Briza

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Quaking grasses
Briza maxima1.jpg
Briza maxima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Briza
L.
Type species
Briza media
L.[1][2]
Synonyms[3]
  • Tremularia Heist. ex Fabr.
  • Calosteca Desv.
  • Chondrachyrum Nees
  • Brizochloa V.Jirásek & Chrtek
  • Macrobriza (Tzvelev) Tzvelev

Briza is a genus of annual and perennial plants in the grass family, native to northern temperate regions of Eurasia, North Africa, and certain islands in the Atlantic.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

The group is generally referred to as the quaking grasses because the flowers and seedheads shake on their stalks in the slightest breeze. Some of its members are grown as ornamental plants.[10]

Briza species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora lixella.

Species[3][11][12][13]
  • Briza humilis M.Bieb. – from Albania to Iran
  • Briza marcowiczii Woronow – Turkey, Caucasus
  • Briza maxima L. – Mediterranean, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands; naturalized in parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and certain oceanic islands
  • Briza media L. – Europe, Asia, North Africa, Azores, Canary Islands; naturalized in New Zealand and parts of North America
  • Briza minor L. – from Azores + Canary Islands to Iran; naturalized in parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and certain oceanic islands

Over 100 species formerly included in Briza are now placed in other genera, including Agrostis, Airopsis, Chascolytrum, Desmazeria, Desmostachya, Distichlis, Eragrostis, Glyceria, Halopyrum, Neesiochloa, Poa, Tribolium, Trisetum and Uniola.

See also

References

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 120 (1929)
  2. ^ Tropicos, Briza L.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 70-71 in Latin
  5. ^ Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved August 19, 2009. 
  6. ^ Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul
  7. ^ Longhi-Wagner, H. M. 1987. Gramineae. Tribo Poeae, in Fl. Ilust. Rio Grande do Sul. Boletim do Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul 41: 1–191
  8. ^ Longhi-Wagner, H. M., V. Bittich, M. das G. L. Wanderley & G. J. Shepherd. 2001. Poaceae. 1: 1–292. In M. G. L. Wanderly, G. J. Shepherd & A. M. Giulietti (eds.) Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo. Editora Hucitec, São Paulo
  9. ^ Benito Valdes & Hildemar Scholz (2006). "The Euro+Med treatment of Gramineae – a generic synopsis and some new names". Willdenowia. 36 (2): 657–669. doi:10.3372/wi.36.36202. JSTOR 3997741. 
  10. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 256 凌风草属 ling feng cao shu Briza Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 70. 1753.
  11. ^ Liliana Essi, Hilda Maria Longhi-Wagner & Tatiana Teixeira de Souza-Chies (2008). "Phylogenetic analysis of the Briza complex (Poaceae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 47: 1018–1029. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.007. PMID 18439843. 
  12. ^ "Briza". The Plant List. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  13. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Briza includes photos and distribution maps for the three species B. maxima, B. media and B. minor.

External links


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