Ramsar site

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A Ramsar Site is a wetland site designated of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.[1]

The Convention on Wetlands, known as the Ramsar Convention, is an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, and coming into force in 1975. It provides for national action and international cooperation regarding the conservation of wetlands, and wise sustainable use of their resources.[1]

Ramsar identifies wetlands of international importance, especially those providing waterfowl habitat.

As of 2016, there were 2,231 Ramsar Sites, protecting 214,936,005 hectares (531,118,440 acres). 169 national governments are currently participating.[1]

Site listings

Ramsar sites are recorded on the List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance.[2]

The non-profit organisation Wetlands International provides access to the Ramsar database via the Ramsar Sites Information Service.[3]


The Ramsar Classification System for Wetland Type is a wetland classification developed within the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands intended as a means for fast identification of the main types of wetlands for the purposes of the Convention.[4]

Marine/coastal wetlands

Inland wetlands

  • Fresh water:
    • Flowing water:
    • Lakes/pools:
      • Permanent >8 ha (O)
      • Permanent < 8 ha(Tp)
      • Seasonal / Intermittent > 8 ha (P)
      • Seasonal Intermittent < 8 ha(Ts)
    • Marshes on inorganic soils:
      • Permanent (herb dominated) (Tp)
      • Permanent / Seasonal / Intermittent (shrub dominated)(W)
      • Permanent / Seasonal / Intermittent (tree dominated) (Xf)
      • Seasonal/intermittent (herb dominated) (Ts)
    • Marshes on peat soils:
      • Permanent (non-forested)(U)
      • Permanent (forested)(Xp)
    • Marshes on inorganic or peat soils:
      • Marshes on inorganic or peat soils / High altitude (alpine) (Va)
      • Marshes on inorganic or peat soils / Tundra (Vt)
  • Saline, brackish or alkaline waters:
    • Lakes
      • Permanent (Q)
      • Seasonal/intermittent (R)
    • Marshes/pools
      • Permanent (Sp)
      • Seasonal/intermittent (Ss)
  • Fresh, saline, brackish or alkaline waters:

Human-made wetlands

  • (1) - Aquaculture ponds
  • (2) - Ponds (farm and stock ponds, small stock tanks, or area less than 8 ha)
  • (3) - Irrigated land
  • (4) - Seasonally flooded agricultural land
  • (5) - Salt exploitation sites
  • (6) - Water Storage areas/Reservoirs
  • (7) - Excavations
  • (8) - Wastewater treatment areas
  • (9) - Canals and drainage channels or ditches
  • (Zk(c)) - human-made karst and other subterranean hydrological systems

See also


  1. ^ a b c Ramsar.org homepage . accessed 03.10.2016.
  2. ^ Ramsar.org: Ramsar Sites List . accessed 03.10.2016.
  3. ^ Ramsar.org: Ramsar Sites Information Service website, by Wetlands International . accessed 03.10.2016.
  4. ^ "Ramsar Classification System for Wetland Type", Annex I of the Information sheet

External links

  • Ramsar Sites Information Service.org: Official List of all Ramsar Sites websitevia Ramsar Sites Information Service.
  • https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris-search/?f[0]=pictureAvailable_b%3Atrue&pagetab=1 Ramsar Sites Information Service.org: — images of Ramsar Sites]
  • Ramsar.org: Ramsar Convention website

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