Red-breasted pygmy parrot

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Red-breasted pygmy parrot
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Psittaculinae
Tribe: Micropsittini
Genus: Micropsitta
Species: M. bruijnii
Binomial name
Micropsitta bruijnii
(Salvadori, 1875)

The red-breasted pygmy parrot (Micropsitta bruijnii) is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. Its natural habitat is the boreal forests, subtropical or tropical dry forests, and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests of the Maluku Islands and Melanesia.

As their name suggests, the pygmy parrots are the smallest genus of all parrots, with distribution confined to islands off South-east Asia. This particular species is found at higher altitudes than other pygmy parrots, and uses trees rather than arboreal termite nests as breeding sites. They have jerky movements, rather reminiscent of nuthatches (Sitta species), and cling close to the bark as they search for lichens growing in the trees, which form the majority of their diet. Red-breasted pygmy parrots are only 8 cm (3 in) in length.

The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common to uncommon due to deforestation and habitat lost on this limited range.

The specific name bruijnii commemorates the Dutch plume merchant Antonie Augustus Bruijn.

Subspecies

The species has five subspecies:

  • M. b. bruijnii-mountains of New Guinea
  • M. b. buruensis-Buru
  • M. b. necopinata-New Britain and New Ireland
  • M. b. pileata-Seram
  • M. b. rosea-Bougainville,Guadalcanal and Kolambangara in the Solomons

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Micropsitta bruijnii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 


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