Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Luís de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança.jpg
Born (1870-09-15)15 September 1870
Ebenthal, Austria-Hungary
Died 23 January 1942(1942-01-23) (aged 71)
Innsbruck, Nazi Germany (current Austria)
Burial St. Augustin, Coburg
Spouse Princess Mathilde of Bavaria
Countess Anna of Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg
Full name
Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria
House Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry
Father Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Princess Leopoldina of Brazil
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (15 September 1870, in Ebenthal – 23 January 1942, in Innsbruck), known in Brazil as Dom Luís Gastão, was a prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. He was the fourth son of the German Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Leopoldina of Brazil.


Early life

Ludwig Gaston was born the youngest of the four sons of Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Leopoldina of Brazil. The prince was born at the Austrian Ebenthal castle, the seat of his Coburg family, and grew up in the Empire of Brazil where at that time was ruled by his maternal grandfather, Emperor Pedro II of Brazil until 1889, when a military coup d'état put an end to the Brazilian monarchy and led the family to move to Europe.

Military and later life

Ludwig with his wife Mathilde and their son Anton.

Ludwig went to Wiener Neustadt to study at the Theresian Military Academy, where he successfully graduated in 1892. After that, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant of the Fourth Tiroler Jäger-Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian Army in Lienz. On May 1, 1896, Ludwig was given the rank of First lieutenant, and, on March 29, 1900, he was given leadership of the First Tiroler Jäger-Regiment in Innsbruck. On May 1, 1903, he advanced to the rank of Captain.

In Munich, on May 1, 1900, Ludwig Gaston married Princess Mathilde of Bavaria, daughter of the King Ludwig III of Bavaria. Their wedding was hosted by her grandfather, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria.[1] They had two children:

  • Antonius Maria Ludwig Klemens Eugen Karl Heinrich August Luitpold Leopold Franz Wolfgang Peter Gaston Alexander Alfons Ignatius Aloysius Stanislaus (Innsbruck, 17 June 1901 – Haar, 1 September 1970), married on 14 May 1938 to Luise Mayrhofer. This marriage was childless.
  • Maria Immaculata Leopoldine Franziska Theresia Ildefonsa Adelgunde Klementine Hildegard Anna Josepha Elisabeth Sancta-Angelica Nicoletta (Innsbruck, 10 September 1904 – Varese, Italy, 18 March 1940). She died unmarried.

Princess Mathilde of Bavaria died of lung disease in 1906 in Davos, leaving her husband with two small children.

On February 8, 1907, Gaston left the army, and in Bischofteinitz, on November 30, 1907, Gaston married the Countess Anna of Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg (1873 – 1948). They had one daughter:

  • Josefine Maria Anna Leopoldine Amalie Klementine Ludovica Theresia Gabriela Gonzaga (Schloß Vogelsang, 20 September 1911 – Stockdorf, 27 November 1997), married on 12 May 1937 to Richard, Freiherr von Baratta-Dragono (1901 – 1998); they had two children and divorced in 1945.


Ludwig Gaston died on January 23, 1942 in Innsbruck and was buried in the St. Augustine's Church in Coburg. He was the last surviving grandchild of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. He was the holder of the Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order.

Titles and honors

Styles of
Prince Ludwig Gaston
COA Dinasty Saxe-Coburgo-Bragança (blazon).svg
Reference style His Highness
Spoken style Your Highness
Alternative style Sir
  • 15 September 1870 – 23 January 1942: His Highness Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony[2][3]

He was a recipient of the following foreign honors:

D-SAX Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order[4]



  1. ^ Die Woche (in German) (20). 19 May 1900. pp. 848, 850.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Bragança (1959), 87
  3. ^ Bragança (1959), 90
  4. ^ Bragança (2008), 166
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