Qaiser Mushtaq
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Qaiser Mushtaq  

Born 
Sheikhupura, Pakistan 
28 February 1954
Residence  Islamabad, Pakistan 
Nationality  Pakistani 
Citizenship  Pakistan 
Alma mater 
University of the Punjab QuaidiAzam University University of Oxford. 
Known for 
His work on the Coset diagrams, Group theory (mathematics) LAsemigroups 
Awards 
Chowla Medal (1977) Abdus Salam Award (1987) Mathematician of the Year (1987) Gold Medal of Honour (US) (1987) Mathematician of the Year (Pakistan) (1990) M. Raziuddin Siddiqi Gold Medal (Pakistan) (1991) 5th Khwarizmi Award (1992) Young Scientist of the South Award (TWAS, Italy) (1993) 5th National Education Award (1999) Gold Medal in Mathematics (Pakistan) (2000) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions 
QuaideAzam University (Qau) Oxford University Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Southampton University Institute for Basic Research (IBR) The Islamia University of Bahawalpur 
Doctoral advisor  Graham Higman 
Other academic advisors  GianCarlo Rota 
Qaiser Mushtaq (born 28 February 1954), (D.Phil.(Oxon), ASA, KIA), is a Pakistani mathematician and academic who has made numerous contributions in the field of Group theory and Semigroup. He is vicechancellor of The Islamia University Bahawalpur. Mushtaq is one of the leading mathematicians and educationists in Pakistan. Through his research and writings, he has exercised a profound influence on mathematics in Pakistan. Mushtaq is an honorary full professor at the Mathematics Division of the Institute for Basic Research, Florida, US.
His research contributions in the fields of group theory and LAsemigroup theory have won him recognition at both national and international levels. In Graham Higman's words, "he has laid the foundation of coset diagrams for the modular group", to study the actions of groups on various spaces and projective lines over Galois fields. This work has been cited in the Encyclopedia of Design Theory.^{[1]}
Contents
Biography
Qaiser Mushtaq was born in Sheikhupura, Pakistan to Pir Mushtaq Ali and Begum Saghira Akhter, and belongs to the Qureshi family of Gujranwala. He is a descendant of Shah Jamal Nuri.^{[2]}^{[3]} Mushtaq married Aileen Qaiser, a senior journalist educated from the National University of Singapore and Wolfson College, Oxford. They have two daughters, Shayyan Qaiser and Zara Qaiser.
He received primary education from the Convent of Jesus and Mary, Sialkot, and secondary education from Government Pilot Secondary School, Sialkot. Mushtaq studied for a certain period at Murray College till his family moved to Rawalpindi, where he studied at Gordon College. He did his MSc and M.Phil. from QuaidiAzam University, Islamabad. He then joined Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, as a lecturer for a period of one year before returning to QuaidiAzam University in 1979. Later, in 1980, he received the Royal Scholarship to do his D.Phil. at Wolfson College, Oxford.^{[citation needed]} He was a doctoral student of Graham Higman and was awarded a doctorate in 1983 for a thesis entitled Coset Diagrams for the Modular Group. In 1990 he was at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, as a visiting mathematician.^{[citation needed]} He also worked as an associate professor at the Universiti Brunei Darussalam from 1993 to 1999,^{[citation needed]} after which he returned to Pakistan.
Mushtaq is a tenured professor at QuaidiAzam University,^{[4]} and a former syndicate member, QuaidiAzam University, Islamabad. He is also an honorary full professor at the Mathematics Division, Institute for Basic Research, Florida, US.^{[citation needed]}
On 19 December 2014 he joined The Islamia University of Bahawalpur as vice chancellor.^{[citation needed]}
Research in mathematics
He has parametrised actions of the modular group on projective lines over Galois fields. This method has proven to be so effective and rewarding, that its wide uses can be seen in Combinatorial Group Theory, Algebraic Number Theory, and Theory of Group Graphs. His graphical technique helped to solve George Abram Miller's problem (1901) on alternating groups as homomorphic images of the modular group^{[5]}
He has also invented a new algebraic structure known as Locally Associative LAsemigroup,^{[6]} and has done some fundamental research on LAsemigroups producing some significant results in this theory. Consequently, a number of useful mathematical results have emerged which otherwise were applicable under restricted conditions only.
Mushtaq has collaborated in research with the late Graham HigmanFRS (Oxford) and the late GianCarlo Rota (MIT). He has been an invited speaker at Oxford University, MSRI Berkeley, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Southampton University; and an invited speaker at several international conferences.
He has supervised, as a sole supervisor, the highest number of M.Phil. and PhD students in Pure Mathematics in Pakistan (see the Mathematics Genealogy Project^{[7]}). As a result, he has established a research group in Pakistan, the largest of its kind, which is producing high level original research in mathematics.
Research papers
Mushtaq has over a hundred research papers to his credit. He has written and edited several books, some of which are, Mathematics: The Islamic Legacy^{[8]} (which received a prize from the National Book Council of Pakistan), published by UNESCO and other international publishers; A Course in Group Theory, and Discrete Lectures in Mathematics. He has also written books on topics other than mathematics. They are, Focus on Pakistan, and Pakistan: An Introduction. He was also an invited writer for the monumental book, comprising six volumes, entitled the History of Civilizations of Central Asia,^{[9]} published by UNESCO (translated into several foreign languages).
