Princes Pier

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Northern side of Princes Pier in 2008

Princes Pier is a 580 metre long[1] historic pier on Port Phillip, in Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was known as the New Railway Pier until renamed Prince's Pier after the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) who visited Melbourne in May 1920.[2]

History

Remains of the original wooden pillars forming the pier

The pier was constructed between 1912 and 1915 by the Melbourne Harbour Trust to supplement the adjacent Station Pier (originally the 'Railway Pier'). From completion in 1915 until 1969 it was also a major arrival point for new migrants, particularly during the post-war period. In addition to a pier, there was a gatehouse and barriers, terminal building, amenities rooms, goods lockers, ablution blocks, railway sidings and passenger gangways.[3]

From opening the pier was linked by rail to the Port Melbourne railway line, via double lines branching from the Melbourne side of Graham station. Eight railway tracks ran onto the bridge, four along either face.[4] A passenger rail service was provided to the pier from 30 May 1921 operated by suburban electric trains. Provided when ships were docked at the pier, it was usually operated by a single double ended 'swing door' motor car until ended in November 1930, as it was not financially rewarding to the Victorian Railways.[5] The overhead wiring was removed on 17 August 1953 and the line singled and worked as a siding from 21 March 1961.[5]

With the containerisation boom the pier became unused, being closed to public access in the early 1990s due to the poor timber condition, and squatters caused a fire in the late 1990s that destroyed the store structures.[2] In the three years to 2004, 14 fires occurred.[1] A refurbishment estimated to cost $14 million was announced by the State Government in April 2006, with the first 196 metres of the Pier fully restored, beyond that point the decking being removed and the original pylons preserved. A full restoration was estimated at $60 million.[6] A contract for the work was awarded in June 2007,[7] and work began in October of the same year.[8] The pier reopened to the public in December 2011.

References

  1. ^ a b "Time for a pier review". The Age. theage.com.au. 17 October 2004. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  2. ^ a b "Major Projects - Princes Pier restoration". www.majorprojects.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 21 July 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  3. ^ "Princes Pier (listing VICH981)". Australia Heritage Places Inventory. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  4. ^ Victorian Railways signal diagram "Port Melbourne line - Bridge Street to Piers 1915". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  5. ^ a b S.E. Dornan and R.G. Henderson (1979). Electric Railways of Victoria. Australian Electric Traction Society. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-909459-06-1.
  6. ^ "BRACKS GOVERNMENT FACELIFT FOR PRINCES PIER". Media Release: OFFICE OF THE PREMIER. www.dpc.vic.gov.au. 19 April 2006. Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "PATH SET FOR PRINCES PIER REFURBISHMENT". Media Release: MINISTER FOR MAJOR PROJECTS. www.dpc.vic.gov.au. 21 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "PRINCES PIER BREAKS INTO NEW GROUND IN HISTORIC REVAMP". Media Release: MINISTER FOR MAJOR PROJECTS. www.dpc.vic.gov.au. 24 October 2007. Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Victorian Railways signal diagrams:

  • "Port Melbourne line - Bridge Street to Piers 1915". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  • "Port Melbourne line - Bridge Street to Piers 1919". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  • "Port Melbourne line - Bridge Street to Piers 1937". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  • "Port Melbourne and Graham 1963". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  • "Flinders Street to Port Melbourne 1969". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
  • "Flinders Street to Port Melbourne 1971". Retrieved 31 July 2008. [dead link]
Preceding station   Disused railways   Following station
Graham   Port Melbourne line, Princes Pier branch   Terminus
  List of closed railway stations in Melbourne  

Coordinates: 37°50′33″S 144°55′35″E / 37.8424°S 144.9265°E / -37.8424; 144.9265

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