Rambervillers

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Rambervillers
Commune
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Rambervillers
Coat of arms
Rambervillers is located in France
Rambervillers
Rambervillers
Coordinates: 48°20′48″N 6°38′08″E / 48.3467°N 6.6356°E / 48.3467; 6.6356Coordinates: 48°20′48″N 6°38′08″E / 48.3467°N 6.6356°E / 48.3467; 6.6356
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Vosges
Arrondissement Épinal
Canton Saint-Dié-des-Vosges-1
Intercommunality CC Région de Rambervillers
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gérard Keller
Area1 20.64 km2 (7.97 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 5,874
 • Density 280/km2 (740/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 88367 /88700
Elevation 272–348 m (892–1,142 ft)
(avg. 287 m or 942 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rambervillers is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

Inhabitants are called Rambuvetais.

Geography

The town is built on the banks of the Mortagne, some 28 kilometres (17 mi) to the west of Saint-Dié and 22 kilometres (14 mi) to the north-east of Épinal.

The river flows from Haut Jacques and the forests to the south-east of the town; where it passes through Rambervillers it has been channeled, but the work was done without sufficient planning for the volume of water unleashed in stormy weather, which gives rise to flooding. Notably, during 2006 the town centre was under two meters of water after an outbreak of torrential rain.

History

Rambervillers was the creation in the ninth century of a man called Rambert, who was the Count of Mortagne, or the Abbot of Senones: sources differ.

Through the later medieval period, Rambervillers belonged to the Bishops opf Metz. The care taken with its maintenance and fortification indicate that it was an important regional commercial centre. In the twelfth century the Bishop of Metz, Étienne of Bar protected the town with wooden fortifications and ditches: in the thirteenth century another Bishop of Metz, Jacques of Lorraine, replaced the stone fortifications with a stone wall backed up with 24 large towers.

Despite its fortifications, Rambervillers found itself torched by a Huguenot army acting on the orders of the Baron of Bollweiler, in the sixteenth century. Recovery seems to have been relatively rapid, however, since in 1581 the leading citizens resolved to construct the Town Hall.

In 1718 the town was integrated into the Duchy of Lorraine, becoming formally part of France on the death of the last Duke in 1766.

On 9 October 1870, manning the fortifications against the invading Prussians, 200 national guardsmen held out for a day against 2,000 Germans. Their courage won the town the Légion d'honneur medal, and had a street in Paris (in the 12th arrondissement) named after it.

Personalities

  • Jean Joseph Vaudechamp 1790 - 1866, portraitist, was born at Rambervillers.
  • Nicolaus Serarius 1555 - 1609, scholar and theologian, was born at Rambervillers.
  • André Pernet 1894 - 1966, operatic bass, was born at Rambervillers.

See also

References

  • INSEE


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