He is also known for his analytical writings and research articles on history, mathematics, science, education, and philosophy. He has been an active opposer of the use of impact factors^{[10]} and citation counts of the Higher Education Commission. He led the movement against its use which he believed has damaged the growth of mathematics in Pakistan.^{[citation needed]} One of his essays was published by the American Mathematical Society.^{[citation needed]} The International Mathematical Union has included it in its report^{[11]} on the use of impact factors. Mushtaq also founded the mathematical quarterly, PakMS Newsletter,^{[12]} in Pakistan.
Journals and bulletins
He is an editor of the AsianEuropean Journal of Mathematics^{[13]} (World Scientific). He is an associate editor of the Bulletin of the Southeast Asian Mathematical Society^{[14]} (SpringerVerlag). Additionally, he is an editor of the Quasigroups and Related Systems^{[15]} (Maldova Academy of Sciences) and the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Society,^{[16]} an advisory editor of the Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics,^{[17]} an associate editor of the journal Advances in Algebra and Analysis, a reviewer for the Mathematical Reviews of the American Mathematical Society (US) and the Zentrablatt fur Mathematik (SpringerVerlag, Germany).
Honours and awards
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He was an overseas scholar of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851^{[18]}^{[not in citation given]}^{[19]}^{[not in citation given]}in 1980 and a senior Fulbright Scholar in 1990. Mushtaq was elected an associate member of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy in 1991.
Mushtaq has been awarded several awards due to his contribution to mathematical sciences.
 Chowla Medal (1977)
 Salam Prize in Mathematics (1987)
 Mathematician of the Year Award (1987) by the National Book Council of Pakistan
 Gold Medal of Honour (1987) from United States
 Mathematician of the Year Award (1990) by the National Book Council of Pakistan
 M. Raziuddin Siddiqi Gold Medal (1991) from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences
 First Khwārizmī Award (1992) from the President of Iran
 Young Scientist of the South Award (1993) from Third World Academy of Sciences, Italy
 5th National Education Award (1999) by the National Education Forum
 Gold Medal in Mathematics (2000) from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.
Academic societies
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Mushtaq founded the Pakistan Mathematical Society.^{[20]}^{[not in citation given]} He also founded the series of international conferences, namely IPMC,^{[21]}^{[not in citation given]} in Pakistan. The conference takes place every August in Islamabad.^{[citation needed]}
He is a member of the American Mathematical Society, the Oxford Society, the London Mathematical Society, and the Punjab Mathematical Society.^{[citation needed]} He has been the president of the Brunei Darussalam Mathematics Society, and he is the current president of the Pakistan Mathematical Society.^{[22]}
Mushtaq helped to start the Islamic Society at Oxford.^{[citation needed]} He was its vicepresident and secretary in 1980 to 1983^{[citation needed]}. He also helped to rejuvenate the Oxford University Pakistan Society of which he was the vicepresident from 1981 to 1982.^{[citation needed]}
In Pakistan, he started the 'Mathematical Seminar Series' at QuaidiAzam University in 1983 and developed it into an institution recognised nationally. At QuaidiAzam University, he founded the 'Algebra Forum' which has held advanced level seminars on algebra in particular and on various academic topics of general interest. He reformed and restructured the Mathematical Society of Brunei Darussalam as its president.^{[citation needed]}
References
 ^ http://designtheory.org/library/encyc/topics/cayley.pdf
 ^ M. Akram Reza, JamaliFuqr, IdaraiTalimatiTasawuf, Gujranwala
 ^ Abdul Razaq Janjua, AqwamiPakistan, Vol. III, Dogar Sons, Lahore
 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
 ^ http://www.patrickreichert.de/publikationen/BelyiVortrag/Vortrag.pdf
 ^ Mushtaq, Q.; Iqbal, Q. (1 December 1990). "Decomposition of a locally associative lasemigroup". Semigroup Forum. 41 (1): 155–164. doi:10.1007/BF02573386 – via link.springer.com.
 ^ "Qaiser Mushtaq  The Mathematics Genealogy Project". genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu.
 ^ Mathematics the Islamic legacy
 ^ "Archives from 1948  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization".
 ^ "Notices :: Issue Table of Contents". www.ams.org.
 ^ http://www.mathunion.org/Publications/Report/CitationStatistics
 ^ "PAKISTAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY". www.pakms.org.pk.
 ^ "AEJM Editorial Board (World Scientific)". ejournals.wspc.com.sg.
 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
 ^ Statkiewicz, Karol. "Quasigroups And Related Systems". www.quasigroups.eu.
 ^ "Bulletin". math.usm.my.
 ^ Netherlands, IOS Press, Nieuwe Hemweg 6B, 1013 BG Amsterdam, The. "IOSPress: Scientific, Technical Medical Publisher". www.iospress.nl.
 ^ "Royal Commission for the Exhibition 1851". royalcommission1851.
 ^ "1851 Alumni". Archived from the original on 3 November 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
 ^ "PAKISTAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY". www.pakms.org.pk.
 ^ "18th International Pure Mathematics Conference 2017". www.pmc.org.pk.
 ^ JOC/EFR (February 2018). "The Pakistan Mathematical Society". University of St Andrews. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
 Pakistani mathematicians
 Living people
 Pakistani scientists
 Pakistani scholars
 1954 births
 Fellows of Pakistan Academy of Sciences
 People from Gujranwala
 Bahauddin Zakariya University faculty
 Murray College alumni
 Gordon College (Pakistan) alumni
 QuaidiAzam University alumni
 QuaidiAzam University faculty
 Pakistani expatriates in Brunei