Radlett

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Radlett
Radlett is located in Hertfordshire
Radlett
Radlett
Radlett shown within Hertfordshire
Population 8,163 (2011 census)
OS grid reference TQ165995
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RADLETT
Postcode district WD7
Dialling code 01923
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
HertfordshireCoordinates: 51°40′55″N 0°18′50″W / 51.682°N 0.314°W / 51.682; -0.314

Radlett is a large affluent village in the county of Hertfordshire between St Albans and Borehamwood on Watling Street with a population of approximately 8,000. It is located in the council district of Hertsmere and is covered by two wards, Aldenham East and Aldenham West. It is located inside the M25 motorway.

Locality

Radlett lies in the valley of Tykes Water, a stream that runs north from Aldenham Reservoir to the River Colne. Now entirely surrounded by the Metropolitan Green Belt, it is seeing significant 'infill' development and pressure to relax the Green Belt restrictions.[citation needed]

Radlett is one of the most prosperous places in Britain.[1] The town contains many substantial detached houses with large gardens. In the older centre there are also a few streets with Victorian semi detached and terraced houses. Over the past few years, the combination of its proximity to London and good transport links have meant that Radlett has become a property hotspot[citation needed] with majority of roads with an average price of over £1,000,000.[2]

Watling Street, which is the main road through Radlett, has a wide variety of local shops and restaurants, as well as some national chain stores, a Post Office inside the local Budgens supermarket, and the Radlett Centre[3] with a 300-seat auditorium for various performances. Attached to the Radlett Centre is the local Public Library.

There are three public houses in Radlett, the "Cat and Fiddle", "O'Sullivan's Bar" and the "Red Lion Hotel".

History

Pre-Roman Period

Radlett is situated on the ancient Watling Street, one of the oldest trackways in Britain. Various archaeological finds of Mesolithic and Neolithic flints provide evidence that the Radlett area was inhabited in the Stone Age; the land was densely wooded and remained so until the Middle Ages. The Catuvellauni tribe settled in parts of Hertfordshire, near St Albans and Wheathamstead in about 80BC, although no trace of settlement has been found in or near Radlett itself. The name Radlett appears to come from the Old-English rad-gelaete meaning a junction of the roads and it is likely that the settlement grew at the point where the ancient route from Aldenham to Shenley crosses Watling Street.[4]

Roman Period

During the Roman occupation of Verulamium, the area from Radlett to Brockley Hill was home to a number of major potteries, which supplied not only the Roman capital but other parts of the province.[5][6] One of these potteries is known to have existed on Loom Lane.[7] Roman-era clay pits are still in evidence at the southern end of the village, in the area around Cobden hill.

Post-Roman Period

The first documented history of the area comes from the Domesday survey of 1086. This confirms that most of the land was in the possession of the Abbey of Westminster, though parts of Titeberst (land to the east of Watling Street) were claimed by St Albans. The two major tenants were listed as Geoffrey de Mandeville and Geoffrey de Bec and they leased part of their holdings to tenant farmers. The land was densely forested but was gradually cleared throughout the medieval period for agricultural use and the population lived in dispersed farm settlements adjacent to field strips or scattered around the periphery of common land which made up a substantial part of the southern and western area of the Parish.[8]

Radlett seems to have consisted of two farms: Darnells (first mentioned in 1358) and Gills Hill on the west side of Watling Street; and the estates of Aldenham Lodge, Newberries and Organ Hall on the east, plus Newlands (first recorded in 1291) and a few cottages. There are records of at least two other medieval moated homesteads within the Parish – Penne’s Place and Kendals, but tantalisingly little physical evidence. These names continue to be of significance throughout the development of Radlett. The first recorded reference of Radelet comes from 1453 and it was usually spelt with one T until the mid-nineteenth century. With the dissolution of the monasteries in 1536, the disputes over land ownership in the Parish between St Albans Abbey and Westminster Abbey ceased to be viable and the land was sold to create revenue for the crown.[9]

Modern Period

In 1823 Radlett was the site of an infamous murder.

The modern ticket office at Radlett station, dating from the 1970s, contrasts with the ornate shelter above the cycle storage area.

In 1860 the Midland Railway was extended from Bedford into London and a station was built at Radlett connecting it with London.[citation needed] On 8 December 1865 the Ecclesiastical Parish of Radlett was created out of the eastern part of Aldenham and this marks the start of the modern history of the village. Development could only start when the landowners sold off their land for this purpose and this started in the final decade of the 19th century when land to the west of Watling Street was sold off. In 1910 the estate of Aldenham Lodge to the north of Shenley Hill was released for development and in 1935 the Newberries estate. Newberries mansion was demolished in the 1950s and Aldenham Lodge in 1964.

Handley Page Ltd opened a grass airfield just north of the town in 1929 for the production of aircraft. By 1939 Radlett Aerodrome was upgraded to have three hard runways for use in the production of Handley Page Hampden and Handley Page Halifax bombers during the Second World War. Post-war the airfield was used for production of Handley Page Hastings transport aircraft and Handley Page Hermes airliners. The SBAC held air shows here in 1946 and 1947 which subsequently moved to Farnborough. The Handley Page Victor bomber prototype was built here, with the main runway being extended in 1952 to allow flight testing, and there is now a road on this site named in its honour next to a DPD depot. Handley Page went bankrupt in 1969 and the airfield closed in 1970.[10]

The 1948 Olympic Marathon went through Radlett. It was an out-and-back course from the Empire Stadium, Wembley.[11]

In 1977 Eddie Kidd the stunt rider jumped over 14 London Double Decker buses at the former Radlett airfield .[citation needed]

The introduction of the Metropolitan Green Belt in the 1950s set a legal framework limiting further outward growth beyond the then existing limits of the village, and since then new development has been restricted to infilling within the built-up area. Despite this, many new houses continue to be built in former large gardens, and the population now stands at over 8000.[citation needed]

In 2005, and 2006, there was a large campaign in the village, and surrounding areas to save the Fire Station, which was opened 100 years ago.[citation needed] The campaign failed, and the station closed in October 2006. The campaign continued for a while after the closure, however the fire station has now been demolished.[12][13] There is now[when?] a campaign[14][15] to prevent the building of a huge distribution centre at what was previously the Radlett Aerodrome Site, the former production site of the British aircraft builder Handley Page.

Transport

Radlett lies close to the M25 and M1 motorways and the A1 trunk road. There is a commuter rail service[16] that connects Radlett railway station to south and central London including St. Pancras International. From Radlett there are also train services to London Gatwick and London Luton airports, whilst London Heathrow is a forty-minute drive away. There are two main buses that run through Radlett, both operated by UNO.[citation needed][when?] The bus route 602 runs roughly East-West connecting Watford, Radlett, St Albans and Hatfield and the route 655 running roughly North-South connecting Hatfield, St Albans, Radlett and Borehamwood.[citation needed]

Religion

2011 Census Data

As a town, Radlett has an official Jewish population of 28.3 per cent, the highest proportion in England and Wales by some margin, the next highest percentage being 19.4% in neighbouring area of Shenley and the nearby areas of Bushey, Barnet, Borehamwood and Elstree being the only other areas with a percentage greater than 15%. As the method used by the British census for identifying race and religion has shown itself to be problematic, it is likely that the actual number of persons of Jewish background in Radlett is somewhat higher, approaching 35%. Radlett has been called "the new Edgware."[17]

Area All people Christian (%) Buddhist (%) Hindu (%) Jewish (%) Muslim (%) Sikh (%) Other (%) No religion (%) Not stated (%)
England and Wales 5,337,277 58.87 0.45 1.52 0.49 5.05 0.79 0.43 25.24 7.17
Radlett 8,163 41.46 0.31 3.11 28.31 1.37 0.21 0.60 14.46 10.18

Places of worship

There are four churches in Radlett: Christ Church, an Anglican church on Watling Street founded in 1864; St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Church in the Crosspath; St. John's Anglican church, a sister church of Christ Church, in Gills Hill Lane; and The United Free Church in Station Road. The United Free Church was formed by uniting the Methodist and United Reformed Churches in Radlett.

There are two synagogues: the Radlett United Synagogue which serves the Orthodox Jewish community, and the Radlett Reform Synagogue (formerly Radlett & Bushey Reform Synagogue) which serves the Reform Jewish community.

Education

There are twelve schools in Radlett, catering for children aged from 2 to 11 years old:

  • First Place Nursery: An independent school for 80 children aged from 2 to 5 years old.
  • Rexton House Nursery: An independent nursery with 3 sites in the Radlett area. One site provides day care, and 2 just morning sessions from children age 2 years.
  • Bhaktivedanta Manor School. An independent primary school that promotes Vedic and Vaisnava culture for 21 children aged from 4 to 10. (Located in the nearby hamlet of Letchmore Heath.)
  • Edge Grove School: An independent day and boarding school for 333 children aged from 3 to 13½.
  • Fair Field Junior School: A state foundation school for 235 children aged from 7 to 11.
  • Hertsmere Jewish Primary School: A well-regarded,[17] state voluntary aided school for 316 children aged from 3 to 11.
  • Newberries Primary School: A state funded school for 208 children aged from 4 to 11.
  • Radlett Lodge School: An independent special school for 55 children with autism aged from 4 to 19. Run by the National Autistic Society. Accommodation for 14 boarders.
  • Radlett Nursery and Infant School. An independent school for 122 children aged from 2 to 7 (closed and replaced by a day nursery in 2005).
  • Radlett Preparatory School. An independent school for 474 children aged from 4 to 11, founded in 1935.
  • St John's Church of England Infant and Nursery School: A state controlled school for 224 children aged from 3 to 7. Which is linked to Fair Field Junior School.[18]

As there are no mainstream secondary schools in Radlett, from the age of 11 Radlett's children attend schools in towns in the surrounding area, mostly travelling by dedicated bus services.

Sport

Radlett has a football club (Belstone F.C.), that currently competes in the Herts Senior County League Premier Division. Cricket is played at Brunton Memorial Ground, which is the home ground of Radlett Cricket Club, and is also the venue for most Middlesex Second XI matches. It is now the training facility of Middlesex County Cricket Club and the ground hosted their 40 over cup match against Yorkshire in 2013.

Radlett is the home of Tabard RFC, who play in London North West 2. Tabard has a long history of good rugby and good facilities. The club has senior men's and women's teams as well as a growing junior and mini rugby section. There are two full size pitches, one of which is floodlit, as well as subsidiary pitches for junior rugby.

Local groups and societies

Radlett has a number of very active local groups and societies. These include:

  • The Radlett Society & Green Belt Association (RSGBA)
  • Radlett Choral Society
  • Radlett Music Club
  • Radlett Horticultural Society
  • Radlett Art Society
  • Radlett Players (amateur dramatics)
  • Radlett Light Opera Society
  • Radlett U3A
  • Radlett Rotary Club

Twinning

Radlett is twinned with Louveciennes, France[19] and Lautertal, Germany.[20][21]

Notable residents

Current:

Past:

References

  1. ^ "Times on Line". Property.timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Local Property Market Statistics". Mouseprice.com. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Radlett Centre". Radlett Centre. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Radlett (South) Conservation Area Appraisal 2012" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Branigan, Keith, 'The Catuvellauni' (Alan Sutton Publishing, 1985) p. 147
  6. ^ Castle, Stephen A., 'Roman Pottery from Radlett, 1959', Herts. Arch., iv (1976)
  7. ^ Page, William, "A Romano-British Kiln Discovered at Radlett" (PDF). , St. Albans and Herts Architectural and Archaeological Society 1900.
  8. ^ "Radlett (South) Conservation Area Appraisal 2012" (PDF). 
  9. ^ "Radlett (South) Conservation Area Appraisal 2012" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Control Towers". Control Towers. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  11. ^ Course history Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "7,000 sign petition, Borehamwood Times". Borehamwoodtimes.co.uk. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Number of house fires rise in Radlett following closure of fire station, Watford Observer". Watfordobserver.co.uk. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  14. ^ No 2 Rail Freight
  15. ^ STRIFE – Stop the Rail Freight Exchange Archived 2 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ http://www.hamhigh.co.uk/news/thameslink_service_is_so_bad_it_should_be_taken_over_by_tfl_says_politican_1_4502634
  17. ^ a b Kosher in the country The Economist 1 June 2006 accessed 14 August 2007
  18. ^ "School profile". Schoolsfinder.direct.gov.uk. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  19. ^ cjlouveciennes.info
  20. ^ "''Lautertal web site''". Lautertal.de. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  21. ^ raifa.org.uk
  22. ^ Binnie, Adam (4 January 2010). "EastEnder Lacey Turner has moved back in with her mum and dad in Radlett". Watford Observer. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  23. ^ "World Views Open Studio Exhibition". New Museum.org. New Museum. 
  24. ^ "I grew up without a father, Arsene has been my dad". News of the World. 17 April 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2010. [dead link]

External links

  • Radlett Cricket Club
  • Aldenham Parish Council
  • The Radlett Centre
  • Radlett Art Society
  • The Radlett Society & Green Belt Association (RSGBA)
  • Radlett Choral Society
  • Radlett Horticultural Society
  • Radlett Music Club
  • Radlett Players
  • Radlett Light Opera Society
  • Radlett U3A
  • Radlett United Synagogue
  • Radlett Reform Synagogue
  • Radlett during the Great War
  • UNO buses
  • Live Departures Board, Radlett Station
  • Aldenham Lodge, a masonic lodge based in Radlett
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