Quebec Major Junior Hockey League

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Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2017–18 QMJHL season
Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.svg
Sport Ice hockey
Founded 1969
No. of teams 18
Country Canada
Most recent
champion(s)
Acadie–Bathurst Titan (2)
Most titles Gatineau Olympiques (7)
TV partner(s) Sportsnet
Sportsnet One
EastLink TV
TVA Sports
Official website theqmjhl.ca

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. The league comprises teams across the provinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. Since the departure of the Lewiston Maineiacs from Lewiston, Maine, the QMJHL is the only one of the three member leagues of the CHL that does not currently have teams located in the United States (the OHL has teams in Michigan and Pennsylvania while the WHL has teams in Washington and Oregon). The current Commissioner of the QMJHL is Gilles Courteau.

The President's Cup is the championship trophy of the league. The QMJHL champion then goes on to compete in the Memorial Cup against the OHL and WHL champions, and the CHL host team. The QMJHL had traditionally adopted a rapid and offensive style of hockey. Former QMJHL players hold many of the Canadian Hockey League's career and single season offensive records.

Hockey Hall of Fame alumni of the QMJHL include Mario Lemieux, Guy Lafleur, Ray Bourque, Pat LaFontaine, Mike Bossy, Denis Savard, Michel Goulet, Luc Robitaille, and goaltender Patrick Roy.

Member teams

Division Team City Head Coach Arena Capacity
West Blainville-Boisbriand Armada Boisbriand, Quebec Bruce Richardson Centre d'Excellence Sports Rousseau 3,269
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondville, Quebec Ryan Falkenham Centre Marcel Dionne 2,889
Gatineau Olympiques Gatineau, Quebec Éric Landry Centre Robert Guertin 3,196
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec Gilles Bouchard Aréna Iamgold 3,600
Sherbrooke Phoenix Sherbrooke, Quebec Stéphane Julien Palais des Sports 3,718
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Or, Quebec Pascal Rhéaume Centre Air Creebec 2,398
East Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeau, Quebec Martin Bernard Centre Henry-Leonard 2,779
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Saguenay, Quebec Yanick Jean Centre Georges-Vézina 3,759
Quebec Remparts Quebec City, Quebec Patrick Roy Centre Vidéotron 18,259
Rimouski Océanic Rimouski, Quebec Serge Beausoleil Colisée de Rimouski 4,415
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawinigan, Quebec Daniel Renaud Centre Bionest de Shawinigan 4,350
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriaville, Quebec Louis Robitaille Colisée Desjardins 2,753
Maritimes Acadie–Bathurst Titan Bathurst, New Brunswick Mario Pouliot K.C. Irving Regional Centre 3,524
Cape Breton Screaming Eagles Sydney, Nova Scotia Marc-Andre Dumont Centre 200 5,010
Charlottetown Islanders Charlottetown, P.E.I. Jim Hulton Eastlink Centre 3,718
Halifax Mooseheads Halifax, Nova Scotia Éric Veilleux Scotiabank Centre 10,595
Moncton Wildcats Moncton, New Brunswick Darren Rumble Moncton Coliseum 6,450
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint John, New Brunswick Josh Dixon Harbour Station 6,308


2017 Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Location of teams for the 2017 QMJHL season.
Red pog.svg West Division Blue pog.svg East Division Green pog.svg Maritimes Division

History

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League was founded in 1969, through the merger of best teams from the existing Quebec Junior Hockey League and the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, declaring themselves a "major junior" league. Of the original eleven QMJHL teams, eight came from the QJHL, two from the MMJHL, and the Cornwall Royals, from Cornwall, Ontario, near the Quebec border, who transferred from the Central Junior A Hockey League. The Rosemont National and Laval Saints transferred from the MMJHL. The eight teams from the QJHL were the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and the Verdun Maple Leafs.

Most of the teams were within a few hours' drive of Montreal. From the first season in 1969–70, only Shawinigan remains in the same city with an uninterrupted history, although the team's name has changed to the Cataractes.

In 1972 the QMJHL had been in operation for three years, and wanted a team in the province's largest city. It threatened a lawsuit to force the Montreal Junior Canadiens of the Ontario Hockey Association into the Quebec-based league. Over the summer of 1972, the OHA granted the Junior Habs a "one-year suspension" of operations, while team ownership transferred the team and players into the QMJHL, renaming themselves the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge in the process. The OHA then reactivated the suspended franchise for the 1973–74 season in Kingston, Ontario, under new ownership and with new players, calling the team the Kingston Canadians.

QMJHL teams have won the Memorial Cup twelve times since 1969, with the Shawinigan Cataractes, Saint John Sea Dogs, the Granby Prédateurs, the Hull Olympiques, Halifax Mooseheads, Rimouski Océanic, and the Acadie-Bathurst Titan each winning once, the Quebec Remparts winning twice (once in their first edition 1969–1985, and once in their second edition 1997–present) and the Cornwall Royals winning three times.

Starting in 1994, the QMJHL began to expand further east, outside of Quebec. The "Q" filled the void in Atlantic Canada after the exodus of American Hockey League franchises, when the AHL had a strong presence in the 1980s and 1990s; all of the Maritime Division cities save for Bathurst, New Brunswick are former homes of AHL franchises. Teams in Atlantic Canada comprise the entire Eastern Division of the QMJHL.

In recent seasons, the QMJHL has been scouting players from the Atlantic Canada region along with a surge in players coming out of the New England area: the QMJHL has territorial rights to draft and recruit players from New England as part of an agreement where players from the United States can be drafted by the CHL league that is in a similar geographic area.

Canadian Hockey League records

This is a list of Canadian Hockey League career and single season records accomplished by QMJHL players.[1]

Most goals, career
1st – 309 – Mike Bossy, Laval National (1972–77)
2nd – 281 – Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 278 – Normand Dupont, Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge, Montreal Juniors (1973–77)
Most assists, career
1st – 408 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 346 – Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
7th – 315 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins (1981–84)
Most points, career
1st – 595 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 580 – Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
4th – 575 – Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
Most goals, one season
1st – 133 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd – 130 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
4th – 104 – Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
5th – 103 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1969–70 (56 games)
6th – 100 – Gary MacGregor, Cornwall Royals, 1973–74 (66 games)
Most assists, one season
1st – 157 – Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (70 games)
2nd – 149 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
3rd – 136 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)
5th – 135 – Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th – 135 – Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
Most points, one season
1st – 282 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd – 251 – Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (67 games)
3rd – 234 – Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
4th – 227 – Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th – 216 – Real Cloutier, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (69 games)
6th – 214 – Jacques Cossette, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (68 games)
8th – 209 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
9th – 206 – Jacques Locas, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (63 games)
10th – 201 – Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
11th – 200 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)

Timeline of teams

This is a complete list of team histories since 1969.[2]

  • 1969– First season, 2 divisions. East: Quebec City Remparts, Shawinigan Bruins, Drummondville Rangers, Sorel Éperviers (Black Hawks), Trois-Rivières Ducs (Dukes), and Sherbrooke Castors (Beavers). West: Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Cornwall Royals, Rosemont National, Verdun Maple Leafs, and Laval Saints.
  • 1970– Divisions dissolved, Laval folds.
  • 1971– Rosemont National move to Laval.
  • 1972– The Saint-Jérôme Alouettes and the Verdun Maple Leafs fold. The Montreal Junior Canadiens franchise of the OHA transfers to QMJHL, becoming the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge.
  • 1973– League split into two divisions. East: Sorel, Quebec, Shawinigan, Trois-Rivières, Chicoutimi; West: Cornwall, Montreal, Sherbrooke, Laval, Drummondville, Hull. Chicoutimi Saguenéens, and the Hull Festivals granted franchises. Shawinigan Bruins become Shawinigan Dynamos.
  • 1974– Drummondville Rangers fold, Trois-Rivières Ducs become Trois-Rivières Draveurs (Lumberjacks).
  • 1975– Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge became Montreal Juniors.
  • 1976– Hull Festivals became Hull Olympiques. Divisions renamed: East becomes Dilio, West becomes Lebel.
  • 1977– Sorel Éperviers (Black Hawks) move to Verdun. Sherbrooke moved to Dilio Division, while Verdun played in the Lebel.
  • 1978– Shawinigan Dynamos became Shawinigan Cataractes.
  • 1979– Verdun Éperviers (Black Hawks) became Sorel/Verdun Éperviers. Laval National become Laval Voisins.
  • 1980– Sorel/Verdun Éperviers became Sorel Éperviers.
  • 1981– Divisions cease to exist, Cornwall moved to the OHL, Sorel Éperviers moved to Granby and became the Bisons.
  • 1982– Lebel and Dilio Divisions reintroduced. Shawinigan, Chicoutimi, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, and Drummondville played in the Dilio, while Laval, Verdun, Longueuil, Saint-Jean, Hull, and Granby played in the Lebel. Sherbrooke Castors moved to Saint-Jean. Montreal Juniors moved to Verdun. Drummondville Voltigeurs (Infantrymen) granted a franchise, Longueuil Chevaliers (Cavaliers) granted a franchise.
  • 1984– Plattsburgh Pioneers granted a franchise, but fold three months into the schedule after playing 17 games. They played in the Lebel Division, Granby is moved to the Dilio. Verdun Juniors become the Verdun Junior Canadiens.
  • 1985– Quebec Remparts fold. Laval Voisins became Laval Titan.
  • 1987– Longueuil Chevaliers moved to Victoriaville and became the Tigres. They played in the Dilio. Granby was moved to the Lebel Division.
  • 1988– Divisions ceased to exist, Longueuil Collège-Français are granted the rights to resurrect the Quebec Remparts franchise.
  • 1989– Verdun Junior Canadiens moved to Saint-Hyacinthe and became the Laser. Saint-Jean Castors became St-Jean Lynx.
  • 1990– Lebel and Dilio divisions created yet again: Chicoutimi, Trois-Rivières, Drummondville, Shawinigan, Beauport, and Victoriaville play in the Dilio; Longueuil, Hull, Laval, Saint-Hyacinthe, Granby, and Saint-Jean played in the Lebel. Beauport Harfangs was granted a franchise.
  • 1991– Longueuil Collège-Français moved to Verdun.
  • 1992– Trois-Rivières Draveurs moved to Sherbrooke and became the Faucons.
  • 1993– Val-d'Or granted a franchise, named the Foreurs. They played in the Lebel.
  • 1994– Verdun Collège-Français folded. Halifax awarded an expansion team, the Mooseheads. Halifax played in the Dilio. Laval Titan became Laval Titan Collège-Français.
  • 1995– Saint-Jean Lynx moved to Rimouski and become the Océanic. Moncton Alpines franchise granted. Rimouski and Moncton both played in the Dilio. Drummondville and Sherbrooke moved to the Lebel. Granby Bisons became Granby Prédateurs.
  • 1996– Saint-Hyacinthe Laser moved to Rouyn-Noranda and became the Huskies. Moncton Alpines became Moncton Wildcats.
  • 1997– Granby Prédateurs move to Cape Breton and became the Screaming Eagles. They played in the Dilio. Shawinigan moved to the Lebel. The Beauport Harfangs moved to Quebec City and became the Quebec Remparts. Baie-Comeau was granted an expansion team called the Drakkar and played in the Dilio.
  • 1998– Laval Titan Collège-Français moved to Acadie-Bathurst, and played in the Dilio.
  • 1999– Lebel Division became Lebel Conference, and split into the West Division (Hull, Rouyn-Noranda, Montreal, Val-d'Or) and the Central Division (Shawinigan, Drummondville, Sherbrooke, Victoriaville). The Dilio Division became the Dilio Conference and split into the Eastern Division (Rimouski, Quebec City, Baie-Comeau, Chicoutimi) and the Maritime Division (Moncton, Halifax, Cape Breton, Acadie-Bathurst). Montreal Rocket was granted a franchise.
  • 2003– The QMJHL switched to a three-division format: Atlantic (Cape Breton, Moncton, Prince Edward Island, Halifax, Acadie-Bathurst); Eastern (Rimouski, Chicoutimi, Lewiston, Quebec, Baie-Comeau); and Western (Gatineau, Shawinigan, Rouyn-Noranda, Val-d'Or, Drummondville, Victoriaville). Sherbrooke Castors moved to Maine, becoming the Lewiston Maineiacs; Montreal Rocket moved to Charlottetown and took the Prince Edward Island name, Hull Olympiques become Gatineau Olympiques.
  • 2004– The QMJHL announced plans to expand from 16 to 18 teams, effective with the 2005–06 season. St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador and Saint John, New Brunswick were awarded franchises, the St. John's Fog Devils and Saint John Sea Dogs respectively.
  • 2005– Effective with the 2005–06 season, the league reverted to a two-division format. The East Division consisted of all of the league's non-Québec teams, and the West Division contained all of the Quebec teams.
  • 2006– The Western Division was renamed the Telus Division, under a sponsorship agreement with the Telus Corporation.
  • 2008– The St. John's Fog Devils relocated to Verdun, Quebec to become the Montreal Junior Hockey Club.
  • 2011– The Lewiston Maineiacs were purchased by the league and were dissolved. The remaining roster that's still eligible to play in the QMJHL was claimed by the remaining teams in a dispersal draft.
  • 2011– The Montreal Junior Hockey Club was sold to a group led by former NHL Defencemen Joel Bouchard and renamed the Blainville-Boisbriand Armada.
  • 2012– Sherbrooke permitted to resurrect the former Lewiston franchise as the Phoenix.
  • 2013– The PEI Rocket changed their franchise name to the Charlottetown Islanders.

Cities represented

Team Hometown Province/State Years Active
Cornwall Royals Cornwall Ontario 1969–1981
Plattsburgh Pioneers Plattsburgh New York 1984–1985
Laval Titan Laval Quebec 1969–1970; 1971–1998
Quebec Remparts Quebec City Quebec 1969–1985; 1997–present
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondville Quebec 1969–1974; 1982–present
Saint-Jerome Alouettes Saint-Jerome Quebec 1969–1971
Trois-Rivieres Draveurs Trois-Rivieres Quebec 1969–1992
Sorel Eperviers Sorel Quebec 1969–1977; 1980–1981
Verdun Juniors Verdun Quebec 1969–1971; 1977–1980; 1982–1989;

1991–1994; 2008–2011

Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge
Montreal Juniors
Montreal Rocket
Montreal Junior Hockey Club
Montreal Quebec 1969–1971
1972–1982
1999–2003
2008–2011
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawinigan Quebec 1969–present
Sherbrooke Phoenix Sherbrooke Quebec 1969–1982; 1999–2003; 2012–present
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Chicoutimi Quebec 1973–present
Gatineau Olympiques Hull/Gatineau Quebec 1973–present
Granby Prédateurs Granby Quebec 1981–1997
Saint-Jean Lynx Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec 1982–1995
Longueuil Chevaliers Longueuil Quebec 1982–1991
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriaville Quebec 1987–present
Saint-Hyacinthe Laser Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec 1989–1996
Beauport Harfangs Beauport Quebec 1990–1997
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Or Quebec 1993–present
Rimouski Océanic Rimouski Quebec 1995–present
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Noranda Quebec 1996–present
Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeau Quebec 1997–present
Blainville-Boisbriand Armada Boisbriand Quebec 2011–present
Moncton Wildcats Moncton New Brunswick 1995–present
Acadie-Bathurst Titan Bathurst New Brunswick 1998–present
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint John New Brunswick 2005–present
Lewiston Maineiacs Lewiston Maine 2003–2011
Charlottetown Islanders Charlottetown Prince Edward Island 2003–present
Halifax Mooseheads Halifax Nova Scotia 1994–present
Cape Breton Screaming Eagles Sydney Nova Scotia 1997–present
St. John's Fog Devils St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador 2005–2008

Memorial Cup champions

The Memorial Cup has been captured twelve times by QMJHL teams since the league's founding in 1969:

Trophies and awards

This is a list of QMJHL trophies.[3] The trophy's first season being awarded is shown in brackets.

Team
Player
Executive
Defunct trophies

See also

References

  1. ^ "CHL Record Book". Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved September 1, 2006. 
  2. ^ "QMJHL team histories". Archived from the original on December 20, 2005. Retrieved December 20, 2005. 
  3. ^ "QMJHL Trophies". Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved September 27, 2006. 

External links

  • Quebec Major Junior Hockey League Official website
  • Canadian Hockey League Official website
  • Internet Hockey Database Archive of standings and statistics
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