R-5 Pobeda

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R-5V rocket on display.jpg
R-5 on display at the Zhytomyr Korolyov Museum
Type Theatre ballistic missile
Medium-range ballistic missile
Place of origin USSR
Service history
In service 1956-1967
Weight 29,100 kg
Length 20.75 m
Diameter 1.65 m
Warhead 60 \ 80 kt , 300 kt , 1 Mt (or more) thermonuclear warhead

Engine RD-103M, 8D52
Wingspan 3.452 m
Propellant Liquid (92% Ethyl Alcohol/water solution & LOX)
1,200 km (750 mi)[1]
inertial guidance plus radio command guidance

The R-5 Pobeda[2] (Побе́да, "Victory") was a theatre ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The R-5M version was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-3 Shyster and carried the GRAU index 8K51.

The R-5 was originally a development of OKB-1 as a single-stage missile with a detachable warhead reentry vehicle. The R-5M was a nuclear armed missile – the first nuclear missile to be deployed by the Soviet Union – with greater payload and weight but better reliability than its predecessor. The R-5M gave the Soviet Union the ability to target many strategic targets in Europe. The R-5M entered service on 21 May 1956 (retired in 1967), and in 1959 was installed at Vogelsang, Zehdenick and Fürstenberg/Havel in East Germany - the first Soviet nuclear missile bases outside the USSR.[3]

R-5 was additionally an oft-reported alternate designation for the K-5 (missile) air-to-air missile.


  • Propellant liquid
  • Range 1,200 kilometres (750 mi)
  • Period of storage after fueling: 1 hour[4]
  • Time of preparation 2.5 hours
  • Guidance: inertial guidance plus radio command guidance
  • Warhead and Yield 60 \ 80 kt, 300 kt, 1 Mt (or more) thermonuclear warhead


 Soviet Union

See also


  1. ^ http://www.nasic.af.mil/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=F2VLcKSmCTE%3d&portalid=19
  3. ^ Stephen Evans (25 October 2012). "A Soviet missile base in Germany that spy planes never saw". BBC News.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2015.

External links

  • Global Security: R-5 / SS-3 SHYSTER
  • R-5
  • page from FAS

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