Punpun River

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Punpun River
Punpun.jpg
Punpun at Obra
Location
Country India
State Jharkhand, Bihar
City Obra
Physical characteristics
Source  
 - location Palamu district, Chota Nagpur Plateau, Jharkhand
 - coordinates 24°11′N 84°9′E / 24.183°N 84.150°E / 24.183; 84.150
 - elevation 300 m (980 ft)
Mouth Ganges
Fatuha
 - coordinates
25°30′50″N 85°17′46″E / 25.51389°N 85.29611°E / 25.51389; 85.29611Coordinates: 25°30′50″N 85°17′46″E / 25.51389°N 85.29611°E / 25.51389; 85.29611
Length 200 km (120 mi)

The Punpun River is a tributary of the Ganges. It originates in Palamu district of Jharkhand and flows through Chatra, Aurangabad, Gaya and Patna districts of the Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar.[1]

Course

The Punpun originates on the Chota Nagpur Plateau, at an elevation of 300 metres (980 ft), The river mostly flows in a north-east direction and joins the Ganges at Fatuha, 25 kilometres (16 mi) downstream of Patna.[2]

Many towns such as Sigori are located on the banks of the river.

Tributaries

The main tributaries of the Punpun are – the Butane, the Madar and the Mohar.[2]

Other features

The 200 kilometres (120 mi) long river is mostly rainfed and carries little water in the dry season. However, during rains, the Punpun often causes heavy flood damages east of Patna city. The catchment area of the Punpun is 8,530 square kilometres (3,290 sq mi). Agricultural area in the Punpun basin is about 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi). The average annual rainfall for the basin is 1,181 millimetres (46.5 in).[2]

Religious significance

This river is mentioned in the Vayu and the Padma Puranas in connection with Gaya Mahatmya as the punah-punah (again and again) of which Pun-Pun is the colloquial form. The river might have been called by this name because it was frequently in spate.[citation needed] The Puranas interpret the word punah-punah in a spiritual sense that sins are removed again and again by offering oblations to forefathers in the river.[3]

[4]

References

  1. ^ Asian Pacific Remote Sensing and GIS Journal. United Nations. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  2. ^ a b c "Hydrology and Water Resources of India By Sharad K. Jain, Pushpendra K. Agarwal, Vijay P. Singh". p. 357. Google books. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  3. ^ "Rivers in Mythology". Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  4. ^ Bengal District Gazaetter - Gaya By L.S.S. O’malley. p. 8. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
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