Pyongnam Line

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P'yŏngnam Line
Native name 평남선(平南線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Locale P'yŏngyang
South P'yŏngan
Termini P'yŏngyang
P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn, Namp'o
Stations 18
Opened P'yŏngyang–Namp'o: 16 October 1910
Namp'o–P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn: 8 July 1938
Owner Chosen Gov't Railway (P'yŏngnam Line, 1910–1945)
Chosen P'yŏngan Railway (Onch'ŏn Line, 1938–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
Line length 89.9 km (55.9 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
(P'yŏngyang - Namp'o)
Route map

DPRK-Pyongnam Line.png

P'yŏngra Line, P'yŏngŭi Line
West P'yŏngyangTram Line 3
3.9 Pot'onggangMetro Kŏn'guk Station
0.0 P'yŏngyangMetro Yŏnggwang Station
P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Line
P'yŏngbu Line
8.7 Ch'ilgol
P'yŏngyang Wheat Flour Factory
Youth Hero Motorway
15.8 Taep'yŏng
Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex
23.1 KangsŏnChamjilli Line
Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex
Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex
Chamjilli Line
Posan Line
Kŭmsŏng Tractor Factory
28.3 Kangsŏ
Tae'an Line
Youth Hero Motorway
40.7 Ryonggang
Ryonggang Line
47.6 Kalch'ŏn
Tojiri Line
54.9 Sinnamp'o
55.2 Namp'o
Namp'o container port
Namp'ohang Line
64.0 Tŏktong
68.4 Sillyŏngri
Sŏhae Kammun Line
73.1 East Kwangryang
75.3 West Kwangryang
78.0 Hwado
80.5 Rosang
KPAF Onch'ŏn air base
Namdong Line Closed
89.3 P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn
84.4 Kwisŏng
Pyongnam Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 평남선
Revised Romanization Pyeongnamseon
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngnamsŏn

The P'yŏngnam Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, linking P'yŏngyang with the port city of Namp'o and the hot springs at P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn. The length of the line is 89.9 km (55.9 mi).[1]

It serves as a connection between the various trunk lines starting at P'yŏngyang that serve the north and east of the country with the lines in the southwestern part of North Korea by means of a connection to the Sŏhae Kammun Line (or West Sea Barrage Line). It connects to the Ryonggang Line and the freight-only Taean Line,[2] as well as to the P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Line, the Chamjilli Line, the Posan Line, the Tojiri Line, the Namp'o Port Line, and, formerly, the Namdong Line.[1]

On 21 October 2014 a groundbreaking ceremony for the Sŭngri ("Victory") project to modernise the P'yŏngnam Line from Namp'o to P'yŏngyang and the P'yŏngdŏk Line from P'yŏngyang to Chaedong was held. The project, supported by Russia, is intended to form the first stage of a larger-scale cooperation with the Russian Railways as part of a 20-year development project that would modernise around 3,500 km (2,200 mi) of the North Korean rail network, and would include the construction of a north-south freight bypass around P'yŏngyang.[3]

The overall project cost is estimated to be around US $25 billion, and it is expected that exports of coal, rare-earth and non-ferrous metals from the DPRK to Russia will provide the funding for the project.[3]


In September 1909 the Chosen Government Railway began construction of a rail line running between P'yŏngyang and Chinnamp'o (nowadays Namp'o).[2] Called the P'yŏngnam Line, it was opened for operations on 16 October 1910.[4]

In the following years, a number of stations were opened along the line to expand the service: Kangsŏn Station on 1 July 1923; Kalch'ŏn Station on 1 May 1924; Taesŏng Station, 35.2 km (21.9 mi) from P'yŏngyang between Kangsŏ and Ryonggang, was opened on 1 November 1925 and subsequently closed; Choch'on station was opened on 11 February 1934,[5] but a year later was dismantled and moved 1.2 km (0.75 mi) south, becoming today's Ch'ilgol Station;[6] Taep'o Station, 13.3 km (8.3 mi) from P'yŏngyang Station between Choch'on and Taep'yŏng Stations in Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk, P'yŏngyang, was opened on 10 January 1944 and subsequently closed;[7] and Pot'onggang Station on 21 March 1944.[8]

On 8 July 1938, the privately owned Chosen P'yŏngan Railway (朝鮮平安鉄道, Chōsen Heian Tetsudō; 조선 평안 철도, Chosŏn P'yŏngan Ch'ŏldo) opened the 34.7 km (21.6 mi) Onch'ŏn Line from Chinnamp'o to P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn, running passenger trains to serve the hot springs there.[9]

Both lines - together with all others within the Soviet-occupied part of Korea - were nationalised by the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea on 10 August 1946[1], and operated by the Korean State Railway following the establishment of the DPRK. The line was heavily damaged during the Korean War, but was subsequently rebuilt and expanded, with the construction of Sinnamp'o Station to serve glass factories and shipbuilders located there.[2]

The mainline between P'yŏngyang and Namp'o was electrified in December 1979.[2]

After the completion of the West Sea Barrage in 1986, a new rail line, the Sŏhae Kammun Line was opened, running from Sillyŏngri on the Onch'ŏn branch of the P'yŏngnam Line to Ch'ŏlgwang on the Ŭllyul Line.[1]



A wide array of industries along the mainline of the P'yŏngnam Line are all served by freight trains, and import-export traffic through Namp'o Port - North Korea's largest in terms of traffic - is also moved by rail along this line.[2]

The Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex at Kangsŏn, the DPRK's largest steel mill, produces steel and other alloys; a good portion of this output is sent to industries elsewhere on the P'yŏngnam Line.[10]

The Kŭmsŏng Tractor Factory at Kangsŏ produces tractors and other agricultural equipment for both domestic use and export, using structural steel supplied from the Sŏngjin Steel Works and the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex and plate steel from the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex.[11]

All freight heading to and from the Taean Machine Complex located in Taean on the adjoining Taean Line moves via the P'yŏngnam Line. Steel arrives there from the Kimchaek Iron & Steel Complex, the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex and the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex, nonferrous metals from the Munp'yŏng Smelter, and imported materials and parts unloaded from ships at Namp'o Port.[12]

There is a significant amount of short-distance freight traffic between Kangsŏn and the Posan Line via Kangsŏ: the April 13 Ironworks, located at Posan, produces pig iron that is all shipped to the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex; the ironworks receives some of its raw material via rail, as well.[13]

Other rail-served industries on the line include, among others, the P'yŏngyang Wheat Flour Factory at Ch'ilgol in Samhŭng-dong, Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk[14] in P'yŏngyang; and the Pyeonghwa Motors factory and the Ch'ŏnji Lubricant Factory at Sinnamp'o.[15] There are also numerous rail-served factories on the connecting lines.[15]

The section from Sinnamp'o to P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn serves a primarily agricultural area. There are freight loading facilities at East Kwangryang, Rosang, Kwisŏng and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn. The bulk of outbound freight traffic on this section is salt and agricultural products; inbound traffic consists primarily of coal, anthracite, fertiliser and goods for everyday use. There is also a significant amount of military traffic along this line, destined for the Onch'ŏn air base of the Korean People's Army Air Force just north of P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn.[2]


A number of long-distance and local passenger trains run along the P'yŏngnam Line, serving the city of Namp'o as well as the hot springs at P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn.[2]

Four passenger trains operate over the entirety of the mainline.[2] These are semi-express trains 146-147/148-149 between Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the P'yŏngŭi Line and Namp'o via P'yŏngyang;[1] regional trains 226-227/228-229 between Tŏkch'ŏn on the P'yŏngdŏk Line and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn;[1] regional trains 225/230 between Potonggang and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn;[1] and regional trains 240-241/242-243 between Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line and Namp'o via P'yŏngyang.[1]

Other passenger trains on the line include local trains 361/362, operating between Namp'o and Ch'ŏlgwang, running from Namp'o to Sillyŏngri and continuing to Ch'ŏlgwang via the Sŏhaekammun Line, and local trains 733/734, operating between Kangsŏ and Mayŏng on the Ryonggang Line via Ryonggang.[1] Due to the poor state of the tracks, at present the travel time for trains between P'yŏngyang and Namp'o is around three hours;[1] in comparison, in 1920 the six daily trips between P'yŏngyang and Namp'o took 1 hour 40 minutes each way.[16]


