Queen Jangnyeol

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Queen Jangryeol
Grand Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure 1659 – 1688
Predecessor Queen Inmok
Successor Queen Inwon
Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure 1649 – 1659
Predecessor Queen Inmok
Successor Queen Inseon
Queen Consort of Joseon
Tenure 1638 – 1649
Predecessor Queen Inryeol
Successor Queen Inseon
Born 16 December 1624
Cheonan, Kingdom of Joseon
Died 20 September 1688 (1688-09-21) (aged 63)
Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon
Spouse King Injo of Joseon
Posthumous name
House Yangju Jo
Father Jo Chang-Won
Mother Lady Choi of the Jeonju Choi clan

Queen Jangryeol (16 December 1624 – 20 September 1688) also known as Queen Dowager Jaui (자의왕대비) was a wife and the Queen Consort of King Injo of Joseon, the 16th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea.


Three years after his first queen consort’s death, Injo of Joseon chose a new consort to be crowned as his queen, who was the fourteen-year old Queen Jangryeol.Her relationship with Injo was not good due to the fact that she could not bear a son, thus she left the main palace at that time, Changdeok Palace, to live in Gyeongdeok Palace. After Injo’s death, she was elevated to the rank of a dowager and formally addressed as Queen Dowager Jaui. Disputes happened during the death of her stepson, Hyojong, and his wife, Queen Inseon, where the factions argued on the duration in which Queen Jangryeol would have to wear the mourning attire or sangbok. The incident was known as Yesong Dispute(예송논쟁): for Hyojong of Joseon’s funeral, it became an issue to determine whether the dowager should be mourning for three or one year, while for Queen Inseon, either one year or nine months. Hyeonjong of Joseon became the king and Queen Jangryeol officially became the great royal queen dowager. Since she did not have any children, she led a solitary life until her death during Sukjong of Joseon’s reign after living 50 years of her life as a woman of the royal palace.


  • Queen Jangryeol (장렬왕후)
  • Queen Dowager Jaui (자의왕대비)
  • Great Royal Queen Dowager

In popular culture


  • 장렬왕후 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.


Preceded by
Queen Inryeol
Queen consort of Korea
Succeeded by
Queen Inseon
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