Prunus campanulata

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  (Redirected from Prunus pendula)
Taiwan cherry
Hikanzakura.JPG
Prunus campanulata blossoms
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. campanulata
Binomial name
Prunus campanulata
Maxim. 1883 [1]
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) A.Vassiliev
  • Prunus cerasoides Koidz.
  • Prunus cerasoides var. campanulata (Maxim.) Koidz.
  • Prunus pendula hort.

Prunus campanulata is a species of cherry native to Japan, Taiwan, southern and eastern China (Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hunan, Fujian, and Zhejiang), and Vietnam.[4] It is a large shrub or small tree, growing 3–8 m (9.8–26.2 ft) tall.[4] It is widely grown as an ornamental tree, and a symbol of Nago in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. It is variously known in English as the Taiwan cherry,[5] Formosan cherry, or bellflower cherry. It was described in 1883 by Carl Johann Maximowicz.[1]

Invasive species

The tree is an invasive plant species in the Northland Region of New Zealand. It is illegal to distribute, sell or propagate the plant or to distribute soil, gravel, etc., that contain the seeds or other parts of the plant.[6]

Ecological interactions

Prunus campanulata is the host of larval Chrysozephyrus nishikaze, a butterfly species endemic to Taiwan.[7] Flowers and nectar of Prunus campanulata are among the main food sources of Taiwan yuhinas during their breeding season.[8]

Images

References

  1. ^ a b "Plant Name Details for Prunus campanulata". IPNI. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Plant Name Details for Cerasus campanulata". IPNI. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  3. ^ The Plant List, Prunus campanulata Maxim.
  4. ^ a b Li Chaoluan (Li Chao-luang); Jiang Shunyuan; Bruce Bartholomew. "Cerasus campanulata (Maximowicz) A. N. Vassiljeva, 1957. 钟花樱桃 zhong hua ying tao". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  6. ^ "Northland Pest Management Strategy" (PDF). Northland Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Savela, Markku (8 August 2015). "Chrysozephyrus Shirôzu & Yamamoto, 1956". Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  8. ^ Lee, Pei-Fen; et al. (2005). "Habitat selection of the cooperative breeding Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps) in a fragmented forest habitat" (PDF). Zoological Studies. 44 (4): 497–504. 
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