Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta

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Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta

Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta ("the perfect divine nature")[1] or often referred to simply as Pura Jagatkarta is a Hindu temple of Nusantara located in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. Once built, Pura Jagatkarta became the largest temple in West Java and the second largest in Indonesia after Pura Besakih in Bali, and it is considered as a place of worship and worship of King Siliwangi and the hyang (ancestors) of Pakuan Pajajaran who once stood in the Parahyangan area.

Layout

Pura Jagatkarta is located at the foot of Mount Salak, in Ciapus, Tamansari District in Bogor Regency. Pura Jagatkarta is built in a unique location in Mount Salak because it is said Pakuan Pajajaran Sunda stood in the location. Pakuan Pajajaran (now Bogor) is the capital region of the Sunda Galuh Kingdom, the last Hindu kingdom in the archipelago (along with Majapahit) which experienced its golden age under the rule of King Siliwangi, before being conquered by Javanese Muslims in the 16th century.[2]

The layout of Pura Jagatkarta is also based on the legend that the area is the place where Prabu Siliwangi reached moksa with his soldiers, so before it was built, a temple with white and black tiger statue (Prabu Siliwangi symbol) was established as a tribute to the Pajajaran Kingdom, the last Hindu kingdom In the land of Parahyangan. Some of Pajajaran's relics are now stored in the National Museum of Indonesia in Jakarta. The footprint of King Siliwangi is printed on a rock that came to be known as the Ciaruteun Inscription.

The access road from the foot of Mount Salak to Pura Jagatkarta has been widened since its construction was pioneered in 1995, so vehicles can reach the temple easily. But because of the many visitors who come, the parking area is located far from the temple area.

Development

The construction of Pura Jagatkarta was pioneered in 1995 and is the result of mutual cooperation of Hindu Nusantara people. Pura Jagatkarta is not officially completed yet, but the main temple buildings such as Pura Padmesana, Balai Pasamuan Agung and Mandala Utama have been completed.

Before entering the main area of Pura Jagatkarta there is also Pura Melanting and Pura Pasar Agung which is used specially for praying, perfecting, and sanctifying the offerings that will be presented in Pura Jagatkarta as a form of gratitude. Tourist visitors are generally prohibited from entering the main temple, except for those who want to perform ritual praying, otherwise access is only available to the outer court temple.

References

  1. ^ Laman Pura di Situs Pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor, diakses 12 Desember 2013.
  2. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c.1300, 2nd Edition. London: MacMillan. ISBN 0-333-57689-6. 

External links

  • Laman Pura di Situs Pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor
  • "Pura Gunung Salak, Pengakuan Riwayat Padjadjaran" di situs Kasundaan.org
  • CNN Indonesia: "Suasana Khidmat di Pura Terbesar se-Jawa Barat (Solemn Atmosphere at the Largest Temple in West Java)"

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