Rail transport in Belarus

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National railway Belarusskaja Železnaja Doroga
System length
Total 5,512 kilometres (3,425 mi)
Electrified 874 kilometres (543 mi)
Freight only ?
High-speed 0 km
Track gauge
Main 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
25 kV 50 Hz Main network

Rail transport in Belarus is owned by the national rail company BŽD / BČ (be: Bielaruskaja Čyhunka / ru: Belorusskaja Železnaja Doroga). The railway network consists of 5,512 km, its gauge is 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) (Russian broad gauge) and 874 km are electrified.


The first line crossing the country was the Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway, which started operating in late 1862. This included section and railway station in Hrodna.[1] During mid 1860's railway line was built also from Daugavpils to Polatsk and further to Vitebsk. Line Warsaw-Brest, opened in 1866, completed to Moscow in 1871.[2]


Belarus is crossed, from Brest to Orsha through Minsk, by an international rail line connecting Berlin and Warsaw to Moscow. Other important lines are the Minsk-Gomel (to Kiev), the Orsha-Vitebsk (to Saint Petersburg), the Minsk-Vilnius and others. Some international trains serving Belarus are the Pribaltika Riga-Odessa, the Minsk-Irkutsk[3] and the Sibirjak Berlin-Novosibirsk (and other Russian destinations).[4]

The national network has no high-speed lines and is not served by high-speed trains.

Urban railways

Uruchye subway station in Minsk
A diesel locomotive at Orsha

Minsk is the only city with a subway system, the Minsk Metro. The network consists of two lines: Avtozavodskaya and Moskovskaya. The only cities with tramway systems are Minsk, Vitebsk, Mazyr and Novopolotsk.

Rail links to adjacent countries

See also


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-26. Retrieved 2011-08-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Belarusian railway - Company - History
  2. ^ Some historical information about railways of Belarus
  3. ^ Timetable consulted on the DB website
  4. ^ Timetable consulted on the DB website

External links

  • (in Russian) BŽD official website
  • Railway network map of Belarus
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