Raipur

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Raipur
Metropolis
A temple in Raipur
Statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park
Raipur Airport
Top to Bottom: A temple in Raipur, Statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park, Raipur Airport
Raipur is located in Chhattisgarh
Raipur
Raipur
Raipur is located in India
Raipur
Raipur
Coordinates: 21°15′N 81°38′E / 21.25°N 81.63°E / 21.25; 81.63Coordinates: 21°15′N 81°38′E / 21.25°N 81.63°E / 21.25; 81.63
Country India
State Chhattisgarh
District Raipur
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Raipur Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Pramod Dubey
 • District Collector O. P. Chowdhary (IAS)
 • Municipal Commissioner Rajat bansal (IAS)
Area
 • Metropolis 226 km2 (87 sq mi)
Elevation 298.15 m (978.18 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metropolis 1,010,087
 • Rank India : 45th
Chhattisgarh : 1st
 • Density 4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 1,122,555
Demonym(s) Raipurians
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 492001
Vehicle registration CG-04
UN/LOCODE IN RPR
Website www.raipur.gov.in

Raipur (/ˈrpʊər/ About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in Raipur district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is the largest city and the capital of Chhattisgarh. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3] 124,471 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[1][4]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%.[2]

Geography and climate

Raipur
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
6.7
 
 
28
13
 
 
12
 
 
31
17
 
 
25
 
 
36
21
 
 
16
 
 
40
25
 
 
19
 
 
42
28
 
 
190
 
 
37
27
 
 
381
 
 
31
24
 
 
345
 
 
30
24
 
 
230
 
 
31
24
 
 
54
 
 
32
22
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
17
 
 
3.7
 
 
27
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Geography

Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown.[5] The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.

Climate

Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above 48 °C (118 °F).These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about 1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F) making it reasonably cold.

Climate data for Raipur (1901–1998)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
30.9
(87.6)
35.8
(96.4)
40.2
(104.4)
42.1
(107.8)
37.3
(99.1)
31.3
(88.3)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.2
(90)
30.2
(86.4)
27.9
(82.2)
33.2
(91.8)
Average low °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.3
(68.5)
24.8
(76.6)
27.7
(81.9)
26.2
(79.2)
23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
21.3
(70.3)
16.4
(61.5)
12.6
(54.7)
20.8
(69.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.3
(0.445)
15.6
(0.614)
13.0
(0.512)
15.1
(0.594)
31.6
(1.244)
196.4
(7.732)
330.6
(13.016)
355.4
(13.992)
216.8
(8.535)
50.8
(2)
14.0
(0.551)
7.5
(0.295)
1,258.1
(49.531)
Source: IMD[6]

Transport

Raipur Railway Station Entrance

Railways

Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.

Airport

Swami Vivekananda Airport, Raipur

Swami Vivekananda Airport or Mana Airport is primary airport serving the state of Chhattisgarh.The airport is located, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Raipur near Naya Raipur.

Education

Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhatisgarh due to presence of many institutes of National importance in Engineering, Management, Medical and Law. It is the only city in India which is home to IIM, NIT, AIIMS, Hidayatullah National Law University, and IIIT.[7] IIT Chhattisgarh is proposed at Bhilai which is 30 km from Raipur.

Premier institutes

Government universities

Private universities and deemed universities

Commerce, engineering and management colleges

Medical colleges

Primary and secondary education

Media

News channels

Many local news channels are telecast from Raipur in Hindi:

News channels Language
CG 24 news channel CG Hindi
IBC 24 Hindi
Khabar Bharati Hindi
Grand News (Cable Network) Hindi
ETV MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Sadhna News Hindi
Sahara Samaye Hindi
Zee MP CG Hindi
India News MP CG Hindi
Bansal News Hindi
Abhi Tak (Cable Network) Hindi

Newspapers

Many national and local newspapers are published from Raipur both in Hindi and English:

Newspaper Language
Dainik Bhaskar Hindi
Dainik Vishwa Pariwar Hindi
Patrika Hindi
Nava Bharat Hindi
Deshbandhu Hindi
Nai Duniya Hindi
Haribhoomi Hindi
The Central Chronicle English
The Times of India English
Hindustan Times English
Hindustan Hindi
The Hitavada English
The Pioneer English
Business Standard English, Hindi
Business Bhaskar English, Hindi

Radio

Raipur city has 6 FM Radio Stations which are-

Frequency Modulation Chennal Slogan
94.3 FM MY FM Jio Dil Se
95.0 FM FM Tadka Sound's Good
98.3 FM Radio Mirchi Mirchi Sunane Wale Always Khush
101.6 FM All India Radio Raipur & Vividh Bharti Desh Ki Surili Dhadkan
104.8 FM Radio Rangila Jamm ke suno

Notable people associated with Raipur

Swami Vivekananda spent 2 years of his teenage in this building at Raipur

Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur (New Raipur) is the new capital of Chhattisgarh.[13] Located between National Highways NH-6 and NH-43, it is 17 km away in the south-east direction from the older city of Raipur. Swami Vivekananda Airport separates the old and new cities.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Chhattisgarh Details, Chhattisgarh Online, Chhattisgarh Information, Chhattisgarh State". Walkincg.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Raipur Climatological Table (1971–2000)". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Reminiscences of Swami Vivekananda – Frank Parlato Jr. - Bhupendranath Datta". Vivekananda.net. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  9. ^ "EXECUTION OF VEER NARAYAN SINGH". indianpost.com. 
  10. ^ Veer Narayan Singh
  11. ^ Carter 1990, p. 44
  12. ^ "Songs of Lucky Ali Bollywood Songs". Jhunkar.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  13. ^ "New Raipur takes Chhattisgarh into new age". Zee News. 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2018-01-09. 

External links

  • Raipur District Administration
  • DPR Chhattisgarh
  • DPR Raipur District
  • Raipur Land Records
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