Proposed Australian constitutional referendum, 2013

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The Proposed Australian constitutional referendum, 2013 refers to an Australian referendum which was planned, and then abandoned, in 2013.

History

The referendum was proposed to change s 96 of the Constitution of Australia to allow the Commonwealth of Australia to directly fund local councils.[1] Similar referendums failed to pass in 1974 and 1988.

The proposed constitutional alteration was passed by both Houses of Parliament as the Constitution Alteration (Local Government) 2013.[2]

The "yes" campaign was supported by both the government and opposition leader Tony Abbott.[1]

The federal government allocated $10 million to the "yes" campaign, but just $500,000 to the "no" campaign. The difference in funding led seven senators from the Coalition to vote against the referendum bill in the Senate, although it passed by 46 votes to eight.[1]

Section 128 of the Constitution requires a proposed constitutional amendment be submitted to the electors in a referendum no less than two months but no later than six months after passage. The referendum was originally planned to be held on the same day as the 2013 federal election, originally set for 14 September 2013. However, on 4 August, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd changed the general election date to 7 September,[3] and Local Government Minister Catherine King announced that the referendum would be held on a later date.[3]

The Australian Labor Party was defeated at the 7 September 2013 federal election, and in October 2013 the Abbott Coalition government announced it would not proceed with the referendum.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c Local govt referendum planned Business Spectator, 24 June 2013
  2. ^ Constitution Alteration (Local Government) 2013, Explanatory Memorandum
  3. ^ a b Prime Minister Kevin Rudd calls September 7 federal election, ABC, 4-Aug-2013
  4. ^ Abbott Government kills off local government referendum, news.com.au, October 31, 2013
  • 2013 Local Government Referendum - FAQs Gilbert + Tobin Centre of Public Law, University of NSW
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