Qurabiya

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Qurabiya
Ghorabiyeh.JPG
Qurabiya of Tabriz
Type Soft Meringue
Place of origin  Iran
Region or state Iranian Azerbaijan
Main ingredients Almond flour, sugar, egg white, Almonds and Pistachios (minced or flaked)
Variations Kourabiedes, mantecado, polvorón, pan de polvo
Similar dishes
Cookbook: Qurabiya  Media: Qurabiya

Qurabiya (Azerbaijani: قورابیه Qurabiyə, Turkish: Kurabiye, Arabic: غرّيبة‎, Albanian: Kurabie, Bosnian Gurabija, Greek: κουραμπιές, Bulgarian: курабия, Persian: قرابیه‎), is a soft meringue-type biscuit originating from Tabriz (one of the major cities in North-West of Iran), usually made with ground almonds.

History

Kurabiye appears in the Ottoman cuisine in the 15th century and the word's origin may be Turkish (p. 259 of the source).[1]

Regional variations

Iran

In Tabriz, they are made of almond meal, sugar, egg white, minced almonds, minced pistachios and flaked pistachios. It is served with tea, customarily placed on top of the teacup to make it soft before eating.

Greece

Kourabiedes

Kourabiedes or kourabiethes (Greek: κουραμπιέδες) resemble a light shortbread, typically made with almonds. Kourabiedes are sometimes made with brandy, usually Metaxa, for flavouring, though vanilla, mastika or rose water are also popular. In some regions of Greece, Christmas kourabiedes are adorned with a single whole spice clove embedded in each biscuit.[2][citation needed] Kourabiedes are shaped either into crescents or balls, then baked till slightly golden. They are usually rolled in icing sugar while still hot, forming a rich butter-sugar coating.[3] Kourabiedes are especially popular for special occasions, such as Christmas or baptisms.

Bulgaria

Kurabii name of the Bulgarian cuisine and the many varieties of cookie, a popular sweet variety. Especially during the holiday season, and a variety of jams produced via the new year with powdered sugar cookies decorated with cute shapes are called maslenki.

Spain

Two halves of a polvorón

Polvorón is a type of Andalusian shortbread popular in Spain and some former Spanish colonies such as the Philippines during Christmas. Polvorones are made of flour, sugar, milk, and nuts, but they also include pig fat. They were traditionally produced for the Christmas season from September to January but are now often available year-round. There are about 70 factories in Andalusia that are part of a syndicate that produce polvorones and mantecados.

Americas

In Mexico, there are some cookies traditionally served at weddings and celebrations. The cookies, not called qurabiya, are small rolls usually made with pecans. They are known in the United States as Mexican wedding cookies (and not as Mexican wedding qurabiyas).

Turkey

Turkish kurabiyes

See also

References

  1. ^ Muhammed bin Mahmûd-ı Şirvânî (2005). 15. yüzyıl Osmanlı mutfağı. Gökkubbe. ISBN 978-975-6223-84-0. 
  2. ^ Sam Sotiropoulos (2009-12-23). "Greek Food Recipes and Reflections, Toronto, Ontario, Canada". Greekgourmand.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  3. ^ "Irene's Kourabiedes (Kourabiethes) (Greek Butter Cookies)". Thursdayfordinner.com. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 

External links

  • Kourambiedes (Greek Christmas Biscuits)
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