЗВЕЗДА: Повратак Супића". Sportski žurnal (in Serbian). 21 August 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017. 
  39. ^ ""FUDBAL", vanredni broj 15/17" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  40. ^ "Радна група на челу Дрине". Glas Srpske (in Serbian). 2 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  41. ^ ""FUDBAL" 36/17, page 1863" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 31 August 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m ""FUDBAL" 34/17, page 1469 - 1470" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 15 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  43. ^ ""FUDBAL" 32/17, page 1280" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 9 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017. 
  44. ^ ""FUDBAL" 35/17, page 1656" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 25 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  45. ^ ""FUDBAL" 33/17, page 1289" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  46. ^ ЕВРОПСKИ ПРВАK ПОЈАЧАО РЕДОВЕ ВОЖДОВЦА! ДОБРОДОШАО АНДРИЈА! at FK Voždovac official website, 30-8-2017 (in Serbian)
  47. ^ "Звезда позајмила 12 играча". Večernje novosti (in Serbian). 1 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  48. ^ Tri mlada pojačanja at FK Borac Čačak official website, 8-8-2017 (in Serbian)
  49. ^ a b "Crvena Zvezda 09/11/1988". Crvena Zvezda 09/11/1988. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  50. ^ "Q Magazine – Music news & reviews, music videos, band pictures & interviewsQ Magazine". Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  51. ^ Too Far, Red Star Belgrade. YouTube. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  52. ^ "Red Star Belgrade". musicfromtheeastzone.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016. 
  53. ^ Jason Ankeny. "Red Star Belgrade – Music Biography, Streaming Radio and Discography – AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  54. ^ CSD Estrella Roja official facebook page, retrieved 24 July 2017 (in Spanish)

External links

Official
  • Official website
  • Red Star Belgrade at UEFA
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