Rajab

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Rajab (Arabic: رجب‎) is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar. The lexical definition of Rajaba is "to respect", of which Rajab is a derivative. This month is regarded as one of the four sacred months in Islam in which battles are prohibited. The pre-Islamic Arabs also considered warfare blasphemous during the four months.[citation needed]

Muslims believe Rajab is the month in which ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib, the first Imam of Shia Islam and Fourth Caliph of Sunni Islam, was born inside the Kaaba, the most sacred place of worship for Muslims.

Rajab and Sha'ban are a prelude to the month of Ramadan.

Hadith

In Islamic eschatology:

  • Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[1]

Timing

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the lunar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Rajab migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Rajab, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[2]

Rajab dates between 2016 and 2021
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1437 08 April 2016 07 May 2016
1438 29 March 2017 26 April 2017
1439 18 March 2018 16 April 2018
1440 08 March 2019 05 April 2019
1441 25 February 2020 24 March 2020
1442 13 February 2021 13 March 2021

Events

  • The Battle of Tabouk took place in Rajab, 9 A.H. (October 630)
  • The second Oath of Aqabah took place in Rajab, 12 A.H. (September 633)
  • 6 Rajab: Many Sufi followers of the Chishti tariqa (path) celebrate the anniversary of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti
  • 7 Rajab: Twelvers observe the Festival of Imam Musa al-Kazim in dedication of Musā' al-Kādhim. This is so that we do not miss celebrating the birth of the 7th Imam which took place in the month of Safar. In the 7th month (Rajab), on the 7th day we celebrate the birth of 7th Imam.
  • 22 Rajab, Koonday (table cloth dinner) is organized by Shiites (not all, as it is controversial) among Muslims of South Asia. It is an occasion for Muslims to discuss Allah and the Ahlul Bayt and to strengthen ties among the community with love and compassion.
  • 27 Rajab, Mi'raj, the day Muhammad is believed to have ascended to heaven. It is a national holiday in some Muslim countries.
  • 28 Rajab, Husayn ibn ‘Alī started his journey to Karbalā from Medina.

Births

Deaths

Description

The name of Rajab literally designated to the meaning like respected, regarded, and admired. It seems that the word is originally Semitic one. There are different points about the numeration of the days of the month. Somebodies believe that the month is 29 days and the other believe that the month is 30 days. There are two important events during the month namely the birthday of Ali ibn Abi Talib and the Muhammad's first revelation in the Shia tradition.[3] Just as the month honored before the appearance of Islam, the dignity of that is regarded by the very religion of Islam. Also during the month referred to the forbidding of war. There are also other names for the Rajab such as Rajab Al morrajjab,Rajab Al Asam..[4]

For Shia

Shia believes that there are many virtues during the month. According to some narrations, the month is belong to Ali as the month of Shaban is the month of Prophet Muhammad. Musa al-Kadhim the shia seventh imam narrated that the rajab is like a river in the heaven which is more white and sweet than honey.[5]

References

  1. ^ Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan
  2. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia
  3. ^ Farid Ghasemlou (2014). Rajab. 
  4. ^ Mohsen Moeini (2014). Rajab. 
  5. ^ Mohsen Moeini (2014). Rajab. 

External links

  • Islamic-Western Calendar Converter (Based on the Arithmetical or Tabular Calendar)
  • Monthly Profiles of the Islamic Calendar(Copyright)
  • The Night Journey: The Spiritual Significance of Isra and Mi`raj
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