Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Augusta Wilhelmine
Portrait der Pfalzgräfin Auguste Wilhelmine von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1765-1796).jpg
Duchess consort of Zweibrücken
Tenure 1 April 1795 – 30 March 1796
Born (1765-04-14)14 April 1765
Darmstadt
Died 30 March 1796(1796-03-30) (aged 30)
Rohrbach
Spouse
Issue
Full name
German: Marie Auguste Wilhelmine
House Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg
Religion Lutheranism

Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Marie Auguste Wilhelmine von Hessen-Darmstadt) (14 April 1765 – 30 March 1796) was Duchess consort of Zweibrücken by marriage to Maximilian, Duke of Zweibrücken, and the mother of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.

Biography

Augusta Wilhelmine was born at Darmstadt, the fourth daughter and ninth child of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt (second son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt) and Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg.

Marriage

On 30 September 1785, in Darmstadt, Augusta Wilhelmine married Maximilian, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (later King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria).

Maximilian was an officer in the French army stationed at Strasbourg, but the couple also often visited Paris.[1] There Augusta Wilhelmine met Queen Marie Antoinette with whom she maintained an ongoing correspondence.

In 1789, Maximilian's regiment rose in revolt and he and Augusta Wilhelmine fled to her parents' home in Darmstadt.[2] For the next five years, they lived mostly in the neighboring town of Mannheim. In December 1794, the French army attacked Mannheim. Augusta Wilhelmine fled the city when her home was shelled by French artillery.[3]

Duchess of Zweibrücken

In April 1795 Maximilian succeeded his brother as reigning Duke of Zweibrücken; however, his duchy was entirely occupied by the French. In March 1796 Augusta Wilhelmine, who had always had delicate lungs, finally succumbed and died at Rohrbach [de].[4] She was buried in the Schlosskirche in Darmstadt.[5]

Issue

She had five children:

Ancestry

Footnotes

  1. ^ Egon Caesar Corti, Ludwig I of Bavaria (London: Thornton Butterworth, 1938), 15.
  2. ^ Corti, 19.
  3. ^ Corti, 21.
  4. ^ Corti, 24.
  5. ^ Hans Rall, Wittelsbacher Lebensbilder von Kaiser Ludwig bis zur Gegenwart (Munich: Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds), 142.
  6. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 70.

Bibliography

  • Winkler, Wilhelm. "Die Mutter König Ludwig I. von Bayern nach ungedruckten Briefen", Die Wächter (1924).
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Princess_Augusta_Wilhelmine_of_Hesse-Darmstadt&oldid=857380687"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Princess_Augusta_Wilhelmine_of_Hesse-Darmstadt
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA