R-14 Chusovaya

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R-14
SS-5 Skean.JPEG
A right side view of two vehicle-mounted Soviet R-14 missiles (SS-5 Skean) IRBMs (1977).
Type Intermediate-range ballistic missile
Place of origin USSR
Service history
In service 1962-1984
Used by Strategic Rocket Forces
Wars Cold War
Production history
Designer OKB-586
Designed 1958-1960
Manufacturer PO Polyot
Unit cost unknown
Produced 24 April 1961
No. built unknown
Variants R-14U, Cosmos 1-3
Specifications
Weight 86.3 t
Length 24.4 m
Diameter 2.4 m
Warhead Thermonuclear weapon
Warhead weight 680 kg
Detonation
mechanism
Airburst
Blast yield 1-2 Mt

Engine RD-216
1,480 kN
Wingspan 2.74 m
Propellant Hydrazine/Nitrogen tetroxide
Operational
range
3,700 km (2,200 mi)
Flight ceiling 500 km
Guidance
system
inertial guidance
Accuracy CEP 1.13 km
Launch
platform
Silo, pad, or mobile launcher

The R-14 Chusovaya[1] (Russian: Чусовая) was a single stage[2] Intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was given the NATO reporting name SS-5 Skean and was known by GRAU index 8K65. It was designed by Mikhail Yangel. Chusovaya is the name of a river in Russia. Line production was undertaken by Facility No. 1001 in Krasnoyarsk.

R-14 tests began in September 1959. The missile was the basis of the Kosmos-3 launch vehicle family. In 1964, the R-14 was equipped with a smaller second stage to create the 65S3 booster and eight were flown over the next year from LC-41 at Baikonur. By 1966, the fully operational 11K65 booster was in use, but it was flown only four times before being succeeded by the definitive 11K65M launcher, used for assorted light civilian and military satellites, most being launched from Plesetsk (only some of them were flown from Kapustin Yar). This launch vehicle was retired from service in 2010.

The missile was gradually replaced by RSD-10 Pioneers in the period between 1978 and 1983, and was completely withdrawn from service in 1984. The last missiles were scrapped on August 9, 1989.[3]

Operators

 Soviet Union

See also

References

  1. ^ Gunter's Space Page - R-14 Usovaya (SS-5, Skean) MRBM
  2. ^ Pavel Podvig (2 March 2004). Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. MIT Press. p. 188. ISBN 0262661810.
  3. ^ "Nuclear Forces Guide – R-14 / SS-5 SKEAN". The Nuclear Information Project. FAS.

External links

  • R14 | 8K65 | SS-5 | Skean at RussianSpaceWeb.com
  • R14 at Encyclopedia Astronautica
  • FAS: R-14 / SS-5 SKEAN
  • Global Security: R-14 / SS-5 Skean
  • www.aviation.ru


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