Prunus subhirtella

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Prunus subhirtella
Prunus Subhirtella 'Pendula' 05.JPG
Cultivar 'Pendula', "Weeping Higan Cherry"
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. subhirtella
Binomial name
Prunus subhirtella

Prunus subhirtella (Prunus × subhirtella) or Prunus pendula[1] sometimes also called winter-flowering cherry,[2] spring cherry, Higan cherry, or rosebud cherry[3] is a small deciduous flowering tree originating in Japan, but unknown in the wild. It is probably of hybrid origin between Prunus incisa and Prunus spachiana.[citation needed]

Fruit and flowers

Prunus subhirtella bears white to pink flowers which may emerge intermittently from autumn through to spring, and small black fruit.[4]

Ornamental use

Several garden forms are known. The variety 'Jugatsu-zakura' (incorrectly known as Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis')[5] is widely grown for its propensity to flower during mild winter weather.[4]

The flowers can be used as indoor decorations.[6]

The leaves of P. subhirtella have some garden value for their autumn colour.[4] The cultivar P. × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7]


  1. ^ "Prunus pendula". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Prunus subhirtella". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  4. ^ a b c European Garden Flora; vol. IV; 1995
    and Hilliers Manual of Trees and Shrubs
  5. ^ Botany Photo of the Day, 7 February 2011, the UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research
  6. ^ Nicholson, B.E.; Wallis, Michael (1963). The Oxford Book of Garden Flowers (Revised ed.). London: Oxford University Press (published 1973). p. viii. ISBN 1131802403. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea'". Retrieved 19 July 2013. 

Media related to Prunus subhirtella at Wikimedia Commons

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