Qiandao Lake

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Qiandao Lake
Thousand Island Lake.JPG
Thousand Island Lake or Qiandao Lake viewed from atop a bell tower
Location Chun'an County, Zhejiang
Coordinates 29°36′33″N 118°59′24″E / 29.60917°N 118.99000°E / 29.60917; 118.99000Coordinates: 29°36′33″N 118°59′24″E / 29.60917°N 118.99000°E / 29.60917; 118.99000
Type reservoir
Basin countries China
Surface area 573 km2 (221 sq mi)
Average depth 26 m (85 ft).
Max. depth 120 m (394 ft).
Water volume 17.8 km3 (4.3 cu mi).
Surface elevation 108 m (354 ft).
Islands 1078

Qiandao Lake (simplified Chinese: 千岛湖; traditional Chinese: 千島湖; pinyin: Qiāndǎo Hú; literally: "Thousand Island Lake"), a human-made, freshwater lake located in Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province, China, was formed after the completion of the Xin'an River hydroelectric station in 1959.

Geography

1,078 large islands dot the lake and a few thousand smaller ones are scattered across it. Over 90% of the area is forested. The islands in the lake include Bird Island, Snake Island, Monkey Island, Lock Island (featuring supposedly the world's biggest lock),[clarification needed] and the Island to Remind You of Your Childhood. The lake covers an area of 573 km2 (221 sq mi) and has a storage capacity of 17.8 km3 (4.3 cu mi). The islands in the lake cover about 86 km2 (33 sq mi).

History

In the submerged city of Shicheng

Xin'an River Dam

The valley was flooded in 1959 to create the lake for the Xin'an River Dam project.[1] The dam that created the lake is located at 29°29′01″N 119°12′48″E / 29.48361°N 119.21333°E / 29.48361; 119.21333 (Xin'an Dam) and is 105 m (344 ft) tall with a crest length of 466.5 m (1,531 ft). Xin'an Dam was the first dam constructed in China with a height greater than 100 m (328 ft) and its power plant has an installed capacity of 845 MW.[2]

Submerged city of Shi Cheng

Submerged in the lake, at the foot of Wu Shi Mountain (五狮山, "Five Lion Mountain"), lies an ancient city known as Shi Cheng (狮城, "Lion City"). It was built during the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25–200) and was first set up as a county in AD 208. The city acquired its name from nearby Wu Shi (Five Lion) Mountain, which is now known as Wu Shi Island since it too became partially submerged by the reservoir. At present Shi Cheng remains well-preserved and undisturbed at a depth of 26–40 m (85–131 ft). It has been explored by Big Blue, an underwater diving operator based in Shanghai.[3]

Quiandao Lake incident

In 1994, in an event since named the Qiandao Lake Incident, three hijackers boarded a boat full of tourists and set it on fire, killing all 32 passengers on board. The passengers were mainly tourists from Taiwan.[4][5]

Archimedes bridge

In 1998, a Chinese-Italian consortium began planning the construction of a prototype of a submerged floating tunnel (also known as an Archimedes bridge), and decided in 2005 to build it across Quiandao Lake. The bridge, the first in the world of its kind, is expected to span 100 m (330 ft), as a proof of concept for larger bridges.[6][7][8]

Economy

Companies take advantage of the pristine quality of the water and environment for aquaculture and water branding. Qiandao Lake is used to produce the Nongfu Spring brand of mineral water. Kaluga Queen produces much of the world's caviar through raising sturgeon in pens at the lake.[9]

The lake has made Zhejiang a popular area for tourists. As a result, housing development has increased in the area since the late 1990s.

Transport

An expressway links Hangzhou, Qiandao Lake, and Huangshan in Anhui. Every half an hour buses leave from West Hangzhou bus station to that connect Qiandao Lake.[10]

A railway development project to the area ceased as it was considered damaging to the "natural" sights of Qiandao Lake.

Gallery

Entrance to the Scenic Area of Qiandao Lake 
Huizhou style architecture 
Koi at Qiandao Lake 
A lotus pond at Qiandao Lake 
A Taiji symbol at Qiandao Lake 
Shrine dedicated to Hai Rui on Longshan Island 
Painted wooden relief at the Hai Rui Shrine 
Shou (寿, longevity) character written by Hai Rui. The character can be viewed either right-side up or upside down to read "Shou". 

See also

References

  1. ^ "Qiandao Lake flooded". The International Camellia Journal. International Camellia Society (32-36): 25. 2000. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Xin'anjiang Hydropower Station". eTeacher Group Ltd. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "An underwater old city – Lion City, Qiandao Lake". Big Blue Scuba Diving International. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Fire on the Lake" (PDF). International Committee for human right in Taiwan. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Xin, Xin (2012). How the Market is Changing China's News: The Case of Xinhua News Agency. New York: Lexington Books. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-7391-5097-9. 
  6. ^ "'Archimedes Bridge' in China?". China Daily. December 18, 2001. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  7. ^ "First Archimedes Bridge Prototype to Appear in Zhejiang". crienglish.com. April 19, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Design aspects of the AB prototype in the Qiandao Lake". ScienceDirect. 2010. pp. 21–33. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Fishy business". China Daily. December 9, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Qiandao Lake provides beauty 1,000 times". Shanghai Daily. April 20, 2014. 
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