A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

(Total; km)
(S2S; km)
Station Name
Station Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
Former Name
Former Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
0.0 0.0 P'yŏngyang 평양 (平壌) P'yŏngŭi Line, P'yŏngdŏk Line,
Metro Ch'ŏllima Line Yŏnggwang Station
Tram Line 1
3.9 3.9 Pot'onggang 보통강 (普通江) P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Line
Metro Hyŏksin Line Kŏn'guk Station
Tram Line 1
7.5 3.6 Choch'ŏn 조천 (趙村) Closed 1935
8.7 4.8
from Pot'onggang
Ch'ilgol 칠골 (-) Choch'ŏn 조천 (趙村) Metro Hyŏksin Line Ch'ilgol Station (planned)
Tram Line 1
P'yŏngyang Wheat Flour Factory
13.3 Taep'o 대포 (大宝) Closed
15.8 7.1
from Ch'ilgol
Taep'yŏng 대평 (大平)
23.1 7.3 Kangsŏn 강선 (降仙) Chamjilli Line
Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex
28.3 5.2 Kangsŏ 강서 (江西) Kiyang 기양 (岐陽) Tae'an Line, Posan Line
Kŭmsŏng Tractor Factory
35.2 T'aesŏng 태성 (台城) Closed
40.7 12.4 Ryonggang 룡강 (龍岡) Chinjidong 진지동 (真池洞) Ryonggang Line
Chinji 진지 (真池) Closed
47.6 6.9 Kalch'ŏn 갈천 (葛川)
54.9 7.3 Sinnamp'o 신남포 (新南浦) Namp'ohang Line
Pyeonghwa Motors
55.2 0.3
from Sinnamp'o
Namp'o 남포 (南浦) Chinnamp'o 진남포 (鎮南浦) Tojiri Line
Namp'o container port
61.6 6.7
from Namp'o
Haesan 해산 (海山) Closed
64.0 9.1
from Sinnamp'o
Tŏktong 덕동 (徳洞)
68.4 4.4 Sillyŏngri 신령리 (新寧里) P'yŏngnam Sindŏk 평남신덕 (平南新徳) Sŏhae Kammun Line
73.1 4.7 East Kwangryang (Tonggwangryang) 동광량 (東広梁)
75.3 2.2 West Kwangryang (Sŏgwangryang) 서광량 (西広梁)
78.0 2.7 Hwado 화도 (花島)
80.5 2.5 Rosang 로상 (路上) Nosang 노상 (路上)
84.4 3.9 Kwisŏng 귀성 (貴城)
89.3 4.9 P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn 평남온천 (平南温泉) Namdong Line
Onch'ŏn air base


  • Japanese Government Railways, 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在 [The list of the Stations as of 1 October 1937], Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, 1937, pg. 486
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h The traffic and geography in North Korea: P'yŏngnam Line; accessed 14 December 2017. (in Korean)
  3. ^ a b "North Korea launches Victory railway upgrade". Retrieved 15 December 2017. 
  4. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Meiji No. 32, 5 October 1910
  5. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 2122, 8 February 1934
  6. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 2614, 27 September 1935.
  7. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 5077, 10 January 1944
  8. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 5137, 22 March 1944.
  9. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 3447, 14 July 1938
  10. ^ Staff. "천리마제강연합기업소(千里馬製鋼聯合企業所) (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  11. ^ Staff. "통합 검색 결과 : 금성트랙터종합공장 (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  12. ^ Staff. "통합 검색 결과 : 대안중기계련합기업소 (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  13. ^ Staff. "4월13일제철소(四月十三日製鐵所) (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  14. ^ Dormels, Rainer (2014). "Profiles of the cities of DPR Korea - Pyongyang" (PDF). Universität Wien. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Staff. "북한 군수공장 시리즈 11: 님퍼특별시에 소재한 군수공장 및 시설. North Korean Military Factory Series 11: Military Factories and Facilities in Namp'o Special City (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Official Guide to Eastern Asia vol. 1 Chōsen & Manchuria, Siberia, p. 121, Department of Railways, Tokyo, 1920